Brooks #457965 v. Barrett
ORDER ADOPTING REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION 6 : Petitioner's petition and certificate of appealability are DENIED; case closed; signed by Judge Gordon J. Quist (Judge Gordon J. Quist, jmt)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE WESTERN DISTRICT OF MICHIGAN
WILLIE LEE BROOKS,
Case No. 1:17-CV-504
HON. GORDON J. QUIST
ORDER ADOPTING REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION
On August 7, 2017, Magistrate Judge Green issued a Report and Recommendation (R & R)
recommending that the Court deny Petitioner’s petition for writ of habeas corpus because it is barred
by the one-year statute of limitations in 28 U.S.C. § 2254(d)(1)(A). The magistrate judge concluded
that the one-year limitations period expired on December 27, 2006. (ECF No. 6 at PageID.90.) The
magistrate judge also concluded that Petitioner is not entitled to equitable tolling because he failed
to raise basis to support equitable tolling. (Id. at PageID.91.) Finally, the magistrate judge
concluded that Petitioner failed to establish that he is actually innocent. (Id. at PageID.92)
Petitioner has filed Objections to the R & R. After conducting a de novo review of the R &
R and Petitioner’s Objections, the Court concludes that the R & R should be adopted.
In his Objections, Petitioner appears to argue that his petition is timely based on People v.
Lockridge, 488 Mich. 358, 870 N.W. 2d 502 (2015). To the extent Petitioner argues that his petition
is timely under 28 U.S.C. § 2244(d)(1)(C), his argument lacks merit. Lockridge did not establish
a new rule of constitutional law made retroactive to cases on collateral review by the United States
Supreme Court. Rather, Lockridge was decided by the Michigan Supreme Court and therefore
cannot trigger the one-year period under § 2244(d)(1)(C). Henry v. Burt, No. 1:14-CV-639, 2015
WL 1119759 (W.D. Mich. Mar. 10, 2015).1
Under 28 U.S.C. § 2253(c)(2), the Court must also determine whether a certificate of
appealability should be granted. A certificate should issue if Petitioner has demonstrated a
“substantial showing of a denial of a constitutional right.” 28 U.S.C. § 2253(c)(2). The Sixth
Circuit has disapproved issuance of blanket denials of a certificate of appealability. Murphy v. Ohio,
263 F.3d 466, 467 (6th Cir. 2001). Rather, the district court must “engage in a reasoned assessment
of each claim” to determine whether a certificate is warranted. Id. at 467. Each issue must be
considered under the standards set forth by the Supreme Court in Slack v. McDaniel, 529 U.S. 473,
120 S. Ct. 1595 (2000). Murphy, 263 F.3d at 467. Consequently, this Court has examined
Petitioner’s claims under the Slack standard.
Under Slack, 529 U.S. at 484, 120 S. Ct. at 1604, to warrant a grant of the certificate, “[t]he
petitioner must demonstrate that reasonable jurists would find the district court’s assessment of the
constitutional claims debatable or wrong.” For the reasons stated above, the Court finds that
reasonable jurists could not find that this Court’s dismissal of Petitioner’s petition as untimely was
debatable or wrong. Thus, the Court will deny Petitioner a certificate of appealability.
IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that the Magistrate Judge’s Report and Recommendation
issued August 7, 2017 (ECF No. 6) is APPROVED AND ADOPTED as the Opinion of this Court.
Petitioner’s Objections (ECF No. 7) are OVERRULED.
The petition would be untimely even if Lockridge could trigger § 2244(d)(1)(C) because Petitioner filed his
petition more than one year after Lockridge was issued.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that Petitioner’s habeas corpus petition is DENIED because
it is barred by the one-year statute of limitations.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that a certificate of appealability is DENIED.
This case is concluded.
Dated: August 23, 2017
/s/ Gordon J. Quist
GORDON J. QUIST
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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