Aldridge v. Commissioner of Social Security
MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by Magistrate Judge Roy Percy on 5/26/17. (cs)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE NORTHERN DISTRICT OF MISSISSIPPI
KIM M. ALDRIDGE
CIVIL ACTION NO.: 3:16-CV-207-RP
NANCY A. BERRYHILL,
COMMISSIONER OF SOCIAL SECURITY
Plaintiff Kim M. Aldridge has applied for judicial review under 42 U.S.C. § 405(g) of the
Commissioner of Social Security’s decision denying her applications for disability insurance
benefits (DIB) under Title II and supplemental security income (SSI) under Title XVI of the
Social Security Act. Docket 1. Plaintiff filed applications for disability insurance benefits and
supplemental security income on July 8, 2013. Docket 7 at 172-74; 180-84. In both applications,
Plaintiff alleges disability beginning on July 1, 2012.1 Id.
The agency administratively denied both of Plaintiff’s claims initially on August 12,
2013 (Id. at 58-64; 65-71) and on reconsideration on September 30, 2013. Id. at 76-82; 83-89.
Plaintiff then requested an administrative hearing, which Administrative Law Judge (ALJ)
Robert Hodum held on April 7, 2015. Id. at 110-11, 143-47. The ALJ issued an unfavorable
decision on April 29, 2015. Id. at 11-18. The Appeals Council denied her request for review on
August 8, 2016. Id. at 1-4. Plaintiff timely filed this appeal from the August 8, 2016, decision,
the undersigned held a hearing on April 26, 2016, and it is now ripe for review.
At the ALJ hearing on April 7, 2015, Plaintiff moved to amend the alleged onset date to June 23, 2013, and the
ALJ granted the motion. Docket 7, p. 29.
Because both parties have consented to a magistrate judge conducting all the proceedings
in this case as provided in 28 U.S.C. § 636(c), the undersigned has the authority to issue this
opinion and the accompanying final judgment. Docket 10.
Plaintiff was born June 26, 1979, and was 35 years old at the time of the ALJ hearing.
Docket 7 at 33. She is considered to be a younger individual for the purpose of determining
disability benefits. Id. at 17. Plaintiff has a twelfth grade education and past relevant work as a
warehouse worker and hand packager. Id. at 36, 47. Plaintiff contends she became disabled as a
result of lupus, her inability to stand for long periods of time, swelling in her legs, and back
cramps. Id. at 227. At the ALJ hearing, counsel for Plaintiff stated that she has lupus,
hypertension, lumbar degenerative disease, facet arthropathy, and chronic fatigue. Id. at 30.
Plaintiff testified that her lupus causes flare ups lasting two to three days approximately twice a
month. Id. at 37. During a flare up, Plaintiff has difficulty using her hands, specifically gripping
or grasping objects, buttoning, zipping, typing or writing. Id. at 40. She also has difficulty
bending, stopping or squatting and experiences severe headaches which may last between five
and six hours or up to three days. Id. at 41, 44.
The ALJ established that Plaintiff had not engaged in substantial gainful activity since
June 23, 2013, the amended alleged onset date. Id. at 13. Next, the ALJ found that Plaintiff
experienced the severe impairment of systemic lupus erythematosus but that Plaintiff’s
impairment did not meet or medically equal the severity of a listed impairment in 20 C.F.R. Part
404, Subpart P, Appendix 1 (20 C.F.R. 404.1520(d), 404.1525, 404.1526, 416.920(d), 416.925,
and 416.926). Id. at 13-14.
Considering Plaintiff’s severe impairment, the ALJ found that Plaintiff’s demonstrated
abilities were consistent with a Residual Functional Capacity (RFC) to perform a full range of
light work. Id. at 14-17. In making this determination, the ALJ relied heavily on the opinions of
the state agency evaluating and consulting physicians—Dr. Madena Gibson and Dr. Karen
Hulett—who concluded that Plaintiff had exertional limitations but could occasionally lift and/or
carry twenty pounds; frequently lift and/or carry ten pounds; and sit, stand, and/or walk about six
hours in an eight-hour workday. Id. at 61-62, 68-69.
Based on his review of the medical evidence in conjunction with Plaintiff’s own
statements about her symptoms and their effects, the ALJ concluded that Plaintiff’s
“statements concerning the intensity, persistence and limiting effects of these symptoms are not
entirely credible” because they are “inconsistent with the treatment notes, which do not
document flareups to the frequency and severity alleged.” Id. at 15-16. The ALJ also noted that
Plaintiff’s statements regarding medication side effects are contradicted by treatment notes
indicating that she tolerated her medicines well. Id. at 16. The ALJ discussed specific
inconsistencies between treating physician Dr. Amy Woods’ opinions and the other record
evidence and afforded Dr. Wood’s opinions little weight. Id. at 16-17. Finding the opinions of
the state agency evaluating physician and state agency consulting physician consistent with the
record as a whole, the ALJ afforded these opinions great weight in formulating Plaintiff’s RFC.
Id. at 17.
The ALJ determined that Plaintiff’s RFC precludes her ability to perform past relevant
work; however, based on her residual functional capacity for the full range of light work,
“there are jobs that exist in the significant numbers in the national economy that [Plaintiff] can
perform.” Id. at 17-18. The ALJ ultimately ruled that Plaintiff had not been under a disability, as
defined in the Social Security Act, from June 23, 2013, through April 29, 2015, the date of the
ALJ’s decision. Id.
Plaintiff asserts that the ALJ erred by giving the opinion of a non-examining physician
greater weight than the examining physician’s opinion and by failing to properly assess the
treating physician’s opinion. Docket 11 at 3. Plaintiff further argues that the ALJ failed to
evaluate all of the record evidence and erred in not considering Plaintiff’s arthritis to be a severe
II. EVALUATION PROCESS
In determining disability, the Commissioner, through the ALJ, works through a five-step
sequential evaluation process.2 The burden rests upon the plaintiff throughout the first four steps
of this five-step process to prove disability, and if the plaintiff is successful in sustaining her
burden at each of the first four levels, then the burden shifts to the Commissioner at step five.3
First, the plaintiff must prove she is not currently engaged in substantial gainful activity.4
Second, the plaintiff must prove her impairment is “severe” in that it “significantly limits [her]
physical or mental ability to do basic work activities . . . .”5 At step three the ALJ must conclude
that plaintiff is disabled if she proves that her impairments meet or are medically equivalent to
one of the impairments listed at 20 C.F.R. Part 404, Subpart P, App. 1, §§ 1.00-114.09 (2010).6
If the plaintiff does not meet this burden, at step four she must prove that she is incapable of
meeting the physical and mental demands of her past relevant work.7 At step five, the burden
See 20 C.F.R. §§ 404.1520 (2012).
Crowley v. Apfel, 197 F.3d 194, 198 (5th Cir. 1999).
20 C.F.R. §§ 404.1520(b) (2012).
20 C.F.R. §§ 404.1520(c) (2012).
20 C.F.R. §§ 404.1520(d) (2012). If a claimant’s impairment meets certain criteria, that claimant’s
impairments are “severe enough to prevent a person from doing any gainful activity.” 20 C.F.R. §
20 C.F.R. §§ 404.1520(e) (2012).
shifts to the Commissioner to prove, considering the plaintiff’s residual functional capacity, age,
education and past work experience, that she is capable of performing other work.8 If the
Commissioner proves other work exists which the plaintiff can perform, plaintiff is given the
chance to prove that she cannot, in fact, perform that work.9
III. STANDARD OF REVIEW
Judicial review of the Commissioner’s final decision to deny benefits is limited to
determining whether the decision is supported by substantial evidence and whether the
Commissioner applied the correct legal standard. Crowley v. Apfel, 197 F.3d 194, 196 (5th Cir.
1999), citing Austin v. Shalala, 994 F.2d 1170 (5th Cir. 1993); Villa v. Sullivan, 895 F.2d 1019,
1021 (5th Cir. 1990). The court has the responsibility to scrutinize the entire record to determine
whether the ALJ’s decision was supported by substantial evidence and whether the proper legal
standards were applied in reviewing the claim. Ransom v. Heckler, 715 F.2d 989, 992 (5th Cir.
1983). A court has limited power of review and may not reweigh the evidence or substitute its
judgment for that of the Commissioner,10 even if it finds that the evidence leans against the
The Fifth Circuit has held that substantial evidence is “more than a scintilla, less than a
preponderance, and is such relevant evidence as a reasonable mind might accept as adequate to
support a conclusion.” Crowley v. Apfel, 197 F.3d 194, 197 (5th Cir. 1999) (citation omitted).
Conflicts in the evidence are for the Commissioner to decide, and if there is substantial evidence
to support the decision, it must be affirmed even if there is evidence on the other side. Selders v.
Sullivan, 914 F.2d 614, 617 (5th Cir. 1990). The court’s inquiry is whether the record, as a whole,
20 C.F.R §§ 404.1520(g)(2010).
Muse, 925 F.2d at 789.
Hollis v. Bowen, 837 F.2d 1378, 1383 (5th Cir. 1988).
Bowling v. Shalala, 36 F.3d 431, 434 (5th Cir. 1994); Harrell v. Bowen, 862 F.2d 471, 475 (5th Cir.
provides sufficient evidence that would allow a reasonable mind to accept the conclusions of the
ALJ. Richardson v. Perales, 402 U.S. 389, 401 (1971). “If supported by substantial evidence, the
decision of the [Commissioner] is conclusive and must be affirmed.” Paul v. Shalala, 29 F.3d
208, 210 (5th Cir. 1994), citing Richardson, 402 U.S. at 390.
Plaintiff’s argument regarding the ALJ’s treatment of treating physician Dr. Amy Woods’
opinion is twofold: first, Plaintiff asserts that the ALJ erred by giving more weight to the
opinions of State agency evaluating and consulting physicians; and second, Plaintiff argues that
the ALJ failed to properly assess Dr. Woods’ opinion. Docket 11 at 5-8.
On January 26, 2015, Dr. Woods completed a medical source statement for Plaintiff.
Docket 7 at 545-47. Dr. Woods opined that Plaintiff could sit, stand, and walk for less than two
hours in a normal workday; occasionally lift and carry less than ten pounds and rarely lift and
carry more than ten pounds; rarely twist, stoop, crouch, climb ladders or stairs; and that she
experienced significant limitations in doing repetitive reaching, handling, or fingering. Id. at 54546. The ALJ afforded little weight to treating physician Dr. Amy Woods’ opinion finding that it
was not supported by relevant evidence and was inconsistent with the record as a whole. Id. at
16. Instead the ALJ “relied heavily on the opinions of State Agency physicians” Dr. Gibson and
Dr. Hulett in formulating Plaintiff’s RFC, finding their opinions “consistent with the record as a
whole.” Docket 7 at 14.
Plaintiff argues that the State Agency evaluating physicians, Dr. Gibson and Dr. Hulett,
never examined Plaintiff nor did they have access to all of the pertinent medical evidence at the
time they rendered their opinions. Docket 11 at 6. Specifically, Dr. Woods’ January 26, 2015
medical source statement was not considered by either State Agency physician in rendering their
opinions as it predates both. Id. at 7. Plaintiff states that Dr. Woods treated Plaintiff
approximately seventeen times and argues that her opinion is substantiated by the objective
medical results of Plaintiff’s MRI and EMG, which she ordered to be completed. Plaintiff avers
that the ALJ’s failure to consider the first two Newton factors before discounting Dr. Woods’
opinion “significantly prejudiced the Plaintiff.” Id. at 10-11.
The law regarding treatment of an opinion from a treating source or treating physician is
clear. Absent reliable medical evidence from a treating or examining specialist, an ALJ may
reject the opinion of a treating physician only if the ALJ performs a detailed analysis of the
treating physician’s views under the criteria set forth in 20 C.F.R. § 404.1527(c)(2) (emphasis
added); see also, Newton v. Apfel, 209 F.3d 448, 453 (5th Cir. 2000). The ALJ is required to
perform a detailed analysis of the treating physician’s opinion using these “Newton factors” only
if there is no reliable medical evidence from another treating or examining physician that
controverts the treating physician’s opinion. See Newton, 209 F.3d at 445-47 (emphasis added);
Rollins v. Astrue, 464 F. App’x 353, 358 (5th Cir. 2012). Additionally, good cause may exist to
allow an ALJ to give lesser weight to evidence from a treating physician relative to other experts
where the treating physician’s evidence is conclusory, is unsupported by medically acceptable
clinical, laboratory, or diagnostic techniques, or is otherwise unsupported by the evidence.
Newton, 209 F.3d at 456.
While it is true that a treating physician’s opinion should be afforded considerable
weight, “the ALJ has sole responsibility for determining a claimant’s disability status […and] is
free to reject the opinion of any physician when the evidence supports a contrary conclusion.”
Newton, 209 F.3d at 455. The Court agrees with the Commissioner that substantial evidence
supports the ALJ’s decision to afford Dr. Woods’ opinion “little weight” due to (1) a lack of
medical evidence demonstrating Plaintiff’s alleged limitations and (2) the presence of medical
evidence from the record contradicting Dr. Woods’ opinion. Docket 12 at 5.
Dr. Woods opined that Plaintiff could sit and stand/walk for less than two hours in a
normal workday and that her impairments would cause her to miss work four or more days per
month. Docket 7 at 546-47. Despite Plaintiff’s frequent subjective complaints of pain, Dr.
Woods’ treatment notes from April 2013 through November 2014 consistently state that Plaintiff
was “in no acute distress” (Id. at 282, 284, 286, 288, 292, 323, 340, 345, 365, 371, 388), and
frequently describe Plaintiff’s lumbar range of motion as normal (Id. at 286, 288, 292, 323, 346,
372, 389). On May 19, 2014, Plaintiff reported that she was not working any longer and could
not stand all day due to joint pain and leg swelling, however, Dr. Woods’ physical examination
only describes Plaintiff’s gait as “slow to rise and get started.” Id. at 366. At Plaintiff’s next visit
on August 4, 2014, the musculoskeletal examination states “free ROM, no tenderness or edema.”
Id at 372. Again on November 4, 2014, despite Plaintiff’s complaints of lower back pain, Dr.
Woods’ noted “no symptoms of joint pains, joint stiffness” and on physical examination
recorded “free ROM, no tenderness or edema” and, despite some tenderness, normal range of
motion and stability in the lumbar spine. Id. at 388-89.
In addition to the lack of support for Dr. Woods’ opinion in her own records, medical
records from Dr. Eddleman, Plaintiff’s rheumatologist, fail to support and at times contradict Dr.
Woods’ opinion. The record contains thirteen treatment records from Dr. Eddleman from August
2011 through December 2014. The ALJ found that, according to Dr. Eddleman, Plaintiff’s
“symptoms are well controlled on medication.” Id. at 16. Specifically, the ALJ notes occasions
on which Plaintiff reported to Dr. Eddleman that she was doing well and had good control of her
joint pain and swelling as well as her symptoms generally. Id.
Consistently throughout Dr. Eddleman’s records, despite subjective complaints of “dull”
or “mild” pain, Plaintiff’s joint pain is described as “well controlled” (Id. at 375, 482, 485, 488,
490, 501, 504, 507, 510, 518, 520) and she displays a normal range of motion without weakness
(Id. at 485, 488, 491, 495, 498, 501, 505, 508, 511, 513). Similarly, Plaintiff’s physical therapy
records from Baptist Rehabilitation from May 10, 2013 through May 26, 2013, demonstrate
improvement over the course of treatment. Id. at 270-80. Plaintiff repeatedly reported decreased
pain, and the records indicate that she tolerated treatment well. Id. at 273, 274, 275, 276, 278.
The record contains reliable medical evidence, including records from treating physician
Dr. Eddleman, that controverts Dr. Woods’ opinion that Plaintiff “constantly” experiences “pain
or other symptoms severe enough to interfere with attention and concentration needed to perform
even simple work tasks during a normal 8 hour workday.” Id. at 545. The record as a whole does
not support Dr. Woods’ opinion that Plaintiff could only sit, stand, and walk for less than two
hours during a normal workday or that Plaintiff experiences “significant limitations” in
repetitively reaching, handling, or fingering. Id. at 547. The lack of evidentiary support in the
record for Dr. Woods’ opinions establishes good cause allowing the ALJ to give lesser weight to
Dr. Woods’ opinion. See Newton, 209 F.3d at 456. Furthermore, the Court finds that the ALJ’s
decision to rely heavily on the opinions of the state agency physicians is supported by substantial
evidence as Dr. Eddleman’s and Dr. Woods’ treatment records, as discussed herein, support their
RFC findings and ultimate disability determination. Docket 7 at 58-64; 76-82.
Plaintiff argues that the ALJ failed to fully and fairly evaluate all record evidence by
failing to mention or mischaracterizing Dr. Woods’ January 26, 2015 letter and Plaintiff’s May
20, 2013 EMG and MRI reports. Docket 11 at 8-9. It is well established in the Fifth Circuit that
an “ALJ must consider all the record evidence and cannot ‘pick and choose’ only the evidence
that supports his position.” Loza v. Apfel, 219 F.3d 378, 393 (5th Cir. 2000), citing Switzer v.
Heckler, 742 F.2d 382, 385-86 (7th Cir. 1984). However, a “pick and choose” error does not
occur where the ALJ considers all of the evidence but decides to afford less weight to a
physician’s opinion. See Stephens v. Barnhart, 174 F. App’x 232, 233 (5th Cir. 2006).
Plaintiff argues that she was prejudiced by the ALJ’s selective reading of the MRI report
and his failure to mention the “severe” findings including “severe disc degenerative change with
marked endplate signal intensity change.” Docket 11 at 9; Docket 7 at 301-02. The EMG report
which Plaintiff claims the ALJ failed to consider similarly found “mild abnormal irritability in
the L-4-/5 paraspinal muscles.” Docket 7 at 303-04. The January 26, 2015 letter describes in
narrative form the limitations outlined in Dr. Woods’ checklist opinion, which the ALJ discussed
at great length. Id. at 50.
There is no indication that the ALJ failed to consider this evidence. The ALJ discussed
the MRI findings and noted the “degenerative change” as well as the “mild dorsal disc bulging”
and “minimal canal compromise.” Docket 7 at 13. The ALJ found that despite these findings, at
a doctor’s visit one month after the MRI, Plaintiff had “no tenderness to palpation in the lumbar
spine and full range of motion” and concluded that Plaintiff’s “physical examinations have been
largely unremarkable, with many notations of normal range of motion and no tenderness in the
lumbar spine.” Id. at 13-14. As discussed herein, the ALJ’s determination that Dr. Woods’
assessments should not be given controlling weight was based on a consideration of all the
Finally, Plaintiff argues that the ALJ erred in failing to conclude that Plaintiff’s arthritis
is a severe impairment. Docket 11 at 12. Plaintiff asserts that “the ALJ failed to consider the
totality of the findings in the MRI” which, in conjunction with Plaintiff’s testimony and
treatment records “demonstrates that [her arthritis] caused significant restrictions.” Id.
The Court agrees with the Commissioner that “there is no evidence that Plaintiff’s
arthritis imposes any functional limitations on Plaintiff’s ability to perform basic work
functions.” Docket 12 at 10. “The mere presence of some impairment is not disabling per se.
Plaintiff must show that she was so functionally impaired […] that she was precluded from
engaging in any substantial gainful activity.” Hames v. Heckler, 707 F.2d 162, 165 (5th Cir.
1983). Despite Plaintiff’s assertions, the record demonstrates an absence of objective medical
evidence indicating that Plaintiff suffered disabling effects from her arthritis. The ALJ properly
considered Plaintiff’s arthritis in her disability determination and concluded that her “spine
disorder and dysfunction of joints…do not cause more than a minimal impact on [her] ability to
perform basic work activities and are therefore nonsevere.” Docket 7 at 13-14. Therefore, as
detailed herein, substantial evidence supports the ALJ’s determination that Plaintiff’s arthritis
was not severe.
After diligent review, the Court concludes that the ALJ properly discounted Dr. Woods’
opinion as it was not supported by substantial evidence. The record contained sufficient medical
evidence from Dr. Eddleman, as well as from Dr. Woods’ records, to enable the ALJ to properly
formulate Plaintiff’s RFC. The Court finds that the ALJ properly considered all of the record
evidence in determining Plaintiff’s impairments and making an ultimate disability finding.
Because the ALJ’s decision was supported by substantial evidence, the Court affirms the
decision of the Commissioner.
A final judgment in accordance with this memorandum opinion will issue this day.
SO ORDERED, this the 26th day of May, 2017.
/s/ Roy Percy
UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
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