Alexander #731077 v. Fillion et al
ORDER ADOPTING IN PART REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION 113 re 51 : Defendant Millette's Motion to Dismiss 51 is GRANTED IN PART AND DENIED IN PART; signed by Judge Gordon J. Quist (Judge Gordon J. Quist, jmt)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE WESTERN DISTRICT OF MICHIGAN
D’ANDRE ALEXANDER #731077,
PENNY FILLION, et al.,
Case No. 2:16-CV-64
HON. GORDON J. QUIST
ORDER APPROVING AND ADOPTING IN PART
REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION
On October 18, 2017, Magistrate Judge Greeley issued a Report and Recommendation (R
& R) recommending that the Court grant in part and deny in part Defendant Millette’s motion to
dismiss pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 12(b)(6). In particular, the magistrate judge
recommended that the Court deny the motion with regard Plaintiff’s retaliation and Eighth
Amendment claims and grant the motion with regard to Plaintiff’s equal protection and conspiracy
claims under 42 U.S.C. § 1983. In addition, the magistrate judge recommended that the Court
dismiss Plaintiff’s state law claims against Defendant Millette. (ECF No. 113 at PageID.696.)
Plaintiff has filed an Objection to the R & R, specifically, the magistrate judge’s conclusion
that Plaintiff’s conspiracy claims should be dismissed. Plaintiff does not dispute that his § 1985
and § 1986 claims should be dismissed. He argues, however, that, as in Case No. 2:16-CV-49, the
magistrate judge should have construed Plaintiff’s complaint liberally as alleging a conspiracy
claim pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983.
Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636(b), upon receiving objections to a report and recommendation,
the district judge “shall make a de novo determination of those portions of the report or specified
proposed findings or recommendations to which objection is made.” After conducting a de novo
review of the R & R, Plaintiff’s Objection, and the pertinent portions of the record, the Court
concludes that the R & R should be adopted except with regard to the recommendation to dismiss
the conspiracy claim.
As Plaintiff correctly notes, in Case No. 2:16-CV-49, the magistrate judge concluded that
Plaintiff’s claim under 42 U.S.C. § 1985(3) should be dismissed. However, the magistrate judge
further observed that because Plaintiff is pro se, his pleading must be construed liberally, and that
his conspiracy claim should be construed as one under § 1983. See Case No. 2:16-CV-49 (ECF
No. 75 at PageID.444–45). Applying the same analysis to Plaintiff’s instant complaint, the Court
construes Plaintiff’s conspiracy claim as arising under § 1983. In addition, based on its review of
Plaintiff’s allegations in his complaint, the Court concludes that, at least for purposes of a motion
to dismiss, Plaintiff has alleged sufficient facts about a conspiracy to deprive him of medical care
to survive a motion to dismiss. See Hensley v. Gassman, 693 F.3d 681, 695 (6th Cir. 2012).
IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that the October 18, 2017, Report and Recommendation
(ECF No. 113) is adopted in part as the Opinion of the Court.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that Defendant Millette’s Motion to Dismiss (ECF No. 51)
is GRANTED IN PART AND DENIED IN PART. The motion is DENIED with regard to
Plaintiff’s First Amendment retaliation and Eighth Amendment claims and Plaintiff’s conspiracy
claim under § 1983. The motion is GRANTED with regard to equal protection claims, his claims
under 42 U.S.C. §§ 1985 and 1986, and his state-law claims.
Dated: January 9, 2018
/s/ Gordon J. Quist
GORDON J. QUIST
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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