Savinell v. Epps
Memorandum Opinion and Order. The Court granted Defendant's 28 Motion for Summary Judgment for Failure to Exhaust Available Administrative Remedies. The Complaint is dismissed without prejudice. Final Judgment shall be entered. Signed by Magistrate Judge Linda R. Anderson on 8/24/2015. (ACF)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF MISSISSIPPI
RYAN ANTHONY SAVINELL
CIVIL ACTION NO. 3:14CV516-LRA
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER
Defendant Christopher Epps filed a Motion for Summary Judgment Based on
Failure to Exhaust Available Administrative Remedies . He alleges that Ryan
Anthony Savinell (hereinafter “Plaintiff” or “Savinell”) failed to exhaust the remedies
available through the Administrative Remedy Program (ARP) of the Mississippi
Department of Corrections [MDOC]. In support, Epps attached the February 24, 2015,
Affidavit of Joseph Cooley, the custodian of the Administrative Remedy Program [ARP]
records at the South Mississippi Correctional Institution [SMCI] in Leakesville,
Mississippi [Exhibit 1, 28-1]. Having reviewed the pleadings and the record in this cause,
as well as Savinell’s sworn testimony at the March 18, 2015, omnibus hearing, the Court
finds that the motion is well-advised and shall be granted. Savinell has failed to exhaust
the administrative remedies provided by MDOC, and the applicable law requires that his
complaint be dismissed for this reason.
While he was an inmate at SMCI, Savinell filed this 42-page complaint on July 3,
2014, against Epps, charging that he was treated as a slave while in the custody of
MDOC, being forced to work without pay in field operations and the kitchen; that he had
no real access to a law library; that he was denied free postage to mail letters to the
newspapers; that he received illegal rule violation reports [RVRs]; that he was illegally
convicted; that he was denied exercise; that he was placed in segregation for 60 days with
no exercise; and, that his bond was revoked without cause in 2009. The claims against
Epps are Savinell’s claim that he has the right to be paid for work, that he had no access
to the courts and/or to the media. No other defendants are named for the remaining
Epps asserts that Plaintiff failed to complete the entire administrative review
process before filing suit. According to the affidavit by Mr. Cooley, Savinell submitted a
“voluminous” grievance through the ARP at SMCI regarding numerous issues, including
that he was being utilized as unpaid slave labor, was wrongfully denied access to the law
library, and was wrongfully convicted. On May 30, 2014, the grievance was sent back to
Savinell with a note advising him that the volume of material was too great, and that the
ARP rules required that each grievance submitted could only address one issue. Mr.
Cooley avers that Savinell did not send any additional grievances for any issue.
Savinell filed this complaint on July 3, 2014. On page 3 of his complaint ,
when asked if he had completed the ARP regarding his claims, he wrote “the ARP
Department said the ARP was too long.”
Because Savinell did not properly exhaust his claims, Epps requests that summary
judgment be entered in his favor. Summary judgment is appropriate “if the pleadings,
depositions, answers to interrogatories, and admissions on file, together with the
affidavits, if any, show that there is no genuine issue as to any material fact and that the
moving party is entitled to judgment as a matter of law.” FED. R. CIV. P. 56(c). See also
Celotex Corp. v. Catrett, 477 U.S. 317, 322–23 (1986). In response to a motion for
summary judgment, the non-moving party must provide specific proof demonstrating a
triable issue of fact as to each of the elements required to establish the claim asserted.
Washington v. Armstrong World Indus., 839 F.2d 1121, 1122–23 (5th Cir. 1988). The
court must resolve all reasonable doubts about the existence of a genuine issue of material
fact against the movant. Byrd v. Roadway Express, Inc., 687 F.2d 85, 87 (5th Cir. 1982).
The applicable section of the Prison Litigation Reform Act (“PLRA”), 42 U.S.C. §
1997(e), provides that “[n]o action shall be brought with respect to prison conditions
under section 1983 of this title, or any other Federal law, by a prisoner confined in any
jail, prison, or other correctional facility until such administrative remedies as are
available are exhausted.”
This statute clearly requires an inmate bringing a civil rights action in this Court to
first exhaust his available administrative remedies. Booth v. Churner, 532 U.S. 731, 739
(2001). Exhaustion will not be excused when an inmate fails to timely exhaust his
administrative remedies; the exhaustion requirement also means “proper exhaustion.”
Woodford v. Ngo, 548 U.S. 81, 83-84 (2006). It is not enough to merely initiate the
grievance process or to put prison officials on notice of a complaint; the grievance
process must be carried through to its conclusion. Wright v. Hollingsworth, 260 F.3d
357, 358 (5th Cir. 2001). Exhaustion is mandatory under the PLRA and “unexhausted
claims cannot be brought in court.” Jones v. Bock, 549 U.S. 199, 211 (2007).
The PLRA governs all of Savinell’s claims. Accordingly, he is required to
complete the ARP process in its entirety before he is able to file suit under § 1983. The
records reflect that Savinell’s ARP regarding his general complaints was rejected as not
complying with the policy requiring that each ARP contain only one issue. Savinell
admits in his Complaint that his ARP was rejected for having too many issues, and he
admitted this fact under oath at the omnibus hearing conducted by the Court. The Court
finds that Defendant Epps has submitted competent proof of Savinell’s non-exhaustion,
and Savinell has admitted that he failed to exhaust his administrative remedies.
Savinell may not agree that his ARP was too long and he may not agree with the
policy that only one claim should be submitted at a time. However, this Court has no
power to construct the ARP policies for a prison. The requirement of exhaustion applies
regardless of a plaintiff’s opinion on the efficacy of the institution’s administrative
remedy program. Alexander v. Tippah County, MS, 351 F.3d 626, 630 (5th Cir. 2003). It
is not for this Court to decide whether the procedures “satisfy minimum acceptable
standards of fairness and effectiveness.” Booth, 532 U.S. at 740 n. 5. Savinell’s opinion
regarding how ineffective the ARP process was is insufficient to overcome Supreme
Court precedent mandating exhaustion of remedies available under the ARP.
The Fifth Circuit has confirmed that “the PLRA pre-filing exhaustion requirement
is mandatory and non-discretionary,” and that “district courts have no discretion to waive
the PLRA’s pre-filing exhaustion requirement.” Gonzalez v. Seal, 702 F.3d 785, 787-88
(5th Cir. 2012) (per curiam). In this case, Savinell clearly did not fully exhaust his
administrative remedies before filing this lawsuit, and the Court has no choice but to
dismiss his Complaint.
Additionally, the Court notes that Savinell brought many of the same claims in
another case, Savinell v. Epps, et al, Cause No. 1:14cv263-LG-JCG (S.D. Miss. Sept. 26,
2014). Judge Guirola dismissed all of these claims on the merits, and Savinell’s claims
would most probably be barred by res judicata if Savinell again presented the claims.
IT IS, THEREFORE, ORDERED that Defendant Epp’s Motion for Summary
Judgment Based on Failure to Exhaust Available Administrative Remedies  is
granted, and the Complaint is dismissed without prejudice. A separate Final Judgment
shall be entered.
SO ORDERED this the 24th day of August 2015.
/s/Linda R. Anderson
UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.
Why Is My Information Online?