Smith v. Mississippi Department of Corrections et al
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER granting 26 Motion for Summary Judgment. Signed by Magistrate Judge John C. Gargiulo on 2/9/17. (JCH)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF MISSISSIPPI
TYLER JAMES SMITH
CIVIL ACTION NO. 1:15-cv-337-JCG
MICHAEL TURNER, Warden, et al.
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER GRANTING DEFENDANTS’
MOTION FOR SUMMARY JUDGMENT FOR PLAINTIFF’S FAILURE TO
EXHAUST ADMINISTRATIVE REMEDIES
BEFORE THE COURT is the Complaint filed by Plaintiff Tyler James Smith,
a postconviction inmate in the custody of the Mississippi Department of Corrections
(MDOC). Plaintiff is proceeding pro se and in forma pauperis. Defendants Marshall
Turner, Gary Holton, and Sherry Green have filed a Motion for Summary
Judgment, alleging that Plaintiff failed to exhaust available administrative
remedies before filing suit in federal court. (ECF No. 26).
An omnibus hearing, which also operated as a Spears hearing,1 was held on
August 15, 2016. Plaintiff was ordered to file a Response to Defendants’ Motion for
Summary Judgment by September 6, 2016. Plaintiff did not do so. An Order to
Show Cause then issued, requiring Plaintiff to respond to the Motion for Summary
Judgment by December 1, 2016. Plaintiff signed for and received the Order to Show
Cause (ECF No. 33) but still did not file a Response. Plaintiff did not fully exhaust
MDOC’s Administrative Remedy Program (ARP) with respect to his claims before
seeking relief in federal court, and his claims must be dismissed.
Spears v. McCotter, 766 F.2d 179 (5th Cir. 1985).
A. Summary Judgment Standard
Summary Judgment is mandated against the party who fails to make a
showing sufficient to establish the existence of an element essential to that party’s
case and on which that party has the burden of proof at trial. Fed. R. Civ. P. 56(e);
Celotex Corp. v. Catrett, 477 U.S. 317, 322 (1986). A motion for summary judgment
shall be granted “if the movant shows that there is no genuine dispute of material
fact and the movant is entitled to judgment as a matter of law.” Fed. R. Civ. P.
56(a). In evaluating a motion for summary judgment, the Court must construe “all
facts and inferences in the light most favorable to the non-moving party.” McFaul v.
Valenzuela, 684 F.3d 564, 571 (5th Cir. 2012).
B. Plaintiff Failed to Exhaust Administrative Remedies
Under the Prison Litigation Reform Act (PLRA), Pub. L. No. 104-134, 110
Stat. 1321, H.R. 3019 (codified as amended in scattered titles and sections of the
U.S.C.), prisoners are required to exhaust available administrative remedies before
filing a conditions-of-confinement lawsuit:
No action shall be brought with respect to prison conditions
under [42 U.S.C. § 1983], or any other Federal law, by a
prisoner confined in any jail, prison, or other correctional
facility until such administrative remedies as are available
42 U.S.C. § 1997e(a).
The PLRA’s exhaustion requirement protects administrative agency
authority, promotes efficiency, and produces “a useful record for subsequent judicial
consideration.” Woodford v. Ngo, 548 U.S. 81, 89 (2006). A prisoner’s failure to
exhaust available administrative remedies undermines these purposes.
The benefits of exhaustion can be realized only if the prison
grievance system is given a fair opportunity to consider the
grievance. The prison grievance system will not have such
an opportunity unless the grievant complies with the
system's critical procedural rules. A prisoner who does not
want to participate in the prison grievance system will
have little incentive to comply with the system's procedural
rules unless noncompliance carries a sanction . . . .
Woodford, 548 U.S. at 95.
Exhaustion “is a threshold issue that courts must address to determine
whether litigation is being conducted in the right forum at the right time.” Dillon v.
Rogers, 596 F.3d 260, 272 (5th Cir. 2010). Dismissal is mandatory where a prisoner
fails to properly exhaust the available prison grievance process before filing suit in
federal court. Gonzalez v. Seal, 702 F.3d 785, 788 (5th Cir. 2012). “[J]udges may
resolve factual disputes concerning exhaustion without the participation of a jury.”
Dillon, 596 F.3d at 272.
MDOC has implemented an ARP through which prisoners may seek formal
review of a grievance relating to any aspect of incarceration. See Miss. Code Ann.§
47-5-801 (granting MDOC authority to adopt an administrative review procedure).
The ARP has been summarized by this Court as follows:
The ARP is a two-step process. Inmates are required to
initially submit their grievances in writing to the Legal
Claims Adjudicator within thirty days of the incident. If,
after screening, a grievance is accepted into the ARP, the
request is forwarded to the appropriate official, who will
issue a First Step Response. If the inmate is unsatisfied
with this response, he may continue to the Second Step by
using ARP Form ARP-2 and sending it to the Legal Claims
Adjudicator. Once an inmate’s request for remedy is
accepted into the procedure, [he or she] must use the
manila envelope that is furnished with his/her Step One
response to continue the procedure. A final decision will be
made by the Superintendent, Warden or Community
Corrections Director. If the offender is not satisfied with
the Second Step Response, he may file suit in state or
Stewart v. Woodall, No. 2:11-cv-207-KS-MTP, 2012 WL 2088883, *2 (S.D. Miss. May
2, 2012)(internal citation omitted).
Defendants have provided the affidavit of Joseph Cooley, custodian of the
ARP records at the South Mississippi Correctional Institution. Cooley avers:
We have no record that Offender Tyler James Smith
155793, submitted any ARP grievance through the
Administrative Remedy Program regarding being
assaulted by Offender Christopher Hutcheson at SMCI in
February 2015, or regarding the alleged failure of officials
at SMCI to protect him from Offender Hutcheson.
We have no record that Offender Smith filed any ARP
grievance regarding any matter at SMCI.
(ECF No. 26-1).
Plaintiff did not respond to Defendants’ Motion for Summary Judgment. He
has not rebutted the evidence indicating that he did not properly exhaust the
available prison grievance process before filing suit in federal court. Plaintiff’s suit
is therefore barred by 42 U.S.C. § 1997e(a) and must be dismissed.
IT IS, THEREFORE, ORDERED AND ADJUDGED that Defendants’
Motion for Summary Judgment for Failure to Exhaust Administrative Remedies
(ECF No. 26) is GRANTED. All of Plaintiffs claims are dismissed. A separate final
judgment will be entered as required by Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 58.
SO ORDERED, this the 9th day of February, 2017.
John C. Gargiulo
JOHN C. GARGIULO
UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
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