Jennings v. United States of America
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER re: 5 MOTION to Transfer Case to Eastern District, North Carolina filed by Petitioner Eugene Jennings motion is DENIED. IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that no certificate of appealability shall issue. Signed by District Judge E. Richard Webber on 9/23/13. (MRS)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF MISSOURI
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
Case No. 1:13CV00122 ERW
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER
Before the Court is movant’s self-titled motion to transfer this closed case to the
Eastern District Court of North Carolina. [ECF No. 5]
In what appears to be a mixed motion for both the reconsideration of the
dismissal of this action, as well as a motion for transfer of this case to movant’s
custodial court, movant asserts that he is now seeking to attack the “manner, location,
and condition of his sentence” under 28 U.S.C. § 2241.
However, this was not movant’s basis for relief in his original motion to vacate
in the instant matter. Rather, he claimed that he should not be considered a “career
criminal” for sentencing purposes under the requirements set forth in the Sections 4B
1.1 and 1.2(a) of the Sentencing Guidelines because his prior conviction for unlawful
use of a weapon does not show an “element of violence” under state law, as set forth
in Begay v. United States, 553 U.S. 137 (2008). Movant also asserted that he is
actually innocent of the crime - distributing cocaine base - for which he pled guilty and
received a term of 151 months’ of imprisonment.
Section 2241 provides a remedy for federal prisoners in two circumstances: (1)
to challenge the execution of a sentence, and (2) to test the legality of a detention when
§ 2255 is otherwise inadequate. Movant’s claims for relief in this action, as outlined
above, relate to the imposition of his sentence, and this Court properly interpreted his
claims as ones brought pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2255. See, e.g., Coady v. Vaughn, 251
F.3d 480, 485 (3d Cir. 2001) (§ 2241 confers habeas corpus jurisdiction over petitions
from a federal prisoner and is expressly limited to challenges to the execution of the
petitioner’s sentence, while § 2255 confers jurisdiction over claims relating to the
validity of a petitioner’s sentence); see also, Straley v. Utah Bd. of Pardons, 582 F.3d
1208, 1213 (10th Cir. 2009) (§ 2241 habeas petition can only challenge the execution
of his sentence but not the validity of his conviction and the original sentence);
Hernandez v. Campbell, 204 F.3d 861, 864 (9th Cir. 2000) (“Generally, motions to
contest the legality of a sentence must be filed under § 2255 in the sentencing court,
while petitions that challenge the manner, location or conditions of a sentence’s
execution must be brought pursuant to § 2241 in the custodial court.”). Thus, there is
no need to reconsider the dismissal of this action as successive and it would be
unnecessary to transfer a closed § 2255 action to a district court in North Carolina
which would not have jurisdiction over the action.1
IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that movant’s request for reconsideration of the
dismissal of this action and for transfer of this closed action to the Eastern District
Court of North Carolina [ECF No. 5] is DENIED.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that no certificate of appealability shall issue.
So Ordered this 23rd day of September, 2013.
E. RICHARD WEBBER
SENIOR UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
Only the sentencing court has jurisdiction over actions brought pursuant to
28 U.S.C. § 2255.
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