Harris v. Pennington et al
ORDER denying 25 Motion for Preliminary Injunction. Signed by District Judge Michael P. Mills on 10/17/17. (cr)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE NORTHERN DISTRICT OF MISSISSIPPI
WILLIE J. HARRIS
CIVIL ACTION NO. 4:17CV67-MPM-JMV
RICHARD PENNINGTON, ET AL.
ORDER DENYING PLAINTIFF’S MOTION FOR A
Plaintiff Willie J. Harris, an inmate housed in Unit 30 D-Building at the Mississippi State
Penitentiary, has filed a motion for preliminary injunction. Harris’ housing zone is currently on
lockdown, and he seeks an order requiring Defendants to provide him with canteen and visitation
privileges. See Doc. #25 at 2.
A party must prove each of four elements to be entitled to injunctive relief: (1) a
substantial likelihood of success on the merits; (2) a substantial threat of irreparable injury if the
injunction is not issued; (3) that the threatened injury to the movant outweighs any harm that the
injunction will cause the nonmovant; and (4) that the injunction will not disserve the public
interest. Women=s Med. Ctr. of Northwest Houston v. Bell, 248 F.3d 411, 419 n.15 (5th Cir.
2001); DSC Communications Corp. v. DGI Technologies, Inc., 81 F.3d 597, 600 (5th Cir. 1996).
It is an extraordinary remedy that is Anot to be granted routinely, but only when the movant, by a
clear showing, carries [the] burden of persuasion.@ Black Fire Fighters Association v. City of
Dallas, 905 F.2d 63, 65 (5th Cir. 1990) (quotation omitted); Lewis v. S.S. Baune, 534 F.2d 1115,
1121 (5th Cir. 1976) (AAn injunction is an extraordinary remedy and should not issue except
upon a clear showing of possible irreparable injury[.]@).
Harris maintains that the extended period of lockdown has arbitrarily denied him of his
rights without due process. However, the Fifth Circuit has held that “[p]rison officials should be
accorded the widest possible deference in the application of policies and practices designed to
maintain security and preserve internal order.” McCord v. Maggio, 910 F.2d 1248, 1251 (5th
Cir.1990). Harris’ complaint of the loss of privileges during the course of a zone-wide lockdown
does not implicate a liberty interest. See Wilkerson v. Goodwin, 774 F.3d 845, 853 (5th Cir.
2014) (citing previous rulings “that ‘absent extraordinary circumstances,’ administrative
segregation that is merely ‘incident to the ordinary life as a prisoner’ is not grounds for a
constitutional claim, because it simply ‘does not constitute a deprivation of a constitutionally
cognizable liberty interest’”) (citations omitted); Madison v. Parker, 104 F.3d 765, 768 (5th
Cir.1997) (noting liberty interests protected by the Due Process Clause are generally limited
those regulations affecting “the quantity of time rather than the quality of time served by a
prisoner”); McCray v. Sullivan, 509 F.2d 1332, 1334 (5th Cir.1975) (“[V]isitation privileges are
a matter subject to the discretion of prison officials and are not a constitutional right.”).
Because Harris does not possess a constitutional right to commissary or visitation
privileges, the Court finds that Harris is unable to demonstrate a substantial likelihood of success
on the merits of his claim. Therefore, the instant motion for a preliminary injunction  is
SO ORDERED this 17th day of October, 2017.
/s/ Michael P. Mills
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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