Harris #447304 v. Ruprecht et al
ORDER ADOPTING REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION 30 ; Plaintiff's motion for order 27 is denied, Defendants' motion for summary judgment 18 is granted; signed by Judge Gordon J. Quist (jas)
Case 2:19-cv-00121-GJQ-MV ECF No. 33, PageID.319 Filed 09/07/21 Page 1 of 3
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE WESTERN DISTRICT OF MICHIGAN
ISSAC DECRAIS HARRIS #447304,
Case No. 2:19-CV-121
HON. GORDON J. QUIST
THOMAS RUPRECHT, et al.,
ORDER ADOPTING REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION
This is a civil rights action brought by state prisoner, Issac Decrais Harris, pursuant to 42
U.S.C. § 1983. On July 30, 2021, U.S. Magistrate Judge Maarten Vermaat issued a Report and
Recommendation (R & R), recommending that the Court grant Defendants’ motion for summary
judgment and deny Harris’ “motion in support of affidavit of perjury.” (ECF No. 30.) Harris has
filed objections. (ECF No. 31.)
Upon receiving objections to the R & R, the district judge “shall make a de novo
determination of those portions of the report or specified proposed findings or recommendations
to which objection is made.” 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1). This Court may accept, reject, or modify any
or all of the magistrate judge’s findings or recommendations. 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1); Fed. R. Civ.
P. 72(b). After conducting a de novo review of the R & R, the objections, and the pertinent portions
of the record, the Court concludes that the R & R should be adopted.
Harris’ deliberate indifference and retaliation claims arise from his alleged inadequate
dental care. He alleges that Defendants, Dr. Ruprecht, DDS, and Dental Assistant Sadak, refused
Case 2:19-cv-00121-GJQ-MV ECF No. 33, PageID.320 Filed 09/07/21 Page 2 of 3
to provide him pain medication and a liquid diet. Harris further alleges that Defendants’ conduct
was motivated by one of Harris’ grievances.
The magistrate judge carefully reviewed the medical record and determined that Harris’
deliberate indifference claims failed because there was no evidence that either Defendant acted
with a culpable state of mind as required under the subjective prong of the deliberate indifference
test. As to the liquid diet, the record indicates that numerous medical professionals including Dr.
Ruprecht and another dentist, (see ECF No. 19-7 at PageID.142-143), did not believe that a liquid
diet was medically necessary. Although another nurse may have thought that Harris should have
received a liquid diet, such a disagreement amounts to a difference in opinion and does not rise to
the level of a constitutional violation. See Rhinehart v. Scutt, 894 F.3d 721, 744 (6th Cir. 2018)
(“A disagreement with a course of medical treatment does not rise to the level of a federal
constitutional claim under the Eighth Amendment.”).
As to the pain medication, the record indicates that Harris received pain medication on
multiple occasions from Defendants and other medical professionals. Harris has not submitted any
admissible evidence that either Defendant denied any request for pain medication. His conclusory
statements that Defendants denied or continued to deny pain medication—without more—is
insufficient.1 In his objections, Harris claims that he did not receive pain medication as many
times as the magistrate judge concluded, but Harris has failed to submit admissible evidence to
create a question of fact. Each time Harris made a request, the medical records establish that Harris
was either examined by a medical professional or received appropriate medical treatment after
The Court notes that Harris’ purported declaration in his response and objections does not comply with 28 U.S.C. §
1746(2) because he added to words “to my knowledge” and “to the best of my knowledge.” See Bragg v. Staff, No.
1:16-cv-1271, 2019 WL 5273761, at *5 (W.D. Mich. July 23, 2019), report and recommendation adopted, 2019 WL
4409486 (W.D. Mich. Sept. 16, 2019) (declining to consider declarations from two witnesses because they were
limited “to the best of [the declarant’s] information, knowledge and belief.”).
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further consultation with a medical professional. In sum, the undisputed record establishes that
Harris received adequate dental care and treatment and that he received pain medication on
multiple occasions between September 13 and October 19, 2017.
Similarly, the magistrate judge determined that Harris’ retaliation claims based on his
alleged inadequate dental care failed because (1) there is no evidence that either Defendant denied
any request for pain medication and therefore neither Defendant took an adverse act against Harris,
and (2) there is no evidence that the denial of the liquid diet was motivated by protected conduct.
For the same reasons discussed above, Harris has failed to submit admissible evidence showing
that a question of fact exists as to either of these findings.
Finally, the magistrate judge recommended that the Court decline to exercise supplemental
jurisdiction over Harris’ state law claims. Harris claims that his state law claims “should stand.”
(ECF No. 31 at PageID.285.) The Court finds no error in the magistrate judges’ recommendation.
Accordingly, IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that the July 30, 2021, Report and
Recommendation (ECF No. 30) is adopted as the Opinion of the Court.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that Defendants’ motion for summary judgment (ECF No.
18) is GRANTED and Harris’ “motion in support of affidavit of perjury” (ECF No. 27) is
DENIED for the reasons set forth in the R & R.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that Harris’ federal claims are dismissed with prejudice.
Harris’ state law claims are dismissed without prejudice.
This case is concluded.
A separate judgment will enter.
Dated: September 7, 2021
/s/ Gordon J. Quist
GORDON J. QUIST
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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