Bilskey et al v. Bluff City Ice, Inc. et al
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER re: 23 MOTION to Compel filed by Plaintiff Jimmy R. Bilskey motion is GRANTED IN PART AND DENIED IN PART.. plaintiffs' motion is DENIED as moot with respect to items 1, 2, 3, and 6. plaintiffs' motion is DENIED as to item 4. plaintiffs' motion is GRANTED as to item 5. Signed by District Judge Stephen N. Limbaugh, Jr on 1/23/14. (MRS)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF MISSOURI
JIMMY BILSKEY, et al.
BLUFF CITY ICE, INC., et al.
Case No. 1:13-cv-62 SNLJ
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER
This matter is before the Court on plaintiffs’ motion to compel (#23). Plaintiffs allege
that defendants failed to pay wages properly under the Fair Labor Standards Act (“FLSA”), the
Missouri Wage and Hour Law, and Missouri common law. They currently have pending a
motion to conditionally certify a collective action under the FLSA on behalf of the defendant
Bluff City Ice, Inc.’s delivery drivers. Discovery in this matter has been bifurcated into two
phases. Initial discovery was limited to issues regarding the “collective action” certification. A
second round of discovery as to non-collective action issues will occur after the certification
determination. Plaintiff asserts that defendants have not complied with their discovery
Plaintiffs contend defendants have not sufficiently responded to the following discovery
matters, which the Court addresses in turn below.
Request for Production (“RFP”) 7, which requested all audio or video
recordings containing the voice or visual depiction of any agent or employee of defendant.
Plaintiff says that defendant did not produce surveillance footage that showed when employees
entered and left the workplace. Defendant responds that the surveillance footage is stored for
only 24 hours, so there are no known videos responsive to the request. Defendant states that it
has supplemented its responses to indicate as such. Plaintiffs have not submitted a reply
memorandum in support of their motion, so it appears they do not contest that RFP 7 has been
RFP 43. All handbooks, benefit booklets, policy manuals, employment policies,
or other documents concerning employment, benefit, procedures, or practices that were provided
to Plaintiffs and other Delivery Drivers by Defendants during the Class Period. Plaintiffs
contend that a particular handbook was not produced, but defendant states that the handbook has
now been produced to plaintiffs and suggests that resolves the issue. Again, plaintiffs have not
submitted a reply memorandum in support of their motion, so it appears they do not contest that
RFP 43 has been appropriately addressed.
RFP 10. All documents reflecting or describing tasks and activities, which must
have been accomplished by Plaintiffs and other Delivery Drivers employed by Defendants during
the Class Period in order to be able and/or ready to perform their jobs at any time during the
Class Period. Plaintiffs state that, in particular, certain documents including daily vehicle
inspection forms, repair logs, gas logs, oil check logs, and route books were not produced. Once
again, defendant states it has supplemented its response to this request. Again, it appears
plaintiffs do not contest that RFP 10 has been appropriately addressed.
Interrogatories Nos. 19-24, which seek information relating to the defendant’s
invocation of its affirmative defenses. With respect to those interrogatories, defendant objected
that the interrogatory was “not reasonably calculated to lead to admissible evidence in phase 1 of
this proceeding.” Defendant states that it will supplement its responses to those interrogatories
during phase 2 discovery.
Interrogatory 24 seeks defendant’s theory of law regarding classification of employees as
exempt or non-exempt. Defendant objected regarding relevance and work product privilege, but
defense counsel conceded at a deposition that all “driver employees” were “non-exempt,” so
defendant contends the interrogatory is moot now. Plaintiff apparently agrees.
As for the other five interrogatories at issue, they pertain to affirmative defenses as
defendant’s good faith conformity with and in reliance on written
administrative regulations, orders, rulings, etc. of government agencies
defendant’s reasonable belief that its acts were not in violation of law
the existence of a contract
plaintiffs’ breach of contract
Phase 1 discovery goes to whether the members of the proposed collective action are similarly
situated, which is what plaintiffs must show to have their collective action certified. The FLSA
does not define “similarly situated,” and the Eighth Circuit has not addressed what standard
should be applied to the phrase. Huang v. Gateway Hotel Holdings, 248 F.R.D. 225, 227 (E.D.
Mo. 2008). However, the general rule is that employees are similarly situated when they are “the
victims of a single decision, policy or plan.” Id.
The Court agrees that the matters related to defendant’s affirmative defenses do not
pertain to the initial discovery phase, which the parties agreed would be limited to issues
surrounding collective action certification. The matters at issue in Interrogatories 19-23 are, as
defendant suggests, properly subject to discovery during the next phase.
“Supplemental information defendant’s counsel agreed to produce.” Specifically,
plaintiff states that the defendant failed to provide phone numbers that defendant indicated it
would supplement. Defendant responds that it is working to obtain last known telephone
numbers from employee files. Defendant also points out that plaintiffs failed to provide phone
numbers for former employees, despite having contact information for those individuals.
Because the parties appear to agree that the phone numbers should be produced, the Court will
order the parties to exchange contact information at a mutually agreeable time.
Finally, plaintiff listed as among the disputed discovery requests RFP 9, which
requests all policies, procedures, directives, or communications regarding the job duties,
descriptions, or responsibilities and/or daily activities of Plaintiffs and other Delivery Drivers
created, or in effect during, any time during the Class Period.
Although neither plaintiff nor
defendant discuss this RFP or any disagreement regarding specific or general documents in
dispute, it seems likely that this RFP may implicate documents that were also covered by RFP
43. As a result, the Court will deny the motion as to RFP 9 as moot.
IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that plaintiffs’ motion to compel (#23) is DENIED in part
and GRANTED in part as follows:
plaintiffs’ motion is DENIED as moot with respect to items 1, 2, 3, and 6.
plaintiffs’ motion is DENIED as to item 4.
plaintiffs’ motion is GRANTED as to item 5.
Dated this 23rd day of January, 2014
STEPHEN N. LIMBAUGH, JR.
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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