MEC, Inc. v. Lowndes County Board of Supervisors et al
ORDER granting 25 Motion to Strike. Signed by Magistrate Judge David A. Sanders on 2/4/2016. (rrz)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE NORTHERN DISTRICT OF MISSISSIPPI
MEC, INC. D/B/A THE PONY
CIVIL ACTION NO: 1:15CV50-SA-DAS
LOWNDES COUNTY BOARD OF SUPERVISORS;
LOWNDES COUNTY CHANCERY CLERK;
LOWNDES COUNTY; AND JOHN DOES 1-10
This matter is before the court on defendants’ motion (#26) and seeks an order striking
plaintiff’s expert designation. Specifically, defendants argue Kevin Francis should be barred
from offering expert testimony because he never submitted an expert report. Having considered
the motion, the court finds as follows:
The Federal Rules of Civil Procedure provide that “if the witness is one retained or
specifically employed to provide expert testimony in the case or one whose duties as the party’s
employee regularly involve giving expert testimony,” then the expert must provide a written
report. Fed. R. Civ. P. 26 (a)(2)(B). The written report “must be prepared and signed by the
witness” and “must contain:
a complete statement of all opinions the witness will express and the basis
and reasons for them;
the facts or data considered by the witness in forming them;
any exhibits that will be used to summarize or support them;
the witness’s qualifications, including a list of all publications authored in
the previous 10 years;
a list of all other cases in which, during the previous 4 years, the witness
testified as an expert at trial or by deposition; and
a statement of the compensation to be paid for the stud and testimony in
Id. Furthermore, “[a] party must make these disclosures at the times and in the sequence that the
court orders.” Fed. R. Civ. P. 26(a)(2)(D). In this district, the deadline for designating experts is
governed by the case management order. L.U. Civ. R. 26(a)(2). Accordingly, plaintiff’s expert
designations were due no later than December 3rd, 2015. Doc. 21.
On December 2nd, 2015, plaintiff timely designated Francis as an expert witness in this
action. The designation provides:
Kevin Francis has been retained as an expert by the Plaintiff in those fields
reflected by his curriculum vitae and accounting. He is expected to testify about
the losses sustained by MEC, Inc. as a result of the defendant’s actions. Kevin
Francis’s Curriculum Vitae is attached hereto as Exhibit “A”…Kevin Francis is
expected to give his opinion based upon his education, training, and experience in
the field of business administration.
Doc. 26, p. 128. This designation, however, is clearly deficient under Federal Rule of Civil
Procedure 26(a)(2)(B). It fails to summarize any of the facts and opinions to which Francis is
expected to testify, such as quantifying the losses suffered by MEC, Inc. and referencing the data
from which his opinion is derived. Moreover, plaintiff’s designation does not to comply with the
formal requirements of Rule 26: it must include a report written and signed by the expert
Nevertheless, in its response to defendants’ motion to strike (#30), plaintiff describes
Francis as its personal accountant. Though not emphasized in plaintiff’s response, this fact is
crucial. As plaintiff’s personal accountant, it is plausible that Francis has not been retained or
specially employed to provide expert testimony in this matter. In fact, if his testimony is based
on personal knowledge of plaintiff’s accounts, including the resulting loss of revenue since
plaintiff was required to start closing at 1:00 A.M., his role might be analogous to that of treating
physicians,1 who generally are not subject to the written report requirement. L.U. Civ. R.
The supplemental written report (#31) indicates that Francis is charging a specific fee for trial preparation,
depositions and trial testimony. This could support a finding that Francis was retained or specially employed to
offer expert testimony. However, it is not dispositive because even non-retained experts are entitled to a reasonable
fee for their services. See Duke v. Performance Food Group, Inc., 2014 WL 370442, at *6 (N.D. Miss. Feb. 3,
26(a)(2)(D). Notably, the treating physician exception has recently been extended to include
non-physician expert witnesses:
A party must designate physicians and other witnesses who are not retained or
specially employed to provide expert testimony but are expected to be called to
offer expert opinions at trial. No written report is required from such witnesses,
but the party must disclose the subject matter on which the witness is expected to
present evidence under Fed. R. Evid. 702, 703 or 705, and a summary of the facts
and opinions to which the witness is expected to testify…
Id. However, whether or not Francis is an expert who must submit a written report is a moot
point. Plaintiff’s expert designation is deficient even under the more lenient standard because it
does not provide a summary of the facts and opinions to which Francis is expected to testify.
As a final point, plaintiff filed a supplemental expert witness written report (#31) to cure
the deficiencies in its original expert designation. The supplemental report was filed on February
1st, 2016, nearly two months after the expert designation deadline had expired. When
considering whether to exclude untimely expert designations, courts in this circuit are instructed
to consider four factors: (1) the explanation for the failure to submit the expert report; (2) the
importance of the report; (3) the potential prejudice in allowing the report; and (4) the
availability of a continuance to cure such prejudice. Versai Mgmt. Corp. v. Clarendon Am. Ins.
Co., 597 F.3d 729, 740 (5th Cir. 2010). None of these factors were addressed by plaintiff. As a
result, the court finds that the defendants’ motion is well taken and should be granted.
IT IS, THEREFORE, ORDERED that plaintiff’s expert designation is hereby stricken,
and Kevin Francis is barred from presenting expert testimony at trial.
SO ORDERED this, the 4th day of February, 2016.
/s/ David A. Sanders
UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
2014) (finding that a treating physician was entitled to a reasonable fee for serving as a witness, even though neither
the plaintiff nor the physician established a relationship for the purpose of procuring expert testimony).
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