White v. Tunica County, Mississippi et al
ORDER denying 57 Motion for Sanctions. Signed by Magistrate Judge Roy Percy on 6/2/17. (bnd)
THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE NORTHERN DISTRICT OF MISSISSIPPI
CIVIL ACTION NO: 3:16-CV-182-MPM-RP
TUNICA COUNTY, MISSISSIPPI; et al.
ORDER DENYING MOTION FOR SANCTIONS DUE TO
SPOLIATION OF CELL PHONE BY DEFENDANT EUGENE BRIDGES
Plaintiff seeks sanctions against defendant Eugene Bridges for alleged spoliation of a cell
phone. Docket 57. Plaintiff alleges that various text messages were exchanged between herself
and Bridges and that after being made aware of plaintiff’s sexual harassment claim, Bridges
failed to maintain his cell phone. As a result, plaintiff asserts that the text messages produced by
Bridges should be excluded from evidence. In response, Bridges contends that plaintiff seeks to
exclude the subject communications not because Bridges spoliated evidence, but instead because
the communications demonstrate that plaintiff was the aggressor. Docket 61 at 2. A review of
the deposition testimony shows that plaintiff authenticated almost all of the messages at issue
and plaintiff herself could have maintained her own phone to preserve the communications at
issue, but testified that she had replaced her phone more than once and did not maintain anything
from her old phones other than her contacts. Id. at 2-3.
Although it is not binding precedent here, the court finds instructive the analysis
expounded by the Court of Federal Claims regarding a federal court’s authority to craft
appropriate sanctions. In United Med. Supply Co., Inc. v. United States, 77 Fed. Cl. 257 (2007),
the court addressed spoliation of evidence and violation of a party’s duties under the Federal
Rules of Civil Procedure, its own parallel Rules and the court’s authority and obligation to
preserve the integrity of the fact-finding process. In making such a decision, said the Court of
Claims, a federal court “must construct a sanction that is just and proportionate in light of the
circumstances underlying the failure to preserve relevant evidence, as well as the punitive
prophylactic, remedial and institutional purposes to be served by such sanctions.” United Med.
Supply, 77 Fed. Cl. at 270 (emphasis added). The court found that the spoliation doctrine has as
one of its core purposes “not . . . solely to punish those who consciously destroy inculpatory
documents, but also to address the manifest unfairness inherent in the loss of relevant evidence.”
Id. at 269. In other words, the sanctions available to the court to address spoliation are not there
simply to reward a party on the receiving end of wrongdoing by another party via Rule 37 of the
Federal Rules of Civil Procedure: that inherent power is “governed not by rule of statute but by
the control necessarily vested in courts to manage their own affairs so as to achieve the orderly
and expeditious disposition of cases.” Link v. Wabash R.R. Co. v. 370 U.S., 626, 630, 31 (1962),
reh’g denied, 501 U.S. 1269 ( 1991). See also Consol. Edison Co. of New York, Inc. v. United
States, 90 Fed. C. 228, (2009); United Med. Supply, 77 Fed. Cl. at 263-64.
Plaintiff has provided no evidence that Bridges has actually destroyed any evidence. In
fact, it appears that Bridges has taken further steps than plaintiff in preserving evidence at issue
in this case. Therefore, the court finds there is insufficient evidence to sanction Bridges for any
alleged spoliation of evidence. Rather, plaintiff may present her evidence of spoliation to the
jury, who may consider that evidence in weighing the credibility of the parties. Plaintiff’s
Motion for Sanctions Due to Spoliation of Cell Phone by Defendant Eugene Bridges is DENIED.
SO ORDERED, this, the 2nd day of June, 2017.
/s/ Roy Percy
UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
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