Kaiva, LLC v. Parker et al
ORDER denying 59 Motion in Limine; denying 60 Motion in Limine. Signed by District Judge Debra M. Brown on 4/6/17. (bds)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE NORTHERN DISTRICT OF MISSISSIPPI
MICHAEL PARKER and
ORDER ON MOTIONS IN LIMINE
Before the Court are two motions in limine filed by Michael Parker and Debra Parker, Doc.
#59; Doc. #60;1 to which Kaiva, LLC, responded in opposition.2
In Limine Standard
“The purpose of a motion in limine is to allow the trial court to rule in advance of trial on the
admissibility and relevance of certain forecasted evidence. Evidence should not be excluded in
limine unless it is clearly inadmissible on all potential grounds.” Harkness v. Bauhaus U.S.A., Inc.,
No. 3:13-cv-129, 2015 WL 631512, at *1 (N.D. Miss. Feb. 13, 2015) (internal citations and
quotation marks omitted).
The Parkers seek to exclude at trial any reference to the comment Michael Parker made in his
December 3, 2016, deposition that “a Patel is a Patel is a Patel.” Doc. #59 at 2. Specifically, they
argue that, under Federal Rule of Evidence 403, the comment is unfairly prejudicial because it
The motions, filed January 5, 2017, are titled, respectively, “Defendants’ Motion in Limine to Exclude from Trial
Reference to Defendant Michael Parker’s Comment in His Deposition – “A Patel Is A Patel Is A Patel” and “Defendants’
Motion in Limine to Exclude the WREG News Telecast Accusation That Defendant Michael Parker Was Fired From His
Job at the Utilities Department for the City of Holly Springs, Mississippi, for Skimming Money.” Seemingly identical
motions were originally filed December 5, 2016, but, as instructed by the Clerk of the Court, were refiled with separate
exhibits and exhibit descriptions, along with a notice of conventional filing for the DVD exhibit. At no point were
supporting memorandum briefs filed with the motions.
Doc. #56; Doc. #57.
“would be taken as derogatory towards a particular ethnic group.” Id. at 2.
Rule 403 of the Federal Rules of Evidence provides:
The court may exclude relevant evidence if its probative value is substantially
outweighed by a danger of one or more of the following: unfair prejudice, confusing
the issues, misleading the jury, undue delay, wasting time, or needlessly presenting
“[O]nly unfair prejudice, substantially outweighing probative value … permits exclusion of relevant
matter under Rule 403.” United States v. Barnes, 803 F.3d 209, 221 (5th Cir. 2015) (quoting United
States v. Pace, 10 F.3d 1106, 1115 (5th Cir. 1993)).
Kaiva responds that the comment is supposed to show Michael’s “reluctance” to deal with
“Indian-American” franchisees. Doc. #56 at 1. Kaiva argues that such is of consequence because
the parties agreed to sell the subway franchise Kaiva operated to a third party and, in an attempt to
consummate that agreement, Kaiva referred several “Indian-Americans” to the Parkers as potential
buyers but the sale never occurred.
The Parkers fail to address the probative value of the proffered comment as argued by Kaiva
and thus do not address whether any unfair prejudicial effect it may cause substantially outweighs
any probative value it may have as required for exclusion under Rule 403. Accordingly, the Court
cannot conclude that the comment is clearly inadmissible on all grounds. Therefore, the motion to
exclude the Patel comment will be denied.
Defendants also seek to exclude at trial “any reference to the unsupported accusation by
WREG News, or anyone else, that Defendant Michael Parker was fired from his job … for
skimming money.” Doc. #60 at 2–3. In response, Kaiva concedes that neither the WREG News
broadcast itself nor the challenged accusations contained within the broadcast are relevant.3 As such,
Kaiva represents that it will not seek to introduce the accusations contained within that news
broadcast or those same accusations made anywhere else. Defendants’ motion on this subject will
therefore be denied as moot.
For the reasons above, the motion in limine concerning the Patel comment  is DENIED
and the motion in limine concerning skimming  is DENIED as moot.
SO ORDERED, this 6th day of April, 2017.
/s/ Debra M. Brown
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
Specifically, Kaiva states that:
the news broadcast that is the subject of Defendant’s motion is not relevant to the matters at issue in
this action, and, absent some attempt by Defendant to interject evidence concerning Michael Parker’s
employment at the Utility Department of Holly Springs, Mississippi, or his reasons for departing that
employment, can contemplate no reason why he would seek to admit such evidence at trial.
Doc. #57 at 1.
Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.
Why Is My Information Online?