Ryan v. Arledge et al
ORDER adopting in part Report and Recommendations re 11 Report and Recommendations.. Signed by District Judge Michael P. Mills on 3/30/17. (rel)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE NORTHERN DISTRICT OF MISSISSIPPI
BRENT EVERRETT RYAN
MIKE ARLEDGE, SHERIFF, ET AL.
The court has considered the file and records in this action, including the Report and
Recommendation of the United States Magistrate Judge and the objections to the Report and
Recommendation, and finds that the Magistrate Judge’s Report and Recommendation should be
approved and adopted as the opinion of the court, with one minor change.
The plaintiff argues in his objection to the Report and Recommendation that the rule for
evaluating a due process claim under Sandin v. Conner, 515 U.S. 472, 115 S. Ct. 2293, 132 L. Ed. 2d
418 (1995) applies only to convicted inmates, not pretrial detainees. He is correct; the rule for
evaluating due process claims for pretrial detainees is that, in considering this type of claim:
A court must decide whether the disability is imposed for the purpose of punishment or
whether it is but an incident of some other legitimate governmental purpose.
Bell v. Wolfish, 441 U.S. 520, 538, 99 S. Ct. 1861, 1873, 60 L. Ed. 2d 447 (1979). The court must,
however, give deference to prison officials in matters involving discipline and custody
Absent a showing of an expressed intent to punish on the part of detention facility
officials, that determination generally will turn on “whether an alternative purpose to
which [the restriction] may rationally be connected is assignable for it, and whether it
appears excessive in relation to the alternative purpose assigned [to it].” Kennedy v.
Mendoza-Martinez, 372 U.S., at 168-169, 83 S.Ct., at 567-568; see Flemming v. Nestor,
supra, 363 U.S., at 617, 80 S.Ct., at 1376. Thus, if a particular condition or restriction
of pretrial detention is reasonably related to a legitimate governmental objective, it does
not, without more, amount to “punishment.”
Bell, 441 U.S. at 538–39. In addition,
the effective management of the detention facility once the individual is confined is a
valid objective that may justify imposition of conditions and restrictions of pretrial
detention and dispel any inference that such restrictions are intended as punishment.
Id. at 540. A court may not simply substitute its own judgment for that of prison officials:
Courts must be mindful that these inquiries spring from constitutional requirements and
that judicial answers to them must reflect that fact rather than a court's idea of how best
to operate a detention facility.
Id. at 539. When considering all aspects of the rules in Sandin and Bell, practically speaking, the
rules are extremely similar.
With these rules in mind, the court finds that Mr. Ryan’s allegation regarding his
placement on administrative segregation for a month fails to state a claim upon which relief could
be granted. In his innumerable grievances regarding the illicit use of his prison account, Ryan
accused some of his fellow inmates of taking his funds – a state of affairs likely to anger the
accused inmates – and others – against him. Long experience has shown that inmates often turn
violently on one of their own who has turned “snitch.” Jail can be a dangerous place, and the
court will not second-guess the decision by jail officials to temporarily isolate Ryan from other
inmates in this situation. Thus, while the Magistrate Judge’s path to the outcome of this claim
was erroneous, the ultimate ruling was correct.
It is, therefore, ORDERED:
That the plaintiff’s objections to the Magistrate Judge’s Report and
Recommendation are OVERRULED;
That the Report and Recommendation of the United States Magistrate Judge (as
modified) is hereby APPROVED AND ADOPTED as the opinion of the court; and
That the following claims should be dismissed with prejudice: taking of property
without due process, changing custody classification without due process, and the state law tort of
That the following defendants should also be dismissed for failure to state a valid
constitutional claim against them: Sheriff Mike Arledge (in his individual capacity), Chief
Deputy Mark Miley, Captain Rick Jones, Captain Ryan Rickert, Sgt. Eric Granderson, Sgt. S.
Cunningham, Officer Monica Tate, Corporal D. Tate, Candy Davis, the Lowndes County Adult
Detention Center, and Karen Stanford;
That the plaintiff’s claims against the Sheriff Arledge that he instituted policies of
unconstitutionally harsh conditions of confinement and to move any inmate who filed a grievance
to isolation will PROCEED;
That the plaintiff’s claim against defendant Barry Stanford and Officer D. Shelton
that they retaliated against him for repeatedly filing grievances regarding the taking of his inmate
account funds will PROCEED;
That the plaintiff’s claim against Officer Chris Black that he and others used
excessive force against the plaintiff during arrest will PROCEED;
That the plaintiff’s claim against Nurse Kay Watts that she denied him adequate
medical treatment will PROCEED; and,
Though he does not, at present, know the names of the defendants involved, the
following claims will PROCEED: (1) failure to protect against the assault of other inmates for
being a “whistleblower,” (2) frustration in several ways of his ability to defend the criminal
charges against him, (3) unconstitutionally harsh general conditions of confinement (crowded
cells, sleeping on the floor, disruptive mentally ill inmates, flooding in cell, etc.)
SO ORDERED, this, the 30th day of March, 2017.
/s/ MICHAEL P. MILLS
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
NORTHERN DISTRICT OF MISSISSIPPI
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