Harrison #156814 v. Deeren et al
ORDER that Plaintiff's objections to the R&R 85 are denied; APPROVING AND ADOPTING REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION 84 ; Plaintiff's motion to dismiss the action 68 is denied; signed by Chief Judge Robert J. Jonker (Chief Judge Robert J. Jonker, ymc)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE WESTERN DISTRICT OF MICHIGAN
LARRY E. HARRISON,
File No. 1:16-cv-336
HON. ROBERT J. JONKER
BRYAN DEEREN et al.,
United States Magistrate Judge Ellen S. Carmody issued a Report and Recommendation
(“R&R”) recommending that the Court deny Plaintiff’s motion to dismiss the case without prejudice
(ECF No. 84). Before the Court are Plaintiff’s objections to the R&R and brief in support thereof
(ECF Nos. 85, 86).
This Court is required to make a de novo review of those portions of a R&R to which specific
objections are made, and may accept, reject, or modify any or all of the Magistrate Judge’s findings
or recommendations. 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1); Fed. R. Civ. P. 72(b)(3).
Rule 41(a)(2) permits voluntary dismissal of an action without prejudice “by court order, on
terms that the court considers proper.” Fed. R. Civ. P. 41(a)(2). After considering the factors set forth
in Rosenthal v. Bridgestone/Firestone, Inc., 217 F. App’x 498 (6th Cir. 2007), the magistrate judge
determined that Defendants would suffer “plain legal prejudice” as a result of a dismissal without
prejudice. See id. at 501 (quoting Grover by Grover v. Eli Lilly & Co., 33 F.3d 716, 718 (6th Cir.
1994)). For instance, the magistrate judge noted: the expenses incurred by Defendants in conducting
discovery and preparing for trial in this matter; the late stage of the proceedings in this case; and
Plaintiff’s failure to provide a sufficient reason for a dismissal without prejudice. (R&R 4-5.)
In his objections, Plaintiff argues that he will be prejudiced by being forced to proceed in an
action in which he cannot obtain monetary relief, because the Court has held that he cannot present
evidence of damages as a sanction for his failure to provide complete answers to discovery requests.1
Any prejudice to Plaintiff as a result of the Court’s sanction is entirely attributable to Plaintiff. He
contends that he should not be held responsible for the inadequate discovery responses because he
was represented by counsel at the time; however, Plaintiff “voluntarily chose [his] attorney as his
representative in the action, and he cannot now avoid the consequences of the acts or omissions of
this freely selected agent.” Link v. Wabash R.R. Co., 370 U.S. 626, 633-34 (1962).
Plaintiff’s discovery responses without counsel are no more forthcoming. As the record
reflects, he has failed to produce medical records, leading to another order to compel, and a direct
warning from the magistrate judge of potential consequences (ECF No. 83). Plaintiff has not
objected to this order to compel. In effect, Plaintiff’s motion to dismiss is an attempt to avoid the
sanction imposed on him, and to avoid dealing with his additional problems since then. The
magistrate judge rightly determined that it would not be proper to allow Plaintiff to dismiss his case
without prejudice in these circumstances.
IT IS ORDERED that Plaintiff’s objections to the R&R (ECF No. 85) are DENIED.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that the R&R (ECF No. 84) is APPROVED and ADOPTED
as the opinion of this Court.
Plaintiff identifies several reasons why he believes that the Court’s sanction is improper, but
because the Court’s sanction is not at issue in the R&R, and because the Court has already addressed
Plaintiff’s objections to the sanction on several occasions (ECF Nos. 55, 65), the Court will not address those
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that Plaintiff’s motion to dismiss the action (ECF No. 68)
July 19, 2017
/s/ Robert J. Jonker
ROBERT J. JONKER
CHIEF UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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