IN RE PORK ANTITRUST LITIGATION
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER OVERRULING CERTAIN PLAINTIFFS' OBJECTIONS 1689 TO MAGISTRATE JUDGE'S DECEMBER 9, 2022 ORDER. (Written Opinion) Signed by Judge John R. Tunheim on 1/17/2023. (KKM)
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UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
DISTRICT OF MINNESOTA
IN RE PORK ANTITRUST LITIGATION
This Document Relates To:
Civil No. 18-1776 (JRT/JFD)
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER
OVERRULING CERTAIN PLAINTIFFS’
OBJECTIONS TO MAGISTRATE JUDGE’S
DECEMBER 9, 2022 ORDER
Certain Plaintiffs 1 (“Moving Plaintiffs”) in this case filed a motion to compel
Defendant JBS USA Food Company (“JBS”) to provide testimony on certain topics. The
Magistrate Judge denied the motion to compel orally at the end of the hearing, finding
that the motion was untimely, disproportionate, and that the parties had failed to meet
and confer on the matter. The Cout now considers Moving Plaintiffs’ objection to the
The Motion to Compel was filed by the Direct Action Plaintiffs Sysco Corporation and
Amory Investments LLC, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, all of which objected to the
Magistrate Judge’s corresponding decision. (Mot. Compel, Nov. 14, 2022, Docket No. 1593; Objs.
Magistrate’s Dec. 9, 2022 Order, Dec. 23, 2022, Docket No. 1689.) Direct Action Plaintiffs
McDonald’s Corporation; Aramark Food and Support Services Group, Inc.; Target Corporation;
Quality Supply Chain Co-Op, Inc.; Sherwood Food Distributors, L.L.C.; Harvest Meat Company,
Inc.; Western Boxed Meat Distributors, Inc.; Hamilton Meat, LLC; Jetro Holdings, LLC; BJ’s
Wholesale Club, Inc.; Kraft Heinz Foods Company; Dollar General Corporation; Raley’s; Compass
Group USA, Inc.; Conagra Brands, Inc.; Howard B. Samuels, solely as Chapter 7 Trustee of the
estate of Central Grocers, Inc.; Nestlé USA, Inc.; and Nestlé Purina PetCare Co. have since joined
Sysco Corporation and Amory Investments LLC’s objection. (Certain Direct Action Pls.’ Joinder in
Moving Pls.’ Obj. Magistrate’s Dec. 9, 2022 Order, Dec. 29, 2022, Docket No. 1709.)
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Magistrate Judge’s decision. Because the Cout finds that the Magistrate Judge’s decision
was not clearly erroneous or contrary to law, it will overrule the objection.
MOTION TO COMPEL
Plaintiffs in this action served JBS with Notice of a Federal Rule of Civil Procedure
30(b)(6) Deposition on September 14, 2022. (Decl. Michael S. Mitchell (“Mitchell Decl.”),
Ex. A, at 2, Nov. 14, 2022, Docket No. 1596-1.) Among other topics, the Notice indicated
that JBS should provide a corporate representative to speak to its policies and codes of
conduct related to antitrust laws (Topic 20) and corresponding written policies (Topic 23).
(Mitchell Decl., Ex. A, at 11.) JBS objected to the topics on various grounds and indicated
that it would not provide a corporate designee to testify on those topics. (Mitchell Decl.,
Ex. B, at 13–14, Nov. 14, 2022, Docket No. 1596-2.)
The parties met and conferred by telephone on September 22, 2022, regarding
topics for the 30(b)(6) deposition, but did not discuss Topics 20 and 23. (Mitchell Decl.,
Ex. D, at 4, Nov. 14, 2022, Docket No. 1596-4.) After the call, Moving Plaintiffs informed
JBS that they planned to file a motion to compel “assuming JBS maintains its objections
and its refusal to provide a corporate designee” for those topics. (Id. at 2.) JBS did not
respond, other than to reassert that it would not provide a corporate designee on either
topic. (Mitchell Decl., Ex. E, at 14–15, Nov. 14, 2022, Docket No. 1596-5.)
Accordingly, Moving Plaintiffs filed a motion to compel JBS to provide testimony
for Topics 20 and 23 on November 14, 2022, which JBS opposed. (Mot. Compel, Nov. 14,
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2022, Docket No. 1593; Opp. Mot. Compel, Dec. 2, 2022, Docket No. 1654.) Magistrate
Judge John Docherty held a hearing on the motion on December 9, 2022. (See generally
Hr’g Tr., Dec. 15, 2022, Docket No. 1680.) At the end of the hearing, Judge Docherty orally
denied the Moving Plaintiffs’ motion to compel. (Id. at 29:14–16.)
Judge Docherty considered the motion’s untimeliness in making his decision. (Id.
29:17–31:18.) Though the deadline for nondispositive motions was originally November
14, 2022, an order from the Court moved that deadline up to October 31, 2022. (Id.
31:12–18.) Therefore, Judge Docherty determined the Moving Plaintiffs were untimely in
filing their motion to compel on November 14. Judge Docherty also considered the
parties’ failure to meet and confer on the matter. (Id. 31:19–32:6.) Lastly, Judge Docherty
briefly mentioned proportionality and noted that the fact that other Direct Action
Plaintiffs had not joined the motion suggests that the motion to compel was not
proportional to the needs of the case. (Id. 32:7–22.)
The Moving Plaintiffs filed an objection to the Magistrate Judge’s decision on
December 23, 2022. (Objs. Magistrate’s Dec. 9, 2022 Order, Dec. 23, 2022, Docket No.
1689.) Moving Plaintiffs argue that Judge Docherty’s order was clearly erroneous and
contrary to law because the motion to compel was timely, satisfied the meet and confer
requirement, and was proportional to the needs of the case. (See generally id.) Certain
other Direct Action Plaintiffs then joined the Moving Plaintiffs’ objection to Judge
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Docherty’s order, specifically to refute Judge Docherty’s suggestion that the motion to
compel was disproportionate since they had not previously joined. (Certain Direct Action
Pls.’ Joinder in Moving Pls.’ Obj. Magistrate’s Dec. 9, 2022 Order, Dec. 29, 2022, Docket
JBS urges the Court to sustain Judge Docherty’s order.
Magistrate’s Dec. 9, 2022 Order Den. Mot. Compel, Jan. 6, 2023, Docket No. 1728.)
STANDARD OF REVIEW
“The standard of review applicable to an appeal of a Magistrate Judge’s order on
nondispositive pretrial matters is extremely deferential.” Skukh v. Seagate Tech., LLC, 295
F.R.D. 228, 235 (D. Minn. 2013); Roble v. Celestica Corp., 627 F. Supp. 2d 1008, 1014 (D.
Minn. 2007). Reversal is only appropriate if the order is “clearly erroneous or contrary to
law.” 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(A); see also Fed. R. Civ. P. 72(a); D. Minn. LR 72.2(a)(3). For an
order to be clearly erroneous, the district court must be “left with the definite and firm
conviction that a mistake has been committed.” Lisdahl v. Mayo Found., 633 F.3d 712,
717 (8th Cir. 2011) (internal citations omitted). “[T]he district court has inherent power to
review the final decision of its magistrates.” Bruno v. Hamilton, 521 F.2d 114, 116 (8th Cir.
First, the Magistrate Judge did not err in finding the Moving Plaintiffs’ motion to
Though the parties had stipulated to extend the deadline for fact
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discovery and filing nondispositive motions until November 14, 2022, and the Magistrate
Judge had extended the deadline accordingly, the Court modified that scheduling order
in Pretrial Order No. 1. (Order Am. Pretrial Sched. Order, Sept. 9, 2022, Docket No. 1488;
Pretrial Order No. 1 at 3, 10–11, Oct. 4, 2022, Docket No. 1525.)
The Moving Plaintiffs argue that Pretrial Order No. 1 only applied to the actions
transferred to this Court by the Judicial Panel on Multidistrict Litigation, but not to actions
that were initiated in this Court. But the plain language of Pretrial Order No. 1 clearly
demonstrates this is untrue. The case caption indicates that it relates to “ALL CASES;” the
very first sentence states, “the following schedule shall govern these proceedings;” and
the Order makes clear that the October 31, 2022 deadline applies to “all cases and
parties—whether commenced before or after entry of this Order.” (Pretrial Order No. 1
at 1, 3.) Pretrial Order No. 1 affirmatively states that it shall “govern all actions transferred
to this Court,” but that statement does not limit it to only those transferred here. (Id. at
1.) Rather, that statement clarifies for the parties that it does in fact apply to newly
transferred Direct Action Plaintiffs.
Because Pretrial Order No. 1 moved the deadline for all parties to complete fact
discovery and file nondispositive motions up to October 31, 2022, Judge Docherty did not
commit clear error in finding the November 14 motion to compel untimely.
Meet and Confer
Second, the Moving Plaintiffs argue that the Magistrate Judge erred in finding that
they did not complete the meet and confer requirement. Pretrial Order No. 1 requires all
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parties to complete a meet and confer before filing a non-dispositive motion. (Id. at 10.)
The meet and confer requirement is also outlined in Local Rule 7.1. L.R. 7.1(a).
The Magistrate Judge did not err in finding that the Moving Plaintiffs failed to
satisfy the meet and confer requirement because, though they did meet and confer, they
did not discuss the two discovery matters in dispute: Topics 20 and 23. Though they
addressed other issues related to the 30(b)(6) deposition of JBS, they explicitly left Topics
20 and 23 out of their discussion. The parties sent a couple of drafts back and forth of
the 30(b)(6) notice, but those do not satisfy the meet and confer element because Pretrial
Order No. 1 requires that the meet and confer occur through personal contact (in person,
by telephone, or by video conference), rather than solely through written
correspondence or email. (Pretrial Order No. 1 at 10.) Moreover, this personal contact
requirement was not satisfied as to Topics 20 and 23 after the Plaintiffs filed the Notice
of the 30(b)(6) deposition.
The Magistrate Judge considered the communication that occurred between the
parties and rightly determined that it did not constitute a meet and confer. (Hr’g Tr. 32:2–
6.) Though the parties did indeed meet, they did not discuss the topics at issue for this
motion to compel. Accordingly, the Court will find that the Magistrate Judge did not
commit clear error in finding the meet and confer requirement unsatisfied.
Lastly, Moving Plaintiffs object to the Magistrate Judge’s order denying their
motion to compel because Topics 20 and 23 are proportional to the needs of the case.
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Judge Docherty generally suggests that Topics 20 and 23 must not be important because
they were not preceded by a meet and confer, discussed at a case management
conference, part of any stipulation, or addressed at the actual deposition. (See Hr’g Tr.
32:7–22.) In essence, the Magistrate Judge appropriately considered the greater context
of the case. The Magistrate Judge also noted that the fact that approximately twenty
Direct Action Plaintiffs did not join the motion is likely “evidence that it’s not really all that
important, and if it’s not really all that important, that would factor into, of course, a
proportionality analysis.” (Id. 13:10–19.) It is not dispositive that several Direct Action
Plaintiffs later joined the Moving Plaintiffs, as they did not join until over a month after
the motion to compel was filed. The Court cannot conclude that the Magistrate Judge
committed clear error in finding the sought after discovery disproportionate to the needs
of the case.
The Magistrate Judge did not commit clear error in denying the motion to compel
because it was untimely, disproportionate, and the parties failed to meet and confer on
the topic. The Court will therefore overrule the Moving Plaintiffs’ objections to the
Magistrate Judge’s denial of their motion to compel.
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Based on the foregoing, and all the files, records, and proceedings herein, IT IS
HEREBY ORDERED that Certain DAP’s and the Commonwealth of Puerto Ricos’ Objections
to Magistrate’s December 9, 2022 Order Denying Motion to Compel [Docket No. 1689]
DATED: January 17, 2023
at Minneapolis, Minnesota.
JOHN R. TUNHEIM
United States District Judge
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