Hestdalen v. Corrizon Corrections Healthcare et al
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER: IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that Plaintiff Danny D. Hestdalen's Motion to Alter or Amend Judgment (Doc. 277 ) is DENIED. IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that Plaintiff Danny D. Hestdalen's Motion In Re: Filing Notice of Appeal (Doc. 296 ) is DENIED as moot. Signed by District Judge John A. Ross on 4/27/2021. (LNJ)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF MISSOURI
DANNY D. HESTDALEN,
CORIZON, LLC, et al.,
Case No. 2:18-CV-00039-JAR
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER
This closed matter is before the Court on Plaintiff Danny D. Hestdalen’s Motion to Alter
or Amend Judgment. (Doc. 277). The motion is fully briefed and ready for disposition. For the
reasons discussed below, the motion will be denied.
Plaintiff brought this action against the Missouri Department of Corrections (“MDOC”),
Moberly Correctional Center (“MCC”), and Lisa Pogue (collectively the “MDOC Defendants”),
as well as Corizon, LLC (“Corizon”) and various individual Corizon healthcare providers
(collectively the “Corizon Defendants”). Plaintiff’s Second Amended Complaint (“SAP”)
broadly alleges that Defendants violated his statutory and constitutional rights in the course of
treating his hearing issues and that Corizon Defendants were deliberately indifferent to his
serious medical needs. (Doc. 69). On February 9, 2021, this Court granted summary judgment in
favor of both the MDOC Defendants and Corizon Defendants on all claims. (Doc. 274). Plaintiff
now moves for the Court to alter or amend its judgment pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 59(e) and
Plaintiff states that his motion is pursuant to both Fed. R. Civ. P. 59(e) and 60(b).
Generally, courts in the Eighth Circuit assume that motions directed at a final judgment fall
under Rule 59(e). See Broadway v. Norris, 193 F.3d 987, 989 (8th Cir. 1999); see also Auto
Servs. Co., Inc. v. KPMG, LLP, 537 F.3d 853, 855 (8th Cir. 2008). A Rule 59(e) motion
“serve[s] the limited function of correcting manifest errors of law or fact or to present newly
discovered evidence.” United States v. Metro St. Louis Sewer Dist., 440 F.3d 930, 933 (8th Cir.
2006) (internal quotations omitted). Rule 60(b) requires that the moving party show “exceptional
circumstances” warranting “extraordinary relief.” United States v. Mask of Ka-Nefer-Nefer, 752
F.3d 737, 743 (8th Cir. 2014) (citation omitted). The Eighth Circuit has consistently maintained
that Rule 60(b) “was not intended as a substitute for a direct appeal from an erroneous
judgment.” Spinar v. South Dakota Bd. of Regents, 796 F.2d 1060, 1062 (8th Cir. 1986) (internal
quotations omitted). Because Rules 59(e) and 60(b) apply similar standards, this Court will not
separately assess Plaintiff’s motion under each rule. This Court construes Plaintiff’s pro se
filings liberally. See Estelle v. Gamble, 429 U.S. 97, 206 (1976).
Plaintiff’s motion essentially offers a section-by-section reply to this Court’s
Memorandum and Order granting summary judgment in favor of Defendants. The motion
rehashes numerous arguments which have been previously addressed by this Court or offers
arguments which Plaintiff could have made in summary judgment briefing. See In re Gen.
Motors Corp. Anti-Lock Brake Prod. Liab. Litig., 174 F.R.D. 444, 446 (E.D. Mo. 1997) (“It is
not appropriate to use a Rule 59(e) motion to repeat arguments or raise new arguments that could
have been made before judgment.”). Mere disagreement with this Court’s analysis does not
warrant relief under Rule 59(e) or 60(b). 1 Accordingly, this Court has prioritized consideration
of those issues where Plaintiff has alleged a specific, manifest error of law or fact or that this
Court failed to address a claim.
With this in mind, this Court liberally construes Plaintiff’s motion as seeking
reconsideration on the following grounds:
(1) Dr. Hammerly Credibility Determination: Plaintiff argues that the Court improperly
found Dr. Hammerly more credible than Plaintiff. (Doc. 278 at 4-5, 8-9, 19-20).
(2) ENT Specialist: Plaintiff argues that this Court ignored evidence suggesting that
Plaintiff’s Ear, Nose, and Throat (“ENT”) specialist, Dr. Reese Thompson, did not
provide adequate care. (Id. at 10-13).
(3) Deliberate Indifference by Corizon Defendants: Plaintiff argues that the Court improperly
resolved genuine disputes of material facts regarding the treatment of Plaintiff by Corizon
Defendants. (Id. at 17-20).
(4) Monell and Due Process Claims: Plaintiff argues that the Court failed to address his
Monell claim regarding the Corizon hearing aid policy and due process claims against
Defendants. (Id. at 7, 15-16).
(1) Dr. Hammerly Credibility Determination
Dr. Hammerly, a Defendant and Corizon’s Regional Medical Director, did not approve
Plaintiff’s request for a second hearing aid. (Doc. 205-2 at ¶ 11). Plaintiff alleged that Dr.
Hammerly was deliberately indifferent in refusing to provide a second hearing aid. This Court
granted summary judgment in favor of Corizon and Dr. Hammerly because, among other
reasons, “the record reflects that Dr. Hammerly reviewed the record and, in his medical
judgment, determined that a second hearing aid was not medically warranted based on the
On the following issues, this Court denies Plaintiff’s motion because Plaintiff has merely repeated arguments or
raised arguments which could have been raised in summary judgment briefing: Americans with Disabilities Act and
Rehabilitation Act claims against Corizon and MDOC Defendants; breach of contract claim against Corizon;
arbitrary and vague policies claim against MDOC Defendants; Missouri state law claims against MDOC
Plaintiff also discusses this Court’s failure to appoint an independent medical expert. (Doc. 295 at 8). This Court has
explained its reasoning for not appointing such an expert, and Plaintiff has not offered any new evidence causing the
audiologist’s report.” (Doc. 274 at 7). Plaintiff contends that this Court made an improper
credibility determination by accepting Dr. Hammerly’s averments as fact. (Doc. 278 at 8).
This Court recognizes that it “should not weigh evidence, make credibility
determinations, or attempt to determine the truth of the matter” when ruling on a motion for
summary judgment. Leonetti’s Frozen Foods, Inc. v. Rew Mktg., Inc., 887 F.3d 438, 442 (8th
Cir. 2018) (citation omitted). But this Court made no credibility determination when granting
summary judgment. The undisputed facts establish that Dr. Jones recommended replacement of
the right hearing aid and Dr. Hammerly reviewed the external audiologist’s report before
ordering replacement of the right hearing aid only. Plaintiff merely argues that Dr. Hammerly
improperly interpreted the audiologist’s report, but that is a medical judgment which this Court is
in no position to criticize. Plaintiff acknowledged that the audiologist’s report only stated that the
right hearing aid required replacement. (Doc. 233 at 14). Plaintiff’s medical records provide:
“[Plaintiff] was seen by audiology on 4/29/16. They performed maintenance and reported the
[right] needed to be replaced.” (Doc. 205 at 16). Dr. Hammerly subsequently approved a
replacement right hearing aid. This Court granted summary judgment on this issue because there
is no basis on which a reasonable factfinder could conclude that Dr. Hammerly’s mental state
was “akin to criminal reckless.” (Doc. 274 at 7). See Vaughn v. Gray, 557 F.3d 904, 908 (8th Cir.
2009) (internal quotation omitted). This determination was based on the undisputed facts and not
any credibility determination.
(2) ENT Specialist
In granting summary judgment, this Court considered Plaintiff’s claim that Defendants
were deliberately indifferent to his Eustachian Tube Dysfunction (“ETD”) and other ENT issues.
Court to question its decision. (Doc. 173 at 2-3).
(Doc. 274 at 9-13). The Court noted that Plaintiff was referred to an external ENT specialist, Dr.
Reese Thompson, who “recommended a cochlear implant or, if an implant was not available
under Corizon policy, continued use of hearing aids.” (Id. at 11). In essence, Plaintiff disagrees
with Dr. Thompson’s assessment of the severity of Plaintiff’s ENT problems. Plaintiff now
alleges that Corizon Defendants should not have relied on Dr. Thompson’s opinion because Dr.
Thompson lacked sufficient access to Plaintiff’s medical records and provided inadequate care.
(Doc. 278 at 10-11).
In short, Plaintiff received substantial treatment for his various ENT issues, including
referral to Dr. Thompson. Plaintiff has not produced new evidence suggesting this Court should
revisit its determination that Corizon Defendants “made good faith attempts employing various
strategies to address Plaintiff’s medical needs.” (Doc. 274 at 12). Besides Dr. Thompson’s
treatment, the record reflects that Corizon Defendants “tried different medications, suggested
alleviating maneuvers, and made referrals when medically indicated.” (Id.). Dr. Ruanne Stamps
also review Dr. Thompson’s findings, and Plaintiff has admitted that Dr. Stamps “may not have
literally ignored [his] medical needs.” (Doc. 256 at 47). Even if this Court were to accept
Plaintiff’s allegations regarding Dr. Thompson specifically, a reasonable factfinder could not
conclude that Corizon Defendants were deliberately indifferent to Plaintiff’s ENT issues.
(3) Deliberate Indifference by Corizon Defendants
Plaintiff broadly alleges that this Court erred in granting summary judgment “in that it
did not apply its view of the evidence in the light most favorable to the nonmoving party.” (Doc.
278 at 17). As MDOC Defendants note in response, however, Plaintiff has not cited any evidence
which was not before the Court when summary judgment was granted. (Doc. 284 at 3). Plaintiff
repeatedly accuses this Court of accepting Defendants’ assertions as true while rejecting
Plaintiffs’ claims. But this Court made no credibility determinations in granting summary
judgment. Instead, this Court relied exclusively on the established medical records which
unquestionably reflect that Plaintiff received substantial care and due consideration for each
medical issue he brought to Defendants’ attention. Plaintiff did not “come forward with specific
facts showing there is a genuine issue for trial” as to his deliberate indifference claims against the
Corizon Defendants. Torgerson v. City of Rochester, 643 F.3d 1031, 1042 (8th Cir. 2011)
(4) Monell and Due Process Claims
Plaintiff argues that this Court failed to address his due process and Monell claims. See
Monell v. Dep’t of Social Servs. of City of New York, 436 U.S. 658 (1978). Plaintiff cites various
references to such claims in his response to the Corizon Defendants’ motion for summary
judgment. (Doc. 258). In granting summary judgment in favor of Corizon Defendants, however,
this Court specifically determined that “[e]ven construing Plaintiff’s SAP liberally, this Court
finds that the SAP does not state a claim under the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth
Amendment. Alternatively, the Court finds that any such claim is meritless for the reasons
outlined by the Corizon Defendants.” (Doc. 274 at 3 n.4). Plaintiff’s SAP did not make a due
process claim against Corizon Defendants, and references to such claims in Plaintiff’s 139-page
response to Corizon’s motion for summary judgment do not establish a claim. Because this Court
found that no Defendant was deliberately indifferent to Plaintiff’s serious medical needs,
moreover, there is no basis to conclude that any Corizon policy resulted in a constitutional
violation. See Crumpley-Patterson v. Trinity Lutheran Hosp., 388 F.3d 588, 590 (8th Cir. 2004)
(“A corporation acting under color of state law will only be held liable under § 1983 for its own
NOTICE OF APPEAL
Plaintiff filed a Notice of Appeal along with the instant motion, which arguably divests
this Court of jurisdiction. (Doc. 279). The Eighth Circuit Court of Appeals remanded for
calculation and collection of appellate filing fees (Doc. 287), and this Court has ordered the
Clerk of Court to begin collecting such fees. (Doc. 289). Plaintiff has since clarified that he filed
the Notice of Appeal to ensure it was entered before the 30-day time limit but only meant to file
in the alternative in the event that this Court denied the instant motion. (Docs. 296-97).
Collections of fees properly began pursuant to Plaintiff’s filing of a Notice of Appeal, and the
Clerk of Court shall continue to collect such fees as required by the Eighth Circuit’s order.
Deliberate indifference requires more than gross negligence. Popoalii v. Corr. Med.
Servs., 512 F.3d 488, 499 (8th Cir. 2008) (citation omitted). After a careful review of the record,
this Court granted summary judgment because the undisputed facts revealed that Corizon
Defendants “provided Plaintiff substantial medical care, tried numerous treatment options, made
referrals for visits to specialists, ordered diagnostic testing when indicated, and generally used
their best efforts to address Plaintiff’s serious medical needs.” (Doc. 274 at 31). This Court did
not resolve any genuine disputes of material facts in reaching this conclusion. Plaintiff’s motion
to alter or amend judgment generally expresses disagreement with this Court’s analysis but does
not offer newly discovered evidence or identify a manifest error of law causing this Court to
reconsider its decision.
IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that Plaintiff Danny D. Hestdalen’s Motion to Alter or
Amend Judgment (Doc. 277) is DENIED.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that Plaintiff Danny D. Hestdalen’s Motion In Re: Filing
Notice of Appeal (Doc. 296) is DENIED as moot.
Dated this 27th day of April, 2021.
JOHN A. ROSS
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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