Sims v. United States of America et al
ORDER APPROVING AND ADOPTING REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION 40 ; this case is REMANDED to the Michigan Court of Claims; signed by Judge Robert J. Jonker (elam)
Case 1:22-cv-00975-RJJ-SJB ECF No. 54, PageID.1805 Filed 11/21/22 Page 1 of 3
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE WESTERN DISTRICT OF MICHIGAN
CASE No. 1:22-cv-975
HON. ROBERT J. JONKER
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
ORDER APPROVING AND ADOPTING
REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION
The Court has reviewed Magistrate Judge Berens’ Report and Recommendation in this
matter (ECF No. 40) and Plaintiff’s Objection and Amended Objection to it. (ECF Nos. 45 and
47). Under the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, where, as here, a party has objected to portions
of a Report and Recommendation, “[t]he district judge . . . has a duty to reject the magistrate
judge’s recommendation unless, on de novo reconsideration, he or she finds it justified.” 12
WRIGHT, MILLER, & MARCUS, FEDERAL PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE § 3070.2, at 381 (2d ed. 1997).
Specifically, the Rules provide that:
[t]he district judge must determine de novo any part of the
magistrate judge’s disposition that has been properly objected to.
The district judge may accept, reject, or modify the recommended
disposition; receive further evidence; or return the matter to the
magistrate judge with instructions.
FED R. CIV. P. 72(b)(3). De novo review in these circumstances requires at least a review of the
evidence before the Magistrate Judge. Hill v. Duriron Co., 656 F.2d 1208, 1215 (6th Cir. 1981).
The Court has reviewed de novo the claims and evidence presented to the Magistrate Judge; the
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Report and Recommendation itself; and Plaintiff’s Objections. After its review, the Court finds
that Magistrate Judge Berens’ Report and Recommendation is factually sound and legally correct.
The Magistrate Judge accurately recited the procedural history of this case thus far.
Plaintiff originally filed this action in the Michigan Court of Claims on September 9, 2022, against
a number of defendants, including the United States, the United States Postal Service, and a Postal
Service employee. On October 19, 2022, those defendants removed Plaintiff’s lawsuit to this court
under 28 U.S.C. §§ 1441 and 1442. Eight days later, on October 27, 2022, the Court dismissed
those defendants based upon the parties’ stipulation. (ECF No. 25). Plaintiff subsequently filed a
motion to remand this matter back to the State Court. (ECF No. 26). Five days after that, the
Magistrate Judge issued the instant Report and Recommendation that recommended the Court
remand this case back to the Michigan Court of Appeals, which is the very relief Plaintiff sought
in the motion to remand. (ECF No. 40).
Somewhat inexplicably, then, Plaintiff has filed an Objection and an Amended Objection
to the Report and Recommendation. (ECF Nos. 45 and 47). The Objections are difficult to
decipher but it appears that Plaintiff does not necessarily object to remanding this matter. Rather
she objects, using at times strong language, to the time that has elapsed since she filed her motion
on October 27, 2022 (less than one month ago). See ECF No. 47, PageID.1736 (I asked that a
conference be set for the reason as to why a remand has not happened[.] . . . The case should have
been remanded back . . . after the party was removed and the order granting the removal was
signed[.]”); Id. at PageID.1754 (“I made sure I listed EVERYTHING you could have possibly
needed to remand my case back to State Court on October 26, 2022, and it was ignored.”).
Contrary to Plaintiff’s suggestion, her motion to remand was not ignored. The Magistrate Judge,
acting under her statutory authority in 28 U.S.C. § 636 acted expeditiously by filing the Report
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and Recommendation on the motion only five days after Plaintiff filed her motion. The time set
by statute for objections, moreover, has only recently elapsed. The undersigned has now acted on
the Report and Recommendation and the underlying motion, all in under one month since this
action was originally removed. No more need be said.
ACCORDINGLY, IT IS ORDERED that the Report and Recommendation of the
Magistrate Judge (ECF No. 40) is APPROVED and ADOPTED as the Opinion of the Court.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that this case is REMANDED to the Michigan Court of
November 21, 2022
/s/ Robert J. Jonker
ROBERT J. JONKER
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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