Carter v. State of Mississippi
MEMORANDUM OPINION re 3 Order Dismissing Case, Terminate Motions. Signed by W. Allen Pepper on 8/2/2011. (pls)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE NORTHERN DISTRICT OF MISSISSIPPI
STATE OF MISSISSIPPI
This cause comes before the court on the petition of Timothy Cater, inmate number 162695,
for a writ of habeas corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2254. Carter was convicted in Quitman County
of armed robbery. He is currently serving a fifteen year sentence.
After carefully considering the contents of the pro se petition and giving it the liberal
construction required by Haines v. Kerner, 404 U.S. 519 (1972), this court has come to the following
It is well-settled that a state prisoner seeking habeas corpus relief in federal court is first
required to exhaust his available state remedies. 28 U.S.C. § 2254(b)(1) and (c)1; see also, Rose v.
Lundy, 455 U.S. 509 (1982). More specifically, a petitioner must present his claims to the state
courts in such a fashion as to afford those courts a fair opportunity to rule on the merits. Picard v.
Conner, 404 U.S. 270 (1971); Dispensa v. Lynaugh, 847 F.2d 211, 217 (5th Cir. 1988). A habeas
28 U.S.C. §2254 (b)(1) and (c) provide:
(b)(1) An application for a writ of habeas corpus on behalf of a person in custody
pursuant to the judgment of a State court shall not be granted unless it appears
that(A) the applicant has exhausted the remedies available in the courts of the State;
(B)(i) there is an absence of available State corrective process; or
(ii) circumstances exist that render such process ineffective to protect the rights of
An applicant shall not be deemed to have exhausted the remedies available in the
courts of the State within the meaning of this section, if he has the right under the
law of the State to raise, by any available procedure, the question presented.
corpus petitioner must provide the state's highest court with a fair opportunity to pass upon the issues
raised in the petition for federal habeas corpus relief. Dupuy v. Butler, 837 F.2d 699, 702 (5th Cir.
1988) (citing Carter v. Estelle, 677 F.2d 427, 443-44 (5th Cir. 1982)).
It is clear that Carter’s claims have not been presented to the State’s highest court.
Therefore, he has not exhausted his available state remedies. See Miss. Code Ann. §§ 99-39-1 et
seq. Consequently, Carter’s petition to this court is premature and must be dismissed without
A final judgment in accordance with this opinion will be entered.
THIS the 2nd day of August, 2011.
/s/ W. Allen Pepper, Jr.
W. ALLEN PEPPER, JR.
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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