Clark #183908 v. Capello et al
(DISREGARD - unsigned) MEMORANDUM OPINION Denying Leave to Proceed In Forma Pauperis - Three Strikes ; signed by Judge R. Allan Edgar (EDTN Judge R. Allan Edgar, cam) Modified text on 8/4/2009 - See Entry 9 (cam).
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE WESTERN DISTRICT OF MICHIGAN NORTHERN DIVISION
MICHAEL BELIKE CLARK #183908,
) ) Plaintiff, ) ) v. ) ) GARY CAPELLO, et al. ) ) Defendants. ) ____________________________________)
Case No. 2:09-cv-145 HON. R. ALLAN EDGAR
MEMORANDUM OPINION DENYING LEAVE TO PROCEED IN FORMA PAUPERIS - THREE STRIKES Plaintiff Michael Belike Clark #183908, a prisoner incarcerated at the Marquette Branch Prison (MBP), filed a complaint pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. Plaintiff seeks leave to proceed in forma pauperis. Because Plaintiff has filed at least three lawsuits which were dismissed as frivolous, he is barred from proceeding in forma pauperis under 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g). The court will order Plaintiff to pay the $350.00 civil action filing fee within thirty days of this opinion and accompanying order, and if Plaintiff fails to do so, the court will order that his action be dismissed without prejudice. Even if the case is dismissed, Plaintiff will be responsible for payment of the $350.00 filing fee in accordance with In re Alea, 286 F.3d 378 (6th Cir. April 11, 2002). Discussion The Prison Litigation Reform Act ("PLRA"), Pub. L. No. 104-134, 110 Stat. 1321 (1996), which was enacted on April 26, 1996, amended the procedural rules governing a prisoner's request for the privilege of proceeding in forma pauperis. As the Sixth Circuit has stated, the PLRA
was "aimed at the skyrocketing numbers of claims filed by prisoners--many of which are meritless-and the corresponding burden those filings have placed on the federal courts." Hampton v. Hobbs, 106 F.3d 1281, 1286 (6th Cir. 1997). For that reason, Congress put into place economic incentives to prompt a prisoner to "stop and think" before filing a complaint. Id. For example, a prisoner is liable for the civil action filing fee, and if the prisoner qualifies to proceed in forma pauperis, the prisoner may pay the fee through partial payments as outlined in 28 U.S.C. § 1915(b). The constitutionality of the fee requirements of the PLRA has been upheld by the Sixth Circuit. Id. at 1288. In addition, another provision reinforces the "stop and think" aspect of the PLRA by preventing a prisoner from proceeding in forma pauperis when the prisoner repeatedly files meritless lawsuits. Known as the "three-strikes" rule, the provision states: In no event shall a prisoner bring a civil action or appeal a judgment in a civil action or proceeding under [the section governing proceedings in forma pauperis] if the prisoner has, on 3 or more prior occasions, while incarcerated or detained in any facility, brought an action or appeal in a court of the United States that was dismissed on the grounds that it is frivolous, malicious, or fails to state a claim upon which relief may be granted, unless the prisoner is under imminent danger of serious physical injury. 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g). The statutory restriction "[i]n no event," found in § 1915(g), is express and unequivocal. The statute does allow an exception for a prisoner who is "under imminent danger of serious physical injury." The Sixth Circuit has upheld the constitutionality of the "three-strikes" rule against arguments that it violates equal protection, the right of access to the courts, and due process, and that it constitutes a bill of attainder and is ex post facto legislation. Wilson v. Yaklich, 148 F.3d
596, 604-606 (6th Cir.), cert. denied, 525 U.S. 1139 (1999); accord Rodriguez v. Cook, 169 F.3d 1176, 1178-82 (9th Cir. 1999); Rivera v. Allin, 144 F.3d 719, 723-26 (11th Cir. 1998); Carson v. Johnson, 112 F.3d 818, 821-22 (5th Cir. 1997). Plaintiff has been an active litigant in the federal courts in Michigan. In at least three of these lawsuits, the court entered dismissals on the grounds of frivolousness. See Clark v. Wayne County, No. 2:94-cv-72424 (E.D. Mich. Sept. 14, 1994) (ord.); Clark v. Smith, No. 1:92-cv-31 (W.D. Mich. Feb. 3, 1992) (ord.); Clark v. City of Detroit, No. 2:91-cv-73892 (E.D. Mich. Nov. 6, 1991) (ord.). Although each of the dismissals were entered before enactment of the PLRA on April 26, 1996, the dismissals nevertheless count as strikes. See Wilson, 148 F.3d at 604. In addition, the court has denied plaintiff leave to proceed in forma pauperis based on 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g) on at least six prior occasions. See Clark v. Schroeder, No. 2:01-cv-90 (W.D. Mich. Sept. 25, 2001) (mem. op. & order); Clark v. Lemke, No. 1:01-cv-15 (W.D. Mich. Mar. 9, 2001) (mem. op. & order); Clark v. Palmer, No. 1:99-cv-120 (W.D. Mich. Feb. 26, 1999) (mem. op. & order); Clark v. Allen, 1:99-mc-65 (W.D. Mich. July 9, 1999) (op. & ord.); Clark v. Ball, No. 4:97-cv-87 (W.D. Mich. Jan. 9, 1998) (mem. op. & ord.); Clark v. Vidor, No. 1:97-cv-509 (W.D. Mich. July 11, 1997) (op. & ord.). Moreover, Plaintiff's allegations do not fall within the exception to the three strikes rule, because he does not allege any facts establishing that he is under imminent danger of serious physical injury.1
A lle g a tio n s that a prisoner has faced imminent danger in the past are insufficient to trigger the exception under § 1915(g). Ashley v. Dilworth, 147 F.3d 715, 717 (8th Cir. 1998); accord Banos v. O'Guin, 144 F.3d 883, 884 (5th Cir. 1 9 9 8 ) ("The plain language of the statute leads us to conclude that a prisoner with three strikes is entitled to proceed with h is action or appeal only if he is in imminent danger at the time that he seeks to file his suit in district court or seeks to p r o c e e d with his appeal or files a motion to proceed IFP."). See also Luedtke v. Bertrand, 32 F. Supp. 2d 1074, 1077 ( E .D . W is . 1999) ("[T]he exception for claims concerning an `imminent danger of serious physical injury' cannot be tr ig g e r e d solely by complaints of past abuse.")
In light of the foregoing, § 1915(g) prohibits Plaintiff from proceeding in forma pauperis in this action. Plaintiff has thirty days from the date of entry of this order to pay the entire civil action filing fee, which is $350.00. When Plaintiff pays his filing fee, the court will screen his complaint as required by 28 U.S.C. § 1915A and 42 U.S.C. § 1997e(c). If Plaintiff fails to pay the filing fee within the thirty-day period, his case will be dismissed without prejudice, but he will continue to be responsible for payment of the $350.00 filing fee. In re Alea, 286 F3d 378, 380-81 (6th Cir. 2002).
Dated: R. ALLAN EDGAR UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
SEND REMITTANCES TO THE FOLLOWING ADDRESS: Clerk, U.S. District Court 229 Federal Building 202 W. Washington St. Marquette, MI 49855 All checks or other forms of payment shall be payable to "Clerk, U.S. District Court."
Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.
Why Is My Information Online?