Wilson et al v. The Service Companies et al
ORDER granting 5 Motion to Intervene. Signed by District Judge Debra M. Brown on 5/11/17. (tab)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE NORTHERN DISTRICT OF MISSISSIPPI
ALMA DENISE WILSON and
THE SERVICE COMPANIES, FULL
SERVICE SYSTEMS CORPORATION,
and JOHN AND JANE DOES 1-10
ORDER GRANTING LEAVE TO INTERVENE
Before the Court is the “Motion for Leave to File an Intervening Complaint” of Robinson
Property Group Corporation d/b/a Horseshoe Tunica. Doc. #5.
On November 21, 2016, Alma Denise Wilson and Lawrence Wilson filed a complaint
against The Service Companies and Full Service Systems Corporation (collectively, “Service
Companies”), and John and Jane Does 1-10, alleging that Alma sustained injuries when she
slipped and fell while working at Horseshoe Casino Tunica. Doc. #1. In the complaint, the
Wilsons seek compensatory and punitive damages based on claims for loss of consortium;
negligence; negligent hiring, retention, supervision, and training; vicarious liability; and gross
negligence. Id. at 3–6.
On January 9, 2017, Robinson Property Group Corporation d/b/a Horseshoe Tunica
(“RPG”) filed a “Motion for Leave to File an Intervening Complaint” pursuant to Federal Rule
of Civil Procedure 24(a). Doc. #5. RPG asserts in the motion that (1) on the date of her alleged
injuries, Alma was working as an employee of RPG; (2) the Service Companies, who the
Wilsons claim are liable for their alleged injuries and damages, were “an independent contracting
service working at Horseshoe Tunica and [were] responsible for RPG’s janitorial services at the
time of the accident;” and (3) RPG, pursuant to the Mississippi Workers’ Compensation Act,
“has paid temporary total disability workers’ compensation benefits to [Alma] in the amount of
$28,083.16, medical expenses in the amount of $79,647.93, other payments of $3,389.01, and
additional workers’ compensation benefits in the amount of $125,000.00.”1 Doc. #5 at 1–2.
RPG further asserts that it “has a statutory lien against any recovery made by the Plaintiff, and is
entitled to reimbursement, exoneration and a lien from and upon said Defendant, pursuant to
Miss. Code Ann. § 71-3-71.” Id. at 3.
To date, no party has filed an objection to RPG’s motion to intervene.
Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 24(a) provides:
On timely motion, the court must permit anyone to intervene who:
(1) is given an unconditional right to intervene by a federal statute; or
(2) claims an interest relating to the property or transaction that is the subject of
the action, and is so situated that disposing of the action may as a practical matter
impair or impede the movant’s ability to protect its interest, unless existing parties
adequately represent that interest.
To be entitled to intervention as of right under the second prong of Rule 24(a):
(1) the application for intervention must be timely; (2) the applicant must have an
interest relating to the property or transaction which is the subject of the action;
(3) the applicant must be so situated that the disposition of the action may, as a
practical matter, impair his ability to protect that interest; (4) the applicant’s
interest must be inadequately represented by the existing parties to the suit.
Sommers v. Bank of Am., N.A., 835 F.3d 509, 512 (5th Cir. 2016). “Federal courts should allow
intervention where no one would be hurt and the greater justice could be attained.” Texas v.
RPG states that it “was a self-insured employer on May 19, 2014, and continues to be a self-insured employer for
workers’ compensation purposes.” Doc. #5 at 2.
United States, 805 F.3d 653, 657 (5th Cir. 2015).
RPG’s motion is timely, as it was filed just forty-seven days after the Wilsons filed their
amended complaint and approximately a month before any party answered.
Manders, 665 F. App’x 312, 314 (5th Cir. 2016) (“HK’s decision to wait 45 days before seeking
to intervene was not unreasonable and [the] motion was timely ....”). And, because RPG would
be “entitled to repayment of the amount paid by [it] as compensation and medical expenses from
the net proceeds of [this] action,” RPG has an interest in this action. See Miss. Code Ann. § 713-71. Further, if this matter is disposed of without RPG’s participation, RPG’s right to recover
the worker’s compensation benefits, medical expenses, and other sums it has already paid will be
impeded. See Liberty Mut. Ins. Co. v. Shoemake, 111 So.3d 1207, 1214 (Miss. 2013) (“[A]n
employer ... who is denied intervention will be unable to enforce its statutory right of
Under the final test, “[t]he burden of establishing inadequate representation is on the
applicant for intervention. However, the applicant need not show that the representation by
existing parties will be, for certain, inadequate. Instead, the Rule is satisfied if the applicant
shows that the representation of [its] interest may be inadequate.” Texas, 805 F.3d at 661
(internal quotation marks and citations omitted). In this regard, courts have regularly held that
an employer seeking to protect a statutory lien may have different interests than a plaintiff
pursuing a personal injury action against a third party. See, e.g., Perry v. Schneider Nat’l
Carriers, Inc., No. 3:10-cv-455, 2011 WL 93778, at *1 (M.D. Ala. Jan. 11, 2011) (“If, however,
at any time and for any reason Perry opts for an alternative resolution to the case or to withdraw
altogether as is the party’s right, the parallel interests between Perry and MCB and Sedgwick
may collapse and the subrogation interest of MCB and Sedgwick may suffer.”). Such is the case
In sum, the Court concludes that all four requirements for intervention under Rule
24(a)(2) have been met and that, therefore, intervention is appropriate. See Smith Petro. Serv.
Inc. v. Monsanto Chem. Co., 420 F.2d 1103, 1114–15 (5th Cir. 1970) (“It has been held that
where the state workmen’s compensation law permits subrogation of a compensation carrier, the
carrier is entitled to intervene as a matter of right.”). Accordingly, RPG’s motion to intervene
 is GRANTED. RPG has seven (7) days from the date of this order to file its intervening
SO ORDERED, this 11th day of May, 2017.
/s/ Debra M. Brown
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
Although RPG attached its intervening complaint to the motion, it must be filed as a separate docket item.
Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.
Why Is My Information Online?