Weeks v. Colvin
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER re: 26 MOTION for Attorney Fees filed by Plaintiff Bobby Weeks; motion is GRANTED. IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that Plaintiffs Application for Attorney's Fees Under the Equal Access to Justice Act is GRANTED. [Doc. 26.] IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that Defendant Social Security Administration shall remit to Parmele Law Firm attorney's fees in the amount of $4,828.13. If Plaintiff owes a pre-existing debt to the United States, the Social Security Administration shall remit the attorney's fee award to Plaintiff Bobby Weeks, subject to the offset amount. Signed by Magistrate Judge Nannette A. Baker on 12/17/15. (CSG)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF MISSOURI
CAROLYN W. COLVIN,
Acting Commissioner of Social Security,
Case No. 1:14-CV-56 NAB
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER
This matter is before the court on Plaintiff’s Application for Attorney’s Fees Under the
Equal Access to Justice Act, 28 U.S.C. § 2412 (“EAJA”).
attorney’s fees in the amount of $4,828.13, at the rate of $187.50 per hour for 25.75 hours of
attorney work. Defendant Carolyn Colvin, Acting Commissioner of Social Security, does not
object to Plaintiff’s request for attorney’s fees, nor the amount requested. [Doc. 27.] Based on
the following, the Court will award Plaintiff attorney’s fees in the amount of $4,828.13.
Factual and Procedural Background
Plaintiff Bobby Weeks filed this action, pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 405(g) for judicial
review of the final decision of Defendant denying Plaintiff’s application for disability insurance
benefits and supplemental security income under the Social Security Act.
September 10, 2015, the Court issued a Memorandum and Order and Judgment in favor of
Plaintiff pursuant to sentence four of 42 U.S.C. § 405(g). [Docs. 24, 25.] Plaintiff filed a motion
for attorney’s fees under the EAJA on December 7, 2015. [Doc. 26.] Defendant filed a response
on December 10, 2015. [Doc. 27.]
Standard of Review
“A court shall award to a prevailing party. . . fees and other expenses . . . incurred by that
party in any civil action (other than cases sounding in tort), including proceedings for judicial
review of agency action, brought by or against the United States in any court having jurisdiction
of that action, unless the court finds that the position of the United States was substantially
justified or that special circumstances make an award unjust.” 28 U.S.C. § 2412(d)(1)(A).
A party seeking an award of fees and other expenses must (1) submit to the court an
application for fees and other expenses which shows that the party is a prevailing party and
eligible to receive an award; (2) provide the amount sought, including an itemized statement
from any attorney or expert witness representing or appearing on behalf of the party stating the
actual time expended and the rate at which fees and other expenses were computed; (3) allege
that the position of the United States was not substantially justified, and (4) make the application
within thirty days of final judgment of the action. 28 U.S.C. § 2412(d)(1)(B). The determination
of whether the position of the United States was substantially justified shall be determined on the
basis of the record made in the action for which the fees are sought. Id. “In sentence four
[remand] cases, the filing period begins after the final judgment (“affirming, modifying, or
reversing”) is entered by the Court and the appeal period has run so that the judgment is no
Melkonyan v. Sullivan, 501 U.S. 89, 102 (1991) (citing 28 U.S.C.
§ 2412(d)(2)(G) (“Final judgment" means a judgment that is final and not appealable.”)).
“It is well-settled that in order to be a prevailing party for EAJA purposes, plaintiff must
have received some, but not necessarily all, of the benefits originally sought in his action.”
Stanfield v. Apfel, 985 F.Supp. 927, 929 (E.D. Mo. 1997) (citing Swedberg v. Bowen, 804 F.2d
432, 434 (8th Cir.1986)). Obtaining a sentence four judgment reversing the Secretary’s denial of
benefits is sufficient to confer prevailing party status. Shalala v. Schaefer, 509 U.S. 292, 302
In this action, the Court finds that Plaintiff has demonstrated that an award of attorney’s
fees under the EAJA is appropriate in this matter. First, Plaintiff is a prevailing party in this
action, because he has obtained a reversal of the Commissioner’s denial of his application for
benefits. [Doc. 25.]
Second, Plaintiff’s application for attorney’s fees is reasonable.
attorney’s fees in the amount of $4,828.13 at the rate of $187.50 per hour for 25.75 hours of
attorney work. Plaintiff includes an itemized statement from his attorneys stating the actual time
expended and the rate at which the attorney’s fees were computed. Therefore, the Court will
award Plaintiff’s counsel attorney’s fees for 25.75 hours of attorney work.
The EAJA sets a statutory limit on the amount of fees awarded to counsel at $125.00 per
hour, “unless the court determines that an increase in the cost of living or a special factor, such as
the limited availability of qualified attorneys for the proceedings involved, justifies a higher fee.”
28 U.S.C. § 2412(d)(2)(A)(ii). “In determining a reasonable attorney’s fee, the court will in each
case consider the following factors: time and labor required; the difficulty of questions involved;
the skill required to handle the problems presented; the attorney’s experience, ability, and
reputation; the benefits resulting to the client from the services; the customary fee for similar
services; the contingency or certainty of compensation; the results obtained; and the amount
involved.” Richardson-Ward v. Astrue, 2009 WL1616701, No. 4:07-CV-1301 JCH at *1 (E.D.
Mo. June 9, 2009). “The decision to increase the hourly rate is at the discretion of the district
court.” Id. at *2. “Where, as here, an EAJA petitioner presents uncontested proof of an increase
in the cost of living sufficient to justify hourly attorney's fees of more than [$125.00] per hour,
enhanced fees should be awarded.” Johnson v. Sullivan, 919 F.2d 503, 505 (8th Cir. 1990).
Plaintiff’s counsel cited evidence from the U.S. Department of Labor, explaining the
change in the cost of living from 1996 when the $125.00 hourly limitation became effective until
2014 and 2015. Defendant does not contest the hourly rate, the total fee request, nor the number
of hours itemized in the invoice. Upon consideration of these facts, the Court finds that the
hourly rate, number of hours expended, and a total fee award of $4,828.13 is reasonable. As
alleged by Plaintiff, the Court finds that the Defendant’s position was not substantially justified.
Plaintiff’s application for fees was timely filed.
Therefore, the Court will award Plaintiff
$4,828.13 in attorney’s fees at the rate of $187.50 per hour for 25.75 hours of attorney work.
Plaintiff has submitted an affidavit assigning any award he may receive under the EAJA
to his counsel of record. The EAJA requires that the attorney’s fee award be awarded to the
prevailing party, in this case the Plaintiff, not the Plaintiff’s attorney. Astrue v. Ratcliff, 560 U.S.
586, 591 (2010) (the term “prevailing party” in fee statutes is a “term of art” that refers to the
prevailing litigant) (citing 42 U.S.C. § 2412(d)(1)(A)). Awards of attorney fees to the prevailing
party under the EAJA are “subject to [g]overnment offset to satisfy a pre-existing debt that the
litigant owes the United States.” Ratcliff, 560 U.S. at 589. Any award for attorney’s fees must
be subject to any government offset, even if the Plaintiff has assigned his right to the award to
his attorney. Therefore, the Court will direct the Commissioner to make Plaintiff’s attorney’s fee
award payable to his attorney of record as directed below, subject to any pre-existing debt
Plaintiff owes to the United States.
Based on the foregoing, the Court will award Plaintiff attorney’s fees in the amount of
IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that Plaintiff’s Application for Attorney’s Fees Under the
Equal Access to Justice Act is GRANTED. [Doc. 26.]
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that Defendant Social Security Administration shall remit
to Parmele Law Firm attorney’s fees in the amount of $4,828.13. If Plaintiff owes a pre-existing
debt to the United States, the Social Security Administration shall remit the attorney’s fee award
to Plaintiff Bobby Weeks, subject to the offset amount.
Dated this 17th day of December, 2015.
/s/ Nannette A. Baker
NANNETTE A. BAKER
UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
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