Elsherif v. Mayo Clinic et al
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER: Plaintiff's Appeal to Magistrate Judges August 25, 2020 Order, (Doc. No. 386 ), is DENIED. The August 25, 2020 Order, (Doc. No. 368 ), is AFFIRMED. 2. Defendants' Motion to Strike Third Supplemental Dec laration of Dr. Elsherif, (Doc. No. 374 ), is GRANTED. Dr. Elsherif's Third Supplemental Declaration, (Doc. No. 372 ), is STRICKEN. Dr. Elsherif's Motion for Leave to File Amended Memorandum Opposing Defendants' Motion for Summary Judgment with Non-Errata Citations, (Doc. No. 379 ), is DENIED.(Written Opinion) Signed by Judge Donovan W. Frank on 11/17/2020. (las)
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UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
DISTRICT OF MINNESOTA
Civil No. 18-2998 (DWF/KMM)
OPINION AND ORDER
Mayo Clinic and Robert J. Spinner,
This matter is before the Court for resolution of several interrelated disputes. First
filed is Defendants’ Motion to Strike Third Supplemental Declaration of Dr. Elsherif.
(Doc. No. 374.) Second is Dr. Elsherif’s Motion for Leave to File Amended
Memorandum Opposing Defendants’ Motion for Summary Judgment with Non-Errata
Citations. (Doc. No. 379.) And third, Dr. Elsherif appeals the August 25, 2020 Order,
(Doc. No. 368), of United States Magistrate Judge Katherine M. Menendez. (Doc.
APPEAL OF THE AUGUST 25, 2020 ORDER
The Court must modify or set aside any portion of the Magistrate Judge’s order
found to be clearly erroneous or contrary to law. See 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(A); Fed. R.
Civ. P. 72(a); D. Minn. LR 72.2(a). This is an “extremely deferential standard.” Reko v.
Creative Promotions, Inc., 70 F. Supp. 2d 1005, 1007 (D. Minn. 1999). “A finding is
‘clearly erroneous’ when although there is evidence to support it, the reviewing court on
the entire evidence is left with the definite and firm conviction that a mistake has been
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committed.” Chakales v. Comm’r of Internal Revenue, 79 F.3d 726, 728 (8th Cir. 1996)
(quoting United States v. United States Gypsum Co., 333 U.S. 364, 395 (1948)).
Dr. Elsherif disputes two aspects of the August 25, 2020 Order. First, Dr. Elsherif
argues that Magistrate Judge Menendez erred in denying his motion to compel deposition
topic 20. Second, Dr. Elsherif argues error in granting Defendants’ motion to strike
Deposition Topic 20
Deposition Topic 20 sought Rule 30(b)(6) testimony on
[Dr. Elsherif’s] medical, psychiatric and occupational evaluation, treatment
and EAP records with Mayo during and after his appoint with Mayo [ ]
regarding or referring to [Dr. Elsherif’s] “disclosed medical condition to
Dr. Spinner and a member of Human Resources” set forth in Paragraph 21
of Defendants’ Answer.
(Doc. No. 390-1 at 7.) The Magistrate Judge concluded that because Dr. Elsherif had not
sued Mayo Clinic in its capacity as his medical provider, but instead as his employer,
Mayo Clinic could not testify as to any of Dr. Elsherif’s medical information.
(August 25, 2020 Order at 4.)
In appealing, Dr. Elsherif continues to ignore the distinction between Mayo Clinic
as his employer and Mayo Clinic as his health provider. As the Magistrate Judge
concluded, this conflation of Mayo Clinic’s roles prevents the deposition testimony Dr.
Elsherif seeks: “Had Dr. Elsherif seen a non-Mayo Clinic provider, he could not demand
that his former employer testify as to his medical conditions, but instead would need to
obtain that information from his medical provider. The present situation is no different.”
(August 25, 2020 Order at 4.) The Court agrees. Dr. Elsherif may not combine Mayo
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Clinic’s dual roles here for his convenience. The Magistrate Judge’s decision as to
Deposition Topic 20 was not clearly erroneous or contrary to law.
Motion to Strike Errata
Courts “may strike from a pleading an insufficient defense or any redundant,
immaterial, impertinent, or scandalous matter.” Fed. R. Civ. P. 12(f) (emphasis added).
The errata sheet is not a pleading. Fed. R. Civ. P. 8. Thus, as courts in this District hold,
“there is no such thing as a ‘motion to strike’” in this context. See Carlson Mktg. Grp. v.
Royal Indemnity Co., 2006 WL 2917173, at *2 (D. Minn. Oct. 11, 2006) (Schiltz, J.)
(rejecting two motions to strike aimed at affidavits filed in connection with a summary
judgment motion); see also Smith v. United HealthCare Servs., Inc., 2003 WL 22047861,
at *3 n.7 (D. Minn. Aug. 28, 2003) (Montgomery, J.); VanDanacker v. Main Motor Sales
Co., 109 F. Supp. 2d 1045, 1047 (D. Minn. 2000) (Doty, J.).
That said, courts retain “discretion to strike substantive changes made in errata
sheets, if the deponent fails to provide ‘sufficient justification.’” Sanny v. Trek Bicycle
Corp., 2013 WL 1912467, at *14 (D. Minn. May 8, 2013) (Montgomery, J.) (quoting
EBC, Inc. v. Clark Bldg. Sys., Inc., 618 F.3d 253, 270 (3d Cir. 2010)); see Murphy v.
Piper, 2018 WL 5875486, at *3 (D. Minn. Nov. 9, 2018) (Frank, J.). Courts “may accept
errata if the deponent provides persuasive reasons for why the proposed changes ‘truly
reflect the deponent’s original testimony,’ or if other circumstances satisfy the court.”
Holverson v. ThyssenKrupp Elevator Corp., 2014 WL 3573630, at *12 (D. Minn.
July 18, 2014) (Montgomery, J.) (quoting EBC, Inc., 618 F.3d at 270).
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Dr. Elsherif’s deposition errata was undoubtedly an attempt at substantive change.
For example, Dr. Elsherif was asked:
Do you think that Dr. Bydon is an excellent neurosurgeon?
Do you think he’s honest?
(Doc. No. 294-1 at 83.) Dr. Elsherif sought to change this testimony as follows:
Do you think that Dr. Bydon is an excellent neurosurgeon?
Do you think he’s honest?
No shockingly he is not honest because he participated with
his boss Dr. Spinner in falsely accusing me with
unauthorized access to non-public Mayo area and even
falsified emails on the alleged incident. This is not how
honest individuals behave. I never ever entered any of Mayo
non-public areas after my termination. Mayo did not and
cannot produce any security footages showing date, time,
location and my identity from any of those security cameras
scattered everywhere because such incident never happened
in the first place.
(Doc. No. 294-1 at 9, 83.) The reason for this change was “correcting inadvertently
wrong answer.” (Doc. No. 294-1 at 9.) This is only one example. Dr. Elsherif’s
deposition errata are replete with substantive changes to testimony, both in reversing
course on answers and drastically expanding upon answers. These are beyond mere
clarifications or corrections, they are attempts to flip the answers completely. See, e.g.,
Tholen v. Assist Am., Inc., 2019 WL 1724679, at *3 (D. Minn. Apr. 18, 2019) (Rau, J.)
(discussing substantive changes to deposition errata).
Given the attempt at substantive change via the errata sheet, the Magistrate Judge
next considered whether Dr. Elsherif proffered “sufficient justification” for the changes.
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Sanny, 2013 WL 1912467, at *14; Murphy, 2018 WL 5875486, at *3. The Magistrate
Judge considered Dr. Elsherif’s three reasons—(1) his deposition lasted 9 hours; (2) his
counsel was prevented from cross-examination; and (3) he had no interpreter—and
properly concluded they were without support in fact or law. The Magistrate Judge
concluded that his use of the deposition errata sheet was an inappropriate use of
Rule 30(e) and that “permitting such extensive changes” to a deposition transcript is
unjust and inefficient and would render deposition testimony meaningless. (August 25,
2020 Order at 6, 8) (citing Cham v. McNeilus Truck and Mfg., 2012 WL 12873768, at *3
(D. Minn. July 9, 2012)).
Dr. Elsherif proffers a new reason on appeal to justify the substantive changes:
that Defendants’ court reporter provided instructions stating: “if there are changes in
form or substance, to sign a statement listing the changes and reasons for making them.”
Dr. Elsherif argues that he should not be punished for complying with the court reporter’s
instructions; that is, the plain language of the instructions indicate substantive changes
may be permissible. Dr. Elsherif’s argument is unavailing. Dr. Elsherif is represented by
counsel, and a court reporter’s instructions do not override counsel’s obligations to be
learned in the law. The argument that the court reporter’s instructions “did [not] include
any of the above-cited cases by the Court,” (Doc. No. 386 at 7), is confounding. The
Federal Rules of Civil Procedure do not include an addendum of caselaw interpreting
their application, but counsel must still understand the contours and confines of the Rules
as interpreted by the courts nonetheless. This is no different. Rule 30(e) does not turn a
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deposition into “a take home examination” that allows a deponent “to alter what was said
under oath.” Greenway v. Int’l Paper Co., 144 F.R.D. 322, (W.D. La. 1992).
Here, the Magistrate Judge reviewed the entire errata sheet and determined that
most, but not all, of the errata sheet should be stricken. That decision was not clearly
erroneous or contrary to law.
MOTION TO STRIKE AND MOTION FOR LEAVE TO FILE
Defendants seek to strike Dr. Elsherif’s Third Supplemental Declaration.
Conversely, Dr. Elsherif seeks leave to file an amended memorandum in opposition to
Defendant’s summary judgment motion that replaces the deposition errata citations with
citations to the Third Supplemental Declaration.
A brief timeline is necessary. Dr. Elsherif was deposed on March 20, 2020.
Dr. Elsherif thereafter submitted his deposition errata sheet. Defendants then moved to
strike on May 15. While that motion was pending, Dr. Elsherif incorporated answers
from the errata sheet into his opposition to Defendants’ motion for summary judgment,
filed August 10. The Court then issued its August 25, 2020 Order. Thereafter, on
September 1–2, Dr. Elsherif filed his Third Supplemental Declaration with Deposition
Errata Entries and Opposing Defendants’ Motions for Summary Judgment and Dismissal
and his motion for leave to file an amended memorandum. (Doc. Nos. 372, 379.) The
Declaration’s purpose is clearly stated:
This Third Supplemental Declaration is submitted to replace my previous
Deposition Testimony set forth in my Errata Sheets to my Deposition
Transcript . . . that was citied in Plaintiff’s Opposition to Defendant’s
Motion for Summary Judgment . . . and which was made necessary by the
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Court’s Order . . . filed August 25, 2020, which struck the forgoing cited
portions of my Deposition Testimony.
(Declaration ¶ 3.)
Because the Court has already ruled that the deposition errata were an improper
attempt to alter testimony under oath and must be disregarded, so too must a declaration
that does the very same. It is an inappropriate end-run around a Court order and will not
be permitted. Further, discovery in this matter closed generally on March 31, 2020,
(Doc. No. 130), with the exception of Dr. Elsherif’s deposition and expert discovery,
(Doc. Nos. 130, 225.) The record is closed and the time has passed for Dr. Elsherif to
generate and produce new discovery. Accordingly, Defendants’ motion to strike is
granted and Dr. Elsherif’s motion to amend is denied.
Based upon the record before the Court, and the Court being otherwise duly
advised in the premises, IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that:
Plaintiff’s Appeal to Magistrate Judge’s August 25, 2020 Order, (Doc.
No. ), is DENIED. The August 25, 2020 Order, (Doc. No. ), is AFFIRMED.
Defendants’ Motion to Strike Third Supplemental Declaration of Dr.
Elsherif, (Doc. No. ), is GRANTED. Dr. Elsherif’s Third Supplemental
Declaration, (Doc. No. ), is STRICKEN.
CASE 0:18-cv-02998-DWF-KMM Doc. 393 Filed 11/17/20 Page 8 of 8
Dr. Elsherif’s Motion for Leave to File Amended Memorandum Opposing
Defendants’ Motion for Summary Judgment with Non-Errata Citations, (Doc. No. ),
Dated: November 17, 2020
s/Donovan W. Frank
DONOVAN W. FRANK
United States District Judge
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