United States of America v. Thody et al
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER APPROVING AND ADOPTING REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION 110 ; United States' motion for leave 141 is DENIED; Defendant's appeal 118 from the Magistrate Judge's Order 109 is DENIED; Defendant's motion to dismiss 96 is DENIED; signed by Judge Janet T. Neff (Judge Janet T. Neff, clb)
Case 1:19-cv-00339-JTN-SJB ECF No. 145, PageID.665 Filed 01/07/21 Page 1 of 3
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
WESTERN DISTRICT OF MICHIGAN
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
Case No. 1:19-cv-339
HON. JANET T. NEFF
DANIEL I. THODY and WALTER-ELIYAH
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER
Now pending before the Court in this civil action is Defendant Daniel I. Thody’s combined
appeal and objections (ECF No. 118), to which the United States filed a response (ECF No. 120). 1
For the following reasons, the Court denies Defendant Daniel I. Thody’s appeal and objections.
The United States initiated this action on May 1, 2019 against Daniel I. Thody and his
father, Walter-Eliyah Thody, to reduce certain federal tax liabilities to a judgment against Daniel
(Count I) and to enforce federal tax liens against property titled in Daniel’s name located in
Newaygo County, Michigan, against which Walter-Eliyah had recorded a purported security
interest for $950,000 (Count II) (Compl. [ECF No. 1] ¶¶ 7, 12 & 17-18). The United States filed
an Amended Complaint on January 28, 2020 (ECF No. 51). The appeal at bar concerns the
Magistrate Judge’s September 30, 2020 Order granting the United States’ motion to compel
Defendant Daniel I. Thody also filed a Reply (ECF No. 139), which the Court did not consider
inasmuch as a reply is not authorized by this Court’s Local Rules. See W.D. Mich. LCivR 72.3.
The Court will also deny the United States’ motion for leave to file a sur-reply to the reply (ECF
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discovery (ECF No. 109). The objections at bar concern the Report and Recommendation entered
that same day (ECF No. 110), recommending that this Court deny Defendant Daniel I. Thody’s
motion to dismiss.
Defendant’s appeal from the Magistrate Judge’s September 30, 2020 Order is properly
denied. This Court will reverse an order of the Magistrate Judge only where it is shown that the
decision is “clearly erroneous or contrary to law.” 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(A); see also FED. R. CIV.
P. 72(a); W.D. Mich. LCivR 72.3(a). Defendant argues that the Magistrate Judge’s Order
compelling discovery was “inappropriate,” “if not completely moot,” where he has “fully
complied” with each interrogatory request posed by the United States (ECF No. 118 at
PageID.541). However, Defendant’s argument relies on the privilege that he previously asserted,
see ECF Nos. 91-1 and 91-2, a privilege that the Magistrate Judge determined was both waived
and lacking in merit, see ECF No. 109 at PageID.507-508. Defendant’s argument fails to
demonstrate that the Magistrate Judge’s Order is either clearly erroneous or contrary to law. The
appeal is therefore properly denied.
Defendant’s objection to the Magistrate Judge’s September 30, 2020 Report and
Recommendation is also properly denied. An objection to a magistrate judge’s report and
recommendation must “specifically identify the portions of the proposed findings,
recommendations, or report to which objections are made and the basis for such objections.” W.D.
Mich. LCivR 72.3(b). The court reviews de novo “those portions of the report or specified
proposed findings or recommendations to which objection is made.” Id. Defendant’s objection
fails to identify any factual or legal error by the Magistrate Judge in her jurisdictional analysis,
and, for the reasons more fully stated by the United States in its response (ECF No. 120 at
PageID.556-562), the Court discerns no compelling reason to consider the new arguments
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Defendant includes, which were not presented to the Magistrate Judge. Accordingly, this Court
adopts the Magistrate Judge’s September 30, 2020 Report and Recommendation as the Opinion of
IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that the United States’ Motion for Leave to File a Sur-Reply
(ECF No. 141) is DENIED.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that Defendant Daniel I. Thody’s Appeal (ECF No. 118)
from the Magistrate Judge’s Order (ECF No. 109) is DENIED.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that Defendant Daniel I. Thody’s Objections (ECF No.
118) are DENIED and the Report and Recommendation of the Magistrate Judge (ECF No. 110) is
APPROVED and ADOPTED as the Opinion of the Court.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that Defendant Daniel I. Thody’s Motion to Dismiss (ECF
No. 96) is DENIED for the reasons stated in the Report and Recommendation.
/s/ Janet T. Neff
JANET T. NEFF
United States District Judge
Dated: January 7, 2021
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