Shelby v. Enlers et al

Filing 54

ORDER granting Defendants' 34 Motion for Summary Judgment; adopting Judge Mike Parker's 51 Report and Recommendations dismissing claims with prejudice. A separate Judgment shall be entered. Signed by District Judge Keith Starrett on November 2, 2010 (dsl)

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-MTP Shelby v. Enlers et al Doc. 54 IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF MISSISSIPPI HATTIESBURG DIVISION DELMAR EARL SHELBY VS. CAPTAIN NINA ENLERS, ET AL CIVIL ACTION NO. 2:09cv221-KS-MTP ORDER ACCEPTING MAGISTRATE JUDGE'S RECOMMENDATION AND DISMISSING CASE WITH PREJUDICE, ETC. This cause is before the Court on Defendants' Motion for Summary Judgment [34] and sua sponte for evaluation pursuant to 28 U.S.C. 1915(e)(2). Report and Recommendation filed by Magistrate Judge Michael T. Parker [51], Objection thereto filed by Plaintiff [53]. The Court has considered the above documents, as well as the record and applicable law and being fully advised in the premises, finds that the Motion for Summary Judgment should be granted and this action dismissed. 1. PROCEDURAL HISTORY Plaintiff Delmar Earl Shelby, proceeding pro se and in forma pauperis, filed his civil rights complaint [1] on October 29, 2009. As set forth in his complaint and as clarified during his Spears1 hearing, Plaintiff asserts a claim against Captain Nina Enlers for excessive force, a claim against Sergeant Quinton Williams for failure to protect, and a claim against both Defendants for the denial and/or delay of adequate medical treatment. See Omnibus Order [28]. Spears v. McCotter, 766 F.2d 179 (5th Cir. 1985). Plaintiff's Spears hearing occurred on April 22, 2010. 1 1 Dockets.Justia.com Plaintiff's claims occurred while he was a post-conviction inmate at the South Mississippi Correctional Institution ("SMCI"). He is currently incarcerated at the Central Mississippi Correctional Facility. Defendants filed their Motion for Summary Judgment [34] on July 1, 2009. Plaintiff filed his Response [48][49] in opposition to the motion on September 20, 2010. II. STANDARD OF REVIEW When a party objects to a Report and Recommendation this Court is required to "make a de novo determination of those portions of the report or specified proposed findings or recommendations to which objection is made." 28 U.S.C. 636(b)(1). See also Longmire v. Gust, 921 F.2d 620, 623 (5th Cir. 1991) (Party is "entitled to a de novo review by an Article III Judge as to those issues to which an objection is made.") Such review means that this Court will examine the entire record and will make an independent assessment of the law. The Court is not required, however, to reiterate the findings and conclusions of the Magistrate Judge. Koetting v. Thompson, 995 F.2d 37, 40 (5th Cir. 1993) nor need it consider objections that are frivolous, conclusive or general in nature. Battle v. United States Parole Commission, 834 F.2d 419, 421 (5th Cir. 1997). No factual objection is raised when a petitioner merely reurges arguments contained in the original petition. Edmond v. Collins, 8 F.3d 290, 293 (5th Cir. 1993). III. PETITIONER'S OBJECTIONS AND ANALYSIS The Plaintiff's Objections are as follows: Objection No. 1: Creation of Supervisory or Respondeat Superior Liability. The Court is unclear whether or not there is an objection by the Plaintiff. However, supervisory liability is very limited in 1983 cases. In the case before the Court there is no 2 possibility of supervisory liability. Objection No. 2: Stating a cause of action under 1983. In his complaint the Plaintiff alleges that Captain Nina Enlers assaulted him by slapping him across both of his ears and causing excruciating pain. Judge Parker, in his Report and Recommendation, assumed that this was true, even though Captain Enlers denied the actions. Judge Parker, however, found that the injuries caused were de minimis and that even assuming the actions of Captain Enlers were improper, the action does not rise to the level of a constitutional violation because the force used was de minimis and there was very little, if any, injury. Judge Parker went through an analysis of what excessive force included and found that excessive force claims did not apply. There is no respondeat superior liability under 1983 and the only person who could be responsible for the actions were Captain Enler and because of the level of injury, she is not liable under 1983. Objection No. 3: Failure to protect claimed. When the actual actor, herein Captain Enlers, is not liable because the injuries are de minimis a person who is alleged to have an obligation to protect plaintiff, here Sargent Williams, can also not be liable. Williams has an obligation to protect Plaintiff from serious injuries and even though this Court does not support any abuse whatsoever of prisoners, what is being addressed here is a constitutional violation. If there was no constitutional violation then there is also no constitutional violation resulting from Sargent Williams failure to protect Plaintiff from de minimis injuries. Objection No. 4: Plaintiff objects to Captain Enlers being entitled to a judgment according to law. 3 If a Plaintiff has not proved his case and there is no dispute as to any material facts, then the Defendants, Movants herein, are entitled to a judgment as a matter of law. Objection No. 5: Denial and delay of adequate medical treatment. Judge Parker in his Report and Recommendation, found that the medical treatment was timely and sufficient. There must be a finding of deliberate indifference for there to be a constitutional violation for failure to provide medical treatment. This has not been shown and this objection has no merit. Qualified immunity. This was not addressed in the Report and Recommendation. State Law Claims. The state law claims should be dismissed without prejudice in holding with the Fifth Circuit's general rule. IV. CONCLUSION As required by 28 U.S.C. 636(b)(1) this Court has conducted an independent review of the entire record and a de novo review of the matters raised by the objections. For the reasons set forth above, this Court concludes that Delmar Earl Shelby's objections lack merit and should be overruled. The Court further concludes that the Report and Recommendation is an accurate statement of the facts and the correct analysis of the law in all regards. Therefore, the Court accepts, approves and adopts the Magistrate Judges's factual findings and legal conclusions contained in the Report and Recommendation. Accordingly, it is ordered that the United States Magistrate Judge Michael T. Parker's Report and Recommendation is accepted pursuant to 28 U.S.C. 636(b)(1) and that Delmar Earl Shelby's claim is dismissed with prejudice. All other 4 pending motions are denied as moot. SO ORDERED this, the 2nd day of November, 2010. s/Keith Starrett UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE 5

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