Massachusetts Mutual Life Insurance Company v. Hill
ORDER granting (114) Motion to Dismiss; granting (118) Motion to Strike in case 4:15-cv-00166-DMB-JMV; dismissing with prejudice claims asserted on behalf of Hill's estate, and order to show cause. Signed by District Judge Debra M. Brown on 7/10/18. Associated Cases: 4:15-cv-00166-DMB-JMV, 4:15-cv-00184-DMB-JMV (tab)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE NORTHERN DISTRICT OF MISSISSIPPI
MASSACHUSETTS MUTUAL LIFE
PURVIS WILLIAM HILL, JR.
PURVIS WILLIAM HILL, JR.
MASSACHUSETTS MUTUAL LIFE
INSURANCE COMPANY; and JOHN
These consolidated actions are before the Court on Massachusetts Mutual Life Insurance
Company’s motion to dismiss, Doc. #114; and motion to strike, Doc. #118.
On November 16, 2015, Massachusetts Mutual Life Insurance Company (“Mass Mutual”)
filed a complaint seeking a declaration that Purvis William Hill, Jr., is not due any benefits under
a policy issued by Mass Mutual. Doc. #1. As a basis for jurisdiction, Mass Mutual alleged “[t]here
is a justiciable controversy between Mass Mutual and … Hill … as to whether … Hill qualifies
for any benefits under the … Policy.” Doc. #1 at ¶ 21.1 Exactly one month later, Mass Mutual
removed from the Circuit Court of Coahoma County, Mississippi, an action brought against it by
The Court will cite to the docket of No. 4:15-CV-166, the lead case in this consolidated cases.
Hill related to benefits under the Policy. These two actions were subsequently consolidated.
On August 5, 2016, Mass Mutual filed a “Suggestion of Death” stating that “Counsel for
[Purvis William Hill, Jr.] has notified counsel for Mass Mutual that Dr. Hill passed away on July
26, 2016.” Doc. #41. The notice was electronically mailed to all counsel of record, including
Candace Lenette Williamson, Hill’s daughter and former counsel.2
Approximately three months later, on November 2, 2016, Mass Mutual filed a “Motion for
Order Regarding Substitution of Parties.” Doc. #53. The motion sought (1) an order “stating that
the ninety day time limit under [Federal] Rule 25 has not yet begun to run” or, in the alternative,
“an Order extending the deadline to file a motion for substitution until such time as an estate can
be created for Dr. Hill and an administrator can be appointed to represent his estate;” and (2) “an
Order compelling action and/or information from [Candace] Williamson.” Id. at ¶¶ 10–13.
On November 15, 2016, United States Magistrate Judge Jane M. Virden granted Mass
Mutual’s motion. Doc. #54. In her order, Judge Virden held that “[t]he 90-day period for filing a
motion to substitute pursuant to Rule 25 has not yet begun to run” because “[t]he suggestion of
death has not been served in accordance with Rule 4 on any nonparty.” Id. at 1. The order also
that counsel of record for the decedent file a declaration in this case within 14 days
of this order stating: 1) whether an estate has been or will be opened and the identity
of the estate’s representative; 2) if no estate has been but will be opened, by what
date this will occur; and 3) if no estate has been or will be opened, the identity of
the decedent’s legal successor(s) or representative(s). Counsel is warned that failure
to file such declaration in accordance with this order may result in an appropriate
Id. at 2.
Williamson did not file a declaration within the time allowed and, on December 9, 2016,
As this Court has previously explained, the death of a client terminates an attorney’s authority to act on behalf of the
client in the litigation. See Doc. #66 at 4.
Judge Virden convened a status conference “in reference to counsel[’s] failure to comply with
[the] prior order.” Doc. #57. Following the conference, Judge Virden directed that Williamson
“must file [a] declaration by 5:00 pm [on] 12/12/2016.” Id.
On December 12, 2016, Williamson, as “Former Attorney for Dr. Purvis William Hill Jr.,
Deceased,” filed a “Suggestion of Death of Party and Motion for Continuance.” Doc. #56. In this
filing, Williamson represented that Hill passed away on July 26, 2016, and that an estate for Hill
was opened on or about October 17, 2016. Id. at 1. According to Williamson, the validity of Hill’s
last will and testament was challenged in the Chancery Court of Coahoma County, Mississippi.
Id. at 2–3. Williamson asked that this matter “be stayed for a determination of who will pursue
the claims of the Estate.” Id. at 3.
On December 19, 2016, Mass Mutual filed a response in which it “consent[ed] to a limited
continuance of the deadlines in this case … to the extent such a continuance is necessary … for
the proper party to be substituted for Dr. Hill.” Doc. #59. The same day, Mass Mutual filed a
motion requesting an order “requiring Candace Williamson to provide regular reports about her
efforts in the Chancery Court.” Doc. #58. On December 29, 2016, Williamson responded in
opposition to the motion for reports, Doc. #61; and also filed a second motion to continue, Doc.
On January 5, 2017, this Court reset trial in this matter for June 5, 2017. Doc. #63.
Approximately two weeks later, on January 18, 2017, Judge Virden denied Mass Mutual’s motion
for continued status reports, Doc. #65; and also noticed a telephonic conference for January 19,
On January 19, 2017, this Court issued an order staying the consolidated actions “pending
a determination of who will pursue the claims of the Estate” or for ninety days, whichever came
first. Doc. #66. That day, Williamson did not appear for the scheduled telephonic conference
before Judge Virden. Accordingly, Judge Virden issued an order directing Williamson to submit
periodic status reports including “details of the status of the estate proceedings in Chancery Court”
and “details of efforts made by Ms. Williamson to have a representative appointed for Dr. Hill’s
estate;” and to file the first report on January 24, 2017, and then “file an updated report every 21
days thereafter.” Doc. #67. Williamson filed a status report on January 24, 2017, which included
a status of the chancery proceedings but included no details of efforts to secure a representative.
Doc. #68. This filing is the only status report of record.
On March 6, 2017, Mass Mutual filed a “Motion for Entry of an Order to Show Cause,”
seeking an order requiring Williamson to show cause why the case should not be dismissed. Doc.
#69. Judge Virden noticed the show cause motion for a March 16, 2017, hearing. Doc. #70.
Williamson did not appear for the noticed hearing. See Doc. #71; Doc. #72.
One day after Williamson failed to appear for the show cause hearing, Judge Virden issued
an order awarding Mass Mutual attorney’s fees and expenses associated with its show cause
motion and the subsequent hearing. Doc. #72. Mass Mutual submitted its itemization of fees on
March 24, 2017. Doc. #73. On April 4, 2017, Judge Virden approved a $3,000 fee award and
directed Williamson to pay such amount by May 19, 2017. Doc. #74.
On April 21, 2017, Mass Mutual, citing Williamson’s repeated misconduct, filed the instant
motion to dismiss. Doc. #79. Approximately two weeks later, on May 1, 2017, Williamson filed
a motion to join Hill’s estate in this action. Doc. #82. On May 4, 2017, Judge Virden denied the
motion for joinder “[f]or a myriad of reasons, including the fact that … Williamson only has
authority to seek extensions of time in this matter.” Doc. #83. In the same order, Judge Virden
stayed the consolidated actions “until the earlier of 60 days from this date or appointment of an
administrator [of the Estate].” Id.
Williamson failed to pay the $3,000 fee by the ordered date and Mass Mutual, on June 1,
2017, filed a motion to compel the payment. Doc. #87. This motion was noticed for a hearing on
June 22, 2017. Doc. #88. Williamson did not appear for the June 22, 2017, hearing.
On June 26, 2017, Judge Virden awarded Mass Mutual an additional $1,000 in fees and
directed Williamson to pay the total $4,000 amount within seven days of the order. Doc. #90. The
order provided that failure to do so would result in an additional sanction of one hundred dollars a
Three days later, on June 29, 2017, Judge Virden ordered Williamson to show cause why
she should not be barred from entering a new appearance in the Northern District of Mississippi
for a 120-day period. Doc. #91. Consistent with this order, Judge Virden scheduled a show cause
hearing for July 11, 2017. Doc. #92. Williamson failed to appear for the July 11, 2017, hearing.
On July 12, 2017, Judge Virden issued a report and recommendation recommending that
Williamson be barred from entering new appearances in this District for a 120-day period. Doc.
#96. Williamson did not object to the report and recommendation. Accordingly, the undersigned,
finding no plain error, adopted the report and recommendation on July 31, 2017. Doc. #98.
On October 11, 2017, Mass Mutual filed a motion representing that Williamson and
Sammy Ellis had been appointed co-executors of Hill’s estate. Doc. #100. The motion sought
substitution of Williamson and Ellis as parties. Id. Judge Virden granted this motion on November
7, 2017. Doc. #101.
On November 7, 2017, Williamson and Sammy J. Ellis, co-executors of the Estate of Purvis
William Hill, Jr., were substituted for Hill as plaintiffs in this action.
Doc. #101 at 2.
Approximately one month after the substitution, on December 5, 2017, Mass Mutual filed a motion
for summary judgment. Doc. #108. Approximately two weeks later, Mass Mutual filed a motion
to dismiss. Doc. #114.
Neither Williamson nor Ellis responded to either motion. On April 5, 2018, this Court
entered an order directing Williamson and Ellis to respond to both the motion to dismiss and the
motion for summary judgment on or before April 19, 2018. Doc. #115 at 1–2. The order warned
that “[f]ailure to respond to the motions within the time allowed will likely result in case dispositive
sanctions” and that “[n]o extensions of the response deadline will be granted in the absence of
extraordinary circumstances.” Id. at 2.
Neither Williamson nor Ellis responded by the April 19, 2018, deadline. However, on May
1, 2018, Williamson, without seeking leave to respond out of time, filed a response in opposition
to the motion for summary judgment, Doc. #116, and to the motion to dismiss, Doc. #117. The
responses, which are about two pages each, contain no justification for the late filing. Additionally,
the documents wholly fail to address the specific arguments raised by Mass Mutual and,
amazingly, do not contain a single citation to authority.
On May 2, 2018, Mass Mutual filed a motion to strike the untimely responses. Doc. #118.
Neither Williamson nor Ellis responded to the motion to strike.
Motion to Strike
In its motion to strike, Mass Mutual argues that Williamson’s responses should be stricken
because they are untimely and Williamson has offered no justification for their untimeliness. Id.
at 3–4. A court, in the exercise of its inherent power to control its docket, may strike an untimely
document. Rashid v. Delta State Univ., 306 F.R.D. 530, 534 (N.D. Miss. 2015). There is no
dispute that Williamson’s responses were untimely.
Accordingly, given the history of
Williamson’s repeated disregard for the Court’s orders and procedural rules described above, the
motion to strike such documents is granted.
Motion to Dismiss
Mass Mutual contends that the claims of Hill’s estate should be dismissed under Federal
Rule of Civil Procedure 41 or this Court’s inherent authority based on Williamson’s conduct
throughout this litigation.
Federal Rule 41(b) provides that “[i]f the plaintiff fails to prosecute or to comply with these
rules or a court order, a defendant may move to dismiss the action or any claim against it.” To
dismiss a claim with prejudice under Rule 41(b), there must be at least (1) “a clear record of delay
or contumacious conduct by the plaintiff,” and (2) a finding “that lesser sanctions would not
prompt diligent prosecution” or a record showing “that the district court employed lesser sanctions
that proved to be futile.” Tello v. Comm’r of Internal Revenue, 410 F.3d 743, 744 (5th Cir. 2005).
Additionally, the Fifth Circuit has observed that it “generally will affirm a dismissal only if [it]
find[s] at least one of three aggravating factors: (1) delay caused by the plaintiff himself; (2) actual
prejudice to the defendant; or (3) delay as a result of … intentional conduct.” Id.
In seeking dismissal, Mass Mutual points to Williamson’s conduct throughout this
litigation, and argues that it has been prejudiced by the delays caused by Williamson and by the
attorney’s fees it has incurred in attempting to coerce Williamson’s compliance. Doc. #114 at 8–
Williamson, both as an attorney and as a litigant, has engaged in contumacious conduct by
flagrantly disregarding numerous orders of the Court. See Xyngular v. Schenkel, 890 F.3d 868,
873 (10th Cir. 2018) (“[C]ircuits have affirmed terminating sanctions where bad faith prelitigation
conduct extended into court proceedings.”) (collecting cases). Also, based on Williamson’s
continued violations of Court orders, as well as her refusal to pay court-ordered sanctions, the
Court finds that lesser sanctions would be futile.3 Further, the Court finds that Mass Mutual has
been prejudiced in this matter by incurring substantial attorney’s fees related to Williamson’s
conduct, which Williamson has refused to pay as ordered by the Court. Accordingly, dismissal4
of Hill’s estate’s claims for failure to prosecute is warranted.5
Mass Mutual’s motion to strike  and motion to dismiss  are both GRANTED.
Accordingly, Williamson’s responses  are STRICKEN; and the claims asserted on
behalf of Hill’s estate are DISMISSED with prejudice. In light of this dismissal, Mass Mutual
is ORDERED to show cause, within fourteen (14) days of this order, why its motion for summary
judgment should not be denied as moot, and why its claim for declaratory judgment, which was
premised on the controversy related to Hill’s claims for benefits, should not be dismissed for lack
SO ORDERED, this 10th day of July, 2018.
/s/Debra M. Brown
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
In reaching this conclusion, the Court considered whether dismissal of just Williamson as a co-executor would ensure
compliance with regard to the claims of the Estate. However, insofar as Ellis has himself violated orders which warned
of dismissal as a sanction, and has declined to file a single document since being substituted, the Court concludes that
allowing him to proceed as the sole executor would not prompt diligent prosecution of this action. See generally
Custer v. Pan Am. Life Ins. Co., 12 F.3d 410, 415 (4th Cir. 1993) (“If the court were to determine that the plaintiff’s
failure to respond [to a motion for summary judgment] constituted a failure to prosecute, then it could dismiss the
action.”); Lediju v. N.Y.C. Dep’t of Sanitation, 173 F.R.D. 105, 111 (S.D.N.Y. 1997) (finding failure to prosecute
where plaintiff conducted no discovery and failed to respond to motion for summary judgment).
Even had the Court considered Williamson’s now-stricken response to the motion to dismiss, it would not save this
action from dismissal. In the response, Williamson argued in conclusory fashion that Hill’s will has been contested
and that “[d]ismissal is a harsh and undesired penalty for all of the beneficiaries under the pending Estate and this
Court can remedy any delay on this case by other means.” Doc. #117 at 3. The existence of any innocent beneficiaries,
however, does not justify denial of Mass Mutual’s motion. See Comstock v. UPS Ground Freight, Inc., 775 F.3d 990,
993 (8th Cir. 2014) (‘[Administrator] also argues that with her suit dismissed, creditors and beneficiaries of [the] estate
will lose recovery through no fault of their own. But [the administrator] cites no cases holding that a court must
consider a sanction’s secondary effects on non-parties, and we are unaware of any such rule.”).
Having reached this conclusion, the Court declines to consider whether dismissal would also be appropriate under
this Court’s inherent authority to sanction.
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