Watkins et al v. United States Postal Service et al
ORDER denying 23 Motion to Substitute Party. Signed by Magistrate Judge Roy Percy on 11/15/23. (bnd)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
NORTHERN DISTRICT OF MISSISSIPPI
NAVAEH WATKINS, et al.
CAUSE NO.: 3:23cv94-MPM-RP
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
ORDER DENYING MOTION TO SUBSTITUTE
The plaintiff LeQuita Watkins has moved to substitute herself as the property party in
place of her deceased co-plaintiff, Navaeh Watkins. ECF #23. The court finds the motion is
not well taken and should be denied.
Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 25(a)(1) states, in part, “If a party dies and the claim is
not extinguished, the court may order substitution of the proper party.” The “proper party” to
prosecute the personal action of a deceased plaintiff is the deceased plaintiff’s legal
representative. Madison v. Vintage Petroleum, Inc., 872 F.Supp. 340, 342 (S.D. Miss. 1994).
“Unless the estate of a deceased party has been distributed at the time of the making of the
motion for substitution, the ‘proper’ party for substitution would be either the executor or
administrator of the estate of the deceased.” Id. (denying motion to substitute deceased party’s
sole heir as proper party) (quoting Ashley v. Ill. Cent. Gulf R.R. Co., 98 F.R.D. 722, 723 (S.D.
Miss. 1983); see also MISS. CODE. ANN. § 91-7-237 (“When either of the parties to any personal
action shall die before final judgment, the executor or administrator of such deceased party may
prosecute or defend such action, and the court shall render judgment for or against the executor
In the present case, LeQuita Watkins states in her motion that she “is in the process of
opening an estate.” It being apparent that LeQuita Watkins has not been appointed executor or
administrator of the deceased plaintiff’s estate, her motion for substitution must be and is hereby
DENIED. The court will allow an additional period of time – until December 18, 2023 – within
which a motion for substitution may be made, failing which the deceased plaintiff’s action must
This, the 15th day of November, 2023.
/s/ Roy Percy
UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
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