Windham v. Marion-Walthall Corr. Facility
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER granting 12 Motion to Dismiss; adopting Report and Recommendations re 16 Report and Recommendations. Petitioner's Petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus is dismissed with prejudice. A separate Judgment will be entered herein. Signed by District Judge Keith Starrett on 8/2/12 (scp)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF MISSISSIPPI
OTIS E. WINDHAM, #10746
CIVIL ACTION NO.: 2:11cv210-KS-MTP
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER
This matter is before the Court on the pro se Petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus of Otis
E. Windham pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2254  and the Respondent’s Motion to Dismiss for
Failure to State a Claim upon which Relief Can Be Granted, or, in the Alternative, as
Procedurally Barred . The Court considered the same and other pleadings, pertinent law, the
Report and Recommendation filed on July 10, 2012 by United States Magistrate Judge Michael
T. Parker , and the Respondent’s limited objection to the Magistrate Judge’s Report and
Recommendation . The Petitioner’s claims are dismissed with prejudice.
Pro se Petitioner Otis E. Windham is currently incarcerated in the Wilkinson County
Correctional Facility.1 The Petitioner received a Rule Violation Report (RVR), No. 976259, on
May 2, 2011 for being in possession of mobile phones and was found guilty after a disciplinary
hearing conducted on May 4, 2011. As a result of the disciplinary hearing, the Petitioner lost his
trusty status for 180 days, was placed in isolation for 10 days, and lost telephone and visitation
privileges for 30 days. See Petition  at 1; RVR [12-1] at 5. The Petitioner unsuccessfully
Respondent Jacquelyn Banks is the former warden of WCCF; Raymond Byrd now serves as the warden
of WCCF. See http://www.mdoc.state.ms.us/Five%20Private%20Prisons.htm (last visited August 1,
appealed the RVR through the Administrative Remedy Program (ARP). See Response to Order
; Ex. A to Motion [12-1].
On October 17, 2011, the Petitioner filed the instant federal habeas corpus petition
seeking the return of his 180 days of trusty time.2 See Petition ; Response . The Respondent
moves to dismiss the petition based on the Petitioner’s failure to state a claim, and, alternatively,
for his failure to exhaust state remedies. The Petitioner did not respond to the Respondent’s
motion despite an Order  from the court to do so.
The Petitioner’s habeas corpus petition was filed after the effective date of The
Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act (AEDPA). AEDPA and the case law interpreting
it provide the standards for evaluating the petition. See Neal v. Puckett, 286 F.3d 230, 235 (5th
Cir. 2002), cert. denied, 537 U.S. 1104 (2003).
Exhaustion of state remedies is a mandatory prerequisite to federal habeas relief under 28
U.S.C. § 2254:
(b)(1) An application for a writ of habeas corpus on behalf of a person in custody
pursuant to the judgment of a State Court shall not be granted unless it appears
(A) the applicant has exhausted the remedies available in the courts of the
(B)(i) there is an absence of available State corrective process; or
(ii) circumstances exist that render such process ineffective to protect
the rights of the applicant.
(c) An applicant shall not be deemed to have exhausted the remedies available in
the courts of the State, within the meaning of this section, if he has the right under the law
of the State to raise, by any available procedure, the question presented.
The Petitioner has not appealed the ARP’s decision with the appropriate circuit court or
the Mississippi Supreme Court. Since the state did not have a fair opportunity to rule on this
Petitioner also originally sought monetary damages, which are unavailable in a petition for habeas
corpus. See Order .
claim, it is procedurally barred from review by this Court. Sones v. Hargett, 61 F.3d 410, 416
(5th Cir. 1995) (citing Coleman v. Thompson, 501 U.S. 722, 111 S.Ct. 2546, 115 L.Ed.2d 640
(1991)). To exhaust state remedies means to give state courts an opportunity to act on claims
before taking the issue(s) to the federal level. O’Sullivan v. Boerckel, 526 U.S. 838, 119 S.Ct.
1728, 842-43 (1999). Moreover, the claim is now barred from state court because the Petitioner
failed to appeal the ARP’s decision to the state court within the allowed thirty (30) days. When
an issue is barred in state court, it is clear that it is also barred from federal review. Coleman,
supra, at n.1. The Petitioner admits not having sought relief through the state courts. See
Response to Order . The Petitioner was given notice that he had thirty (30) days to appeal the
decision and even signed said notice on September 9, 2011. See Response to Order Exhibit [6-1].
The Petitioner no longer has a means through which to exhaust his claims at the state level.
The Court may dismiss a claim with prejudice when it is clear the Petitioner’s claims are
barred from both state and federal review. Johnson v. Louisiana ex rel. Louisiana Dept. of Public
Safety and Corrections, et al., 468 F.3d 278, 280-81 (5th Cir. 2006). It is responsible for the
Court to dismiss with prejudice when “it is obvious that the unexhausted claim would be
procedurally barred in state court . . . [to] forego the needless ‘judicial ping-pong’ . . .” Steele v.
Young, 11 F.3d 1518, 1524 (10th Cir. 1993) (citing Coleman, supra, at n.1.).
Even if the Petitioner’s claim was neither unexhausted nor barred, it is likely without
merit. There is no protected liberty interest in “trusty time.” Dukes v. Epps, No. 2:11cv91-P-S,
2011 WL 4047335 at 2 (N.D. Miss. Sept. 12, 2011). The “decision whether to award earned time
to offenders is left to the discretion of the prison officials, and therefore, the statute affords a
prisoner no constitutionally recognized liberty interest.” Bradley v. Byrd, No. 1:08cv1440HSOJMR, 2009 WL 2606241 at 2 (S.D. Miss. Aug. 19, 2009).
IT IS THEREFORE ORDERED AND ADJUDGED that the Petitioner’s petition for
writ of habeas corpus  under 28 U.S.C. § 2254 be DISMISSED WITH PREJUDICE for the
reasons stated above and those reasons stated in the Report and Recommendation by Magistrate
Judge Parker on July 20, 2012. A separate judgment shall be entered herein in accordance with
Rule 58, Federal Rules of Civil Procedure.
SO ORDERED AND ADJUDGED on this, the 2nd day of August, 2012.
S/ Keith Starrett
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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