Doe et al v. Osseo Area School District, ISD No. 279
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER denying 33 Plaintiffs' Motion for Summary Judgment; granting 17 Defendant's Motion for Summary Judgment (Written Opinion). Signed by Judge Ann D. Montgomery on 10/31/2017. (TLU)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
DISTRICT OF MINNESOTA
Jane Doe, John Doe, and Minor Doe, by and through his
Legal Guardians, Jane Doe and John Doe,
Civil No. 17-1223 ADM/DTS
Osseo Area School District, ISD No. 279,
Andrea L. Jepsen, Esq., School Law Center, LLC, St. Paul, MN, on behalf of Plaintiffs.
Peter A. Martin, Esq., Knutson, Flynn & Deans, PA, Mendota Heights, MN, on behalf of
On September 14, 2017, the undersigned United States District Judge heard oral
argument on Defendant Osseo Area School District, ISD No. 279’s (“Osseo” or the “School
District”) Motion for Summary Judgment [Docket No. 17], and Plaintiffs Jane Doe, John Doe,
and Minor Doe, by and through his Legal Guardians, Jane Doe and John Doe’s (collectively,
“Plaintiffs”) Motion for Summary Judgment [Docket No. 33]. For the reasons set forth below,
Plaintiffs’ Motion is denied and Defendant’s Motion is granted.
A. Graffiti Discovered on November 9, 2016
Around 12:45 p.m. on November 9, 2016, a student discovered racist graffiti written in
whiteout on an inside stall door and toilet paper dispenser in a boys’ bathroom at Maple Grove
Senior High (the “School”). Vernig Decl. [Docket No. 19] ¶ 3; Kenney Decl. Ex. 1 [Docket No.
25] (“Hr’g Tr.”) at 46:2–8. The graffiti included “#Gobacktoafrica,” “#whitesonly,”
“#whiteamerica,” and other racist, hostile phrases. Vernig. Decl. ¶ 3.
Assistant Principal Naida Grussing-Neitzel (“Grussing-Neitzel”) learned about the
graffiti from a student management specialist. Hr’g Tr. 127:11–13. Grussing-Neitzel directed
that the bathroom with the graffiti be locked, and that the rest of the school’s bathrooms and
locker rooms be checked for possible graffiti. Id. 129:13–130:3.
The presence of the graffiti spread quickly among the students through social media
causing significant tension. Id. 130:14–20; 217:10–17. The School staff was fully occupied
responding to distraught and concerned students. Id. 130: 7–12. The School was also fielding
an “avalanche of calls” about the graffiti, including over 19 media inquiries within a few hours
after the graffiti was discovered. Id. 130:7–20; 217:25–218–3; 258:3–15.
B. The School’s Investigation
Because of the large number of black students enrolled at the School, Grussing-Neitzel
determined that the graffiti posed a student safety issue. Id. 130:21–131:4. She quickly initiated
an investigation to discover the responsible student. Id. 131:5–8.
After reviewing the security camera footage, Grussing-Neitzel and her administrative
team surmised the graffiti had to have been written between 11:18 a.m. and 12:05 p.m. Id.
132:2–133:12. The security footage was also used to identify students who were in the bathroom
for an extended period of time between 11:18 a.m. and 12:05 p.m. Id. 131:22–132:1. The film
review led the investigation to focus on two suspects, Plaintiff Minor Doe was one of those
suspects. Id. 136:6–19.
Grussing-Neitzel and another assistant principal interviewed Minor Doe the following
afternoon. Id. 144:11–23. Minor Doe explained his presence in the bathroom on the security
film by saying he left class and went to the bathroom to address a bloody nose. Id.
144:25–145:2. Minor Doe denied going into the stall where the graffiti was written, claiming
that he stayed in front of the large mirror by the sinks the entire time he was in the bathroom. Id.
145:18–147:3. Minor Doe then allowed Grussing-Neitzel to search his backpack. Id. 147:4–17.
Grussing-Neitzel discovered that Minor Doe was carrying a whiteout pen and a purple binder
with “K.L.U.R.P.” written on it in whiteout. Id. 147:4–17. Minor Doe explained that
“K.L.U.R.P.” was a “PlayStation group” and that some of his female classmates in his fourth
period English class wrote it on his binder. Id. 148:18–149:11. Grussing-Neitzel suspended
Minor Doe for five days based on the information from the security footage and the items
discovered in his backpack. Id. 152:4–12. During Minor Doe’s suspension, the School’s
investigation continued. Id. 153:21–154:3.
Assistant Principal Josie Johnson (“Johnson”) interviewed all of the girls in Minor Doe’s
English class to corroborate Minor Doe’s story about “K.L.U.R.P.” Id. 155:24–156:4. The girls
all denied writing anything on Minor Doe’s binder. Id. 156:7–10. Two or three girls reported
seeing Minor Doe write with whiteout on folders during class. Id. 156:11–13.
Grussing-Neitzel, Johnson, and other School officials interviewed every student observed
entering the bathroom between 11:18 a.m. and 12:13 p.m.1 Id. 156:24–157:12. No student
reported seeing another student in the bathroom with a bloody nose. Id. 231:2–9. Security
footage also showed Minor Doe casually walking to bathroom without holding his nose, which
The relevant time frame specified here differs slightly from the time frame discussed
earlier for reasons immaterial to this Motion.
was contrary to Minor Doe’s statement that he had to leave class in a hurry because he had a
bloody nose. Id. 233:4–16. The School concluded that Minor Doe’s story “fell apart.” Id.
On Friday, November 18, the School determined that Minor Doe wrote the racist graffiti
in the bathroom and initiated expulsion proceedings. Id. 159:9–160:11; 182:19–23;
C. Minor Doe
In April 2016, approximately seven months before the graffiti incident, the School
provided Minor Doe with an educational plan pursuant to Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act.
Doe Aff. Ex. 1 [Docket No. 37] (“Section 504 Plan”). Minor Doe has been diagnosed with
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (“ADHD”), Major Depressive Disorder, and Post
Traumatic Stress Disorder. Id. His Section 504 Plan states that he lacks confidence in his
academic abilities and struggles with self-advocacy and organization. Id. The Section 504 Plan
accommodates Minor Doe by: 1) scheduling his classes in a manner to ensure continuity of
teachers, 2) having a counselor check-in to provide academic support, 3) providing additional
time to complete assignments, and 4) breaking down longer assignments into smaller parts. Id.
Minor Doe has not received services under the Individuals with Disabilities Education
D. The November 21, 2016 Meeting
Because Minor Doe was a Section 504 student, the School District was required to follow
The other student preliminarily identified as a suspect was also interviewed. After the
interview, the School concluded that Minor Doe was solely responsible for the graffiti. Id.
certain procedures prior to expulsion. On November 21, 2016, the School convened a meeting
of Minor Doe’s Section 504 Team to conduct a “Section 504 Manifestation Determination.”
Emmons Decl. [Docket No. 20] Ex. 1. The purpose of the meeting was to determine whether
“Minor Doe’s conduct was caused by Minor Doe’s Section 504 disabilities.” Emmons Decl. ¶ 4.
Kate Emmons (“Emmons”), the School District’s Director of Student Services, directed
the meeting, which was attended by Minor Doe’s guardians and their attorney, the School’s
Principal and Assistant Principal, Minor Doe’s math teacher, a School counselor, and the School
District’s legal counsel. Emmons Decl. ¶ 5. The School principal reviewed the disciplinary
incident, explaining that Minor Doe committed vandalism and violated racial harassment
policies by using whiteout to write racial slurs in a boys’ bathroom. Id. ¶ 7. The group then
reviewed and discussed Minor Doe’s: 1) Section 504 Plan; 2) diagnostic report from a therapist
working with him; 3) his overall academic performance; 4) classroom observations from his
math teacher; 5) current graduation requirements; and 6) background before being enrolled at the
School. Id. ¶ 9.
After reviewing this information, the School personnel determined that Minor Doe’s
disabilities as identified on his Section 504 Plan did not cause him to write the racist graffiti in
the bathroom. Id. ¶ 10. Minor Doe’s guardians and their attorney disagreed with that
determination and believed that Minor Doe’s disability was the cause of the misconduct. Id.
Shortly after the meeting, District-Level Principal Sara Vernig (“Vernig”), who was not
present for the meeting itself, and the School District’s attorney met with Minor Doe’s guardians
and their attorney. Vernig Decl. ¶ 6. Vernig explained that because of the determination that
Minor Doe’s behavior was not a manifestation of his Section 504 disabilities, she needed to
discuss the discipline-related options available to Minor Doe’s guardians. Id. ¶ 7. Vernig
offered several options to Minor Doe’s guardians to avoid expulsion proceedings. Id. ¶¶ 8, 9.
Minor Doe’s guardians did not agree to any of the proposed options, but continued to challenge
the School’s conclusion that Minor Doe engaged in the offensive conduct. Id. ¶ 10. At the end
of this meeting, Minor Doe’s guardians requested the School District send them the expulsion
hearing notice so they could evaluate whether to accept one of the School District’s offers of
alternative educational services at another secondary school. Id. ¶ 10.
E. The December 20, 2016 Expulsion Hearing
The School District sent an expulsion hearing notice to Minor Doe’s guardians on
December 1, 2016. Id. ¶ 12. Prior to the hearing, Minor Doe’s guardians did not agree to the
School District’s offers to avoid expulsion, insisting that Minor Doe be allowed to return to
School. Id. Due to the severity of the incident and it causing school-wide disruption as well as
concerns for Minor Doe’s safety, the School District did not permit Minor Doe to return to
The expulsion hearing was held on December 20, 2016, before an independent hearing
officer. Id. ¶ 13; Hr’g Tr. 1:8–12. The hearing officer heard testimony from 11 witnesses for the
School District and received 30 exhibits, 29 of which were offered by the School District. Id.
3:7–4:19; 5:6–7:17. No witness testified on behalf of Minor Doe.
The hearing officer concluded that “there is no doubt that [Minor Doe] was responsible
for writing the graffiti on the Maple Grove High School bathroom stall door and toilet paper
dispenser.” Kenney Decl. Ex. 3 [Docket No. 27] at 50. The hearing officer recommended that
Minor Doe be expelled from the School for 12 months. Id. at 60.
F. The School District Passes a Resolution Expelling Minor Doe
On December 27, 2016, the School District convened a special meeting of the School
Board. Kenney Decl. Ex. 4 [Docket No. 28]. The School Board members present at the meeting
unanimously agreed to expel Minor Doe for 12 months, effective December 7, 2016. Id. Minor
Doe’s guardians did not appeal the expulsion decision to the Minnesota Department of
G. The Lawsuit
The Amended Complaint [Docket No. 4] alleges that the School District violated Section
504 of the Rehabilitation Act by expelling Minor Doe “without first conducting a reevaluation of
the kind specified in Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act.” ¶ 74. Plaintiffs further allege that
the School District violated Minor Doe’s rights under Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act “by
“applying an unlawfully high standard to determine whether Defendant was obligated to
accommodate Minor Doe’s disability.” Id. ¶ 81.3 Plaintiffs seek an order restoring Minor Doe’s
enrollment at the School.
Both parties have moved for summary judgment.
A. Summary Judgment Standard
Rule 56(a) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure provides that summary judgment shall
be rendered if there exists no genuine issue as to any material fact and the moving party is
entitled to judgment as a matter of law. On a motion for summary judgment, the court views the
Plaintiffs additionally alleged that the School District violated Minor Doe’s
constitutional rights, but those claims have been withdrawn. See Mem. Opp’n [Docket No. 40]
evidence in the light most favorable to the nonmoving party. Ludwig v. Anderson, 54 F.3d 465,
470 (8th Cir. 1995). However, the nonmoving party may not “rest on mere allegations or denials
but must demonstrate on the record the existence of specific facts which create a genuine issue
for trial.” Krenik v. Cty. of Le Sueur, 47 F.3d 953, 957 (8th Cir. 1995).
If evidence sufficient to permit a reasonable jury to return a verdict in favor of the
nonmoving party has been presented, summary judgment is inappropriate. Id. However, “the
mere existence of some alleged factual dispute between the parties is not sufficient by itself to
deny summary judgment. . . . Instead, ‘the dispute must be outcome determinative under
prevailing law.’” Get Away Club, Inc. v. Coleman, 969 F.2d 664, 666 (8th Cir. 1992) (citation
omitted). “[S]ummary judgment need not be denied merely to satisfy a litigant’s speculative
hope of finding some evidence that might tend to support a complaint.” Krenik, 47 F.3d at 959.
On summary judgment, “[t]he moving party bears the burden to demonstrate that there is
no issue of material fact. The plaintiff may not then simply point to allegations made in her
complaint but must identify and provide evidence of ‘specific facts creating a triable
controversy.’” Howard v. Columbia Pub. Sch. Dist., 363 F.3d 797, 800 (8th Cir. 2004) (quoting
Jaurequi v. Carter Mfg. Co., 173 F.3d 1076, 1085 (8th Cir. 1999)).
B. Legal Framework
Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (“Section 504”) prohibits a federallyfunded program from discriminating against a disabled individual solely by reason of that
person’s disability. 29 U.S.C. § 794(a). The parties do not dispute that the School District
qualifies as a “federally-funded program,” and that Minor Doe qualifies as a “disabled
Section 504 does not guarantee any explicit procedural rights. Power ex rel. Power v.
Sch. Bd. of City of Va. Beach, 276 F. Supp. 2d 515, 519 (E.D. Va. 2003). Instead, 34 C.F.R.
§ 104.36 requires qualifying educational facilities to
establish and implement, with respect to actions regarding the
identification, evaluation, or educational placement of persons who,
because of handicap, need or are believed to need special instruction
or related services, a system of procedural safeguards that includes
notice, an opportunity for the parents or guardian of the person to
examine relevant records, an impartial hearing with opportunity for
participation by the person’s parents or guardian and representation
by counsel, and a review procedure.
34 C.F.R. § 104.36. Collectively, these protections are referred to as a “Section 504 hearing.”
K.U. v. Alvin Indep. Sch. Dist., No. 98-40203, 1998 WL 912198, at *1 & n.1 (5th Cir. Dec. 18,
1998) (unpublished); R.J. v. McKinney Indep. Sch. Dist., No. 05-257, 2005 WL 3576839, at *1
(E.D. Tex. Dec. 29, 2005).
Section 504 hearing protections can be complied with by use of the procedural
safeguards of the IDEA. See 34 C.F.R. § 104.36 (“[c]ompliance with the procedural safeguards
of section 615 of the Education of the Handicapped Act [now the IDEA]5 is one means of
meeting [the Section 504 hearing] requirement.”).
The parties also appear to agree that Minor Doe’s claims implicate the Americans with
Disabilities Act (“ADA”) despite the Amended Complaint reciting only the ADA in its
jurisdictional statement. Am. Compl. ¶ 5. However, since the ADA is “similar in substance to
the Rehabilitation Act, and ‘cases interpreting either are applicable and interchangeable,’” the
Amended Complaint’s silence with regard to the ADA is immaterial. Wojewski v. Rapid City
Reg’l Hosp., Inc., 450 F.3d 338, 344 (8th Cir. 2006).
The Education of the Handicapped Act, Pub. L. No. 94–1142, codified at 20 U.S.C.
§ 1415, was the statutory predecessor to the IDEA.
Under the IDEA,
(1) Within 10 school days of any decision to change the placement of
a child with a disability because of a violation of a code of student
conduct, the [local educational agency], the parent, and relevant
members of the child’s IEP Team (as determined by the parent and
the [local educational agency] ) must review all relevant information
in the student’s file, including the child’s IEP, any teacher
observations, and any relevant information provided by the parents
(i) If the conduct in question was caused by, or had a direct and
substantial relationship to, the child’s disability; or
(ii) If the conduct in question was the direct result of the [local
educational agency’s] failure to implement the IEP.
34 C.F.R. § 300.530(e). This determination is called a manifestation determination. Id.
C. The November 21, 2016 Meeting Satisfied Section 504
Plaintiffs argue that in the November 21, 2016 meeting, the School District considered
only whether Minor Doe’s behavior was caused by his disability, instead of whether it was
related to or connected to his disability. According to Plaintiffs, the former standard is part of
the IDEA, while the latter standard is part of Section 504 and the ADA. Plaintiffs contend that
the School District’s use of the higher “caused by” standard is not supportable and has no
foundation in the law.
The School District argues that Section 504 does not set forth explicit procedural
requirements for Section 504 students. Instead, Section 504 demands covered entities establish
certain procedural guarantees, which may be satisfied by utilizing protections specified in the
IDEA. The School District also argues that the causation standard it applied mirrors interpretive
guidance issued by the Office of Civil Rights (“OCR”), the sub-agency of the U.S. Department
of Education primarily responsible for protecting civil rights in education programs.
The standard applied by the School District comports with the standard used in other
school discipline cases. For example, in the very similar case of J.M. v. Liberty Union High
Sch. Dist., No. 2017 WL 2118344 (N.D. Cal. May 16, 2017), a student was eligible for a Section
504 plan due to his ADHD diagnosis. Id. at *1. The student was in an altercation with another
student, and the school initiated expulsion proceedings. Id. The school district first considered
whether the “conduct in the altercation was caused by or had a direct and substantial relationship
to [the student’s] ADHD.” Id. (quotation marks omitted). The school district concluded that it
did not. Id. In federal court, the student argued that the school violated Section 504 “by
applying the incorrect legal standard in making a manifestation determination.” Id. at *4. The
student alleged that “the correct legal standard is not whether the student’s behavior was caused
by or had a direct and substantial relationship to his disability, . . . but simply whether the
behavior bears a relationship to the disability.” Id. The court rejected this argument by noting
that the school’s manifestation determination procedures mirrored the IDEA, and that 34 C.F.R.
§ 104.36 provides that compliance with the procedural safeguards of the IDEA is one way of
satisfying the requirements of Section 504. Id. at *4–5.
Similarly, in Power, the school sought to expel a Section 504 student for bringing a pellet
gun to school. 276 F. Supp. at 516–17. The school’s guidelines provided that prior to
disciplining a Section 504 student, the school had to determine “whether the behavior at issue
resulted from the student’s qualifying disability.” Id. at 517. Although the causation standard
was not directly being challenged like it is here, the court in Power observed that compliance
with the procedural system set forth in the IDEA is one way of satisfying Section 504. Id. at 519
In arguing for a less stringent standard, Plaintiffs cite cases involving workplace
disability discrimination under the ADA, workplace discrimination under the Rehabilitation Act,
and housing discrimination under the Fair Housing Act. See, e.g., Wood v. Crown Redi-Mix,
Inc., 339 F.3d 682, 683 (8th Cir. 2003) (involving workplace discrimination under the ADA);
Peebles v. Potter, 354 F.3d 761, 764 (8th Cir. 2004) (involving workplace discrimination under
the Rehabilitation Act); Shapiro v. Cadman Towers, Inc., 51 F.3d 328, 334 (2d Cir. 1995)
(involving housing discrimination under the Fair Housing Act).
School discipline cases support the “caused by” standard applied by the School District.
Further, the OCR has long utilized a causation standard that aligns with this standard. OCR has
advised that, under Section 504, prior to implementing an exclusion that constitutes a significant
change in placement, the first step is to determine “whether the misconduct is caused by the
child’s handicapped condition.” OCR Memorandum - Long-Term Suspension of Expulsion of
Handicapped Students, 307 IDELR 05 (OCR 1988). The OCR utilizes this “caused by” standard
in its decisions. See, e.g., Prince William Cty. (VA) Pub. Schs., 68 IDELR 286 (OCR 2016)
(“When a significant change in placement is for disciplinary reasons, the first step in the
reevaluation is to determine whether the student’s disability caused the misconduct.”); E. Detroit
Pub. Schs., 116 LRP 29008 (OCR 2015) (same).6
Plaintiffs dispute the persuasive force of the OCR decisions by arguing that they either
conflict with controlling case law or they should not be afforded deference. Plaintiffs’ attempt to
sidestep OCR authority is unavailing. First, contrary to Plaintiffs’ contention, the causation
These decisions, as well as the OCR Memorandum - Long-Term Suspension of
Expulsion of Handicapped Students, are Exhibits to the Martin Declaration [Docket No. 45].
standard for determining whether student misconduct was a manifestation of the student’s
disability is not imported from employment or housing discrimination cases. Plaintiffs do not
cite any Section 504 student discipline case utilizing the causation standard they argue that the
School District was required to apply. Second, the Supreme Court has held that an agency’s
interpretation of its own regulations is entitled to “substantial deference.” Thomas Jefferson
Univ. v. Shalala, 512 U.S. 504, 512 (1994). The OCR is the enforcement agency with the United
States Department of Education tasked with ensuring that educational facilities receiving federal
funds do not engage in discrimination. 20 U.S.C. § 3413; 34 C.F.R. § 104.1. The OCR enforces
Section 504 through the regulations, as well as enforcing Title II of the ADA in education
systems and institutions. See 28 C.F.R. § 35.190(a)(2). Therefore, the OCR decisions cited by
the School District are entitled to at least some deference, further underscoring the legality of the
causation standard used by the School District in the November 21, 2016 meeting. See United
States v. Mead Corp., 533 U.S. 218, 234–35 (2001) (citing cases holding that reasonable agency
interpretations merit at least some degree of deference).
In sum, the School District did not violate Section 504 by using a “caused by” standard in
the November 21, 2016 meeting.7
Plaintiffs additionally fail to explain why this case does not require proving that the
School District acted in bad faith or with gross misjudgment. See B.M. ex rel. Miller v. S.
Callaway R-II Sch. Dist., 732 F.3d 882, 887 (8th Cir. 2013) (“We have consistently held that
where alleged ADA and § 504 violations are based on educational services for disabled children,
the plaintiff must prove that school officials acted in bad faith or with gross misjudgment.”
(quotation marks and alteration omitted)). The record does not reflect any bad faith or gross
misjudgment by the School District.
D. The District was not Required to Undertake a Complete Reevaluation Prior to
Initiating Expulsion Proceedings
Plaintiffs argue that the November 21, 2016 meeting failed to satisfy the reevaluation
procedure Section 504 requires prior to initiating any significant change in placement. Plaintiffs
contend that since expulsion is a “significant change in placement,” the School District must
have performed a reevaluation that satisfies the contours of 34 C.F.R. § 104.35(b). The School
District responds that nothing in Section 504 or its implementing regulations expressly requires a
full reevaluation under § 104.35 for a student subject to a disciplinary change of placement.
Under 34 C.F.R. § 104.35, the School District is required to perform
an evaluation in accordance with the requirements of paragraph (b)
of this section of any person who, because of handicap, needs or is
believed to need special education or related services before taking
any action with respect to the initial placement of the person in
regular or special education and any subsequent significant change
34 C.F.R. § 104.35(a). Subsection (b) requires the School District to “establish standards and
procedures for the evaluation and placement of persons who, because of handicap, need or are
believed to need special education or related services.” Id. § 104.35(b).
As noted above, abiding by IDEA procedures is one approved method for complying
with the requirements of Section 504. Under the IDEA, if a student who receives services
violates a code of student conduct, and the subsequent disciplinary change in placement would
exceed 10 consecutive school days, the school may discipline the student in the same manner as
a non-services receiving student “if the behavior that gave rise to the violation of the school code
is determined not to be a manifestation of the child’s disability.” 34 C.F.R. § 300.530(c). Under
this regulation, determining whether the behavior that gave rise to the violation is a
manifestation of the student’s disability demands that the school, parent, and the relevant
members of the child’s IEP Team, “review all relevant information in the student’s file,
including the child’s IEP, any teacher observations, and any relevant information provided by
the parents.” Id. § 300.530(e)(1).
In Doe v. Board of Education of Oak Park & River Forest High School District 200, the
Seventh Circuit confronted the same argument Plaintiffs raise here, that is, whether 34 C.F.R.
§ 104.35(a) compels a full evaluation prior to expulsion. 115 F.3d 1273, 1280 n.5 (7th Cir.
1997). The Seventh Circuit disagreed, holding that since the school properly determined that
student’s misconduct was unrelated to his learning disability, the school did not violate Section
504 by failing to preform the full reevaluation § 104.35(a) describes. Id. The Seventh Circuit
concluded this point by stating that the “Rehabilitation Act should not be read to protect [the
plaintiff] from the consequences of such misconduct.” Id.
In this case, the School District concluded that Minor Doe’s vandalism in writing racist
graffiti was not caused by his disability. Consistent with the reasoning in Doe, once this
determination was made, the School District was not required to complete a Section 504
evaluation prior to expelling Minor Doe.
Based on the foregoing, and all the files, records and proceedings herein, IT IS
HEREBY ORDERED that Defendant Osseo Area School District, ISD No. 279’s Motion for
Summary Judgment [Docket No. 17] is GRANTED, and Plaintiffs Jane Doe, John Doe, and
Minor Doe, by and through his Legal Guardians, Jane Doe and John Doe’s Motion for Summary
Judgment [Docket No. 33] is DENIED.
LET JUDGMENT BE ENTERED ACCORDINGLY
BY THE COURT:
s/Ann D. Montgomery
ANN D. MONTGOMERY
U.S. DISTRICT JUDGE
Dated: October 31, 2017.
Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.
Why Is My Information Online?