Fidelity National Title Insurance Company v. Captiva Lake Investments, LLC
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER : IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that plaintiff's amended motion for bill of costs [Doc. # 422 ] is granted in part and denied in part. IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that the Clerk of Court shall tax costs in favor of plaintiff and against defendant in the amount of $29,298.62.. Signed by District Judge Carol E. Jackson on 3/7/16. (KKS)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF MISSOURI
CAPTIVA LAKE INVESTMENTS, LLC,
FIDELITY NATIONAL TITLE INSURANCE
Case No. 4:10-CV-1890 (CEJ)
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER
This matter is before the Court on plaintiff’s amended bill of costs pursuant to
28 U.S.C. § 1920. Defendant has filed objections.
On July 24, 2015, a jury unanimously found in favor of plaintiff Captiva Lake
Investments, LLC, on its breach of contract claim against defendant Fidelity
National Title Insurance Company. Captiva timely filed its bill of costs, seeking a
total of $31,265.14. [Doc. #411]. On August 13, 2015, the Court ordered Captiva
to submit an amended application for attorneys’ fees that excluded hours expended
on its tortious interference claim, which the Court had dismissed at the close of
Captiva’s case at trial. [Doc. #407]. Captiva amended its bill of costs to be
consistent with its amended fee application. It now seeks $31,021.66 in costs
taxable under § 1920.
Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 54(d) grants district courts “broad discretion”
over the award of costs to prevailing parties.
Little Rock Cardiology Clinic PA v.
Baptist Health, 591 F.3d 591, 601 (8th Cir. 2009). “These awards, however, must
fit within 28 U.S.C. § 1920, which enumerates the costs that a district court may
tax.” Id. (citation omitted). The Court may tax costs for:
(1) fees of the clerk and marshal; (2) fees for printed or electronically
recorded transcripts necessarily obtained for use in the case; (3) fees
and disbursements for printing and witnesses; (4) fees for
exemplification and the costs of making copies of any materials where
the copies are necessarily obtained for use in the case; (5) docket fees
under section 1923 of this title; (6) compensation of court appointed
28 U.S.C. § 1920(1)-(6).
The presumption under Rule 54(d) is that the prevailing party is entitled to
costs. Bathke v. Casey’s Gen. Stores, Inc., 64 F.3d 340, 347 (8th Cir. 1995). The
Court may not award costs other than those authorized by § 1920, because this
section “imposes rigid controls on cost-shifting in federal courts.” Cowden v. BNSF
Ry. Co., 991 F. Supp. 2d 1084, 1087 (E.D. Mo. 2014) (quoting Brisco–Wade v.
Carnahan, 297 F.3d 781, 782 (8th Cir. 2002)).
§ 1920(1) — Fees for Service of Summons and Subpoena
Captiva seeks reimbursement of private process server fees for issuance of
subpoenas and process server fees, under § 1920(1). The Eighth Circuit Court of
Appeals has held, however, that § 1920 contains no provision for use of a private
process server and only allows taxation of service fees by the United States
Marshal. See Crues v. KFC Corp., 768 F.2d 230, 234 (8th Cir. 1985). This Court is,
of course, bound to follow Eighth Circuit precedent. See PNC Bank, Nat. Ass’n v. El
Tovar, Inc., No. 4:13-CV-1073 CAS, 2014 WL 1648747, at *9 (E.D. Mo. Apr. 23,
2014); Marez v. Saint–Gobain Containers, Inc., 2011 WL 1930706, at *15 (E.D.
Mo. May 18, 2011); Bunda v. Potter, 2006 WL 2665134, at **3-6 (N.D. Iowa Jan.
31, 2006) (discussing Crues in depth; concluding that “while other courts have
permitted the recovery of special process fees, this court is compelled to follow
Eighth Circuit precedent regardless of the equities at play in the facts of this
case.”). The Court will disallow costs in the amount of $839.80.
§ 1920 (2) — Costs for Transcripts
Captiva originally sought $23,749.75 for printed or electronically recorded
deposition transcripts. Fidelity makes a general objection that Captiva did not
properly remove all costs associated with its tortious interference claim without
identifying specific items that should be disallowed. Captiva has removed the costs
for the depositions and transcripts of Judge Ronnie White and Judge Glenn Norton,
its expert witnesses on its tortious interference claim. The remaining deposition and
transcripts are for witnesses whose testimony was relevant to Captiva’s other
claims and Captiva may properly seek these costs. Fidelity’s objection is overruled
and the amount of $22,623.03 will be taxed as costs.
§ 1920(3) — Fees for Witnesses
Captiva seeks $182.12 for attendance fees and mileage costs for 3
witnesses. Included in this amount is $14.14 for mileage for witness Mark Dickhute.
Captiva neglected to include this cost in its initial, timely-filed bill of costs and thus
has waived its right to claim it in an amended bill of costs. See E.D. Mo. L.R. 8.03
(“A party seeking an award of costs shall file a verified bill of costs . . . no later
than twenty-one (21) days after entry of final judgment . . . Failure to file a bill of
costs within the time provided may constitute a waiver of taxable costs.”). Costs in
the amount of $167.98 will be taxed.
§ 1920(4) — Exemplification and Copying Costs
Captiva seeks $7,376.71 for the costs of copies prepared for trial. Included in
this amount is $869.10 that Captiva neglected to include in its original bill of costs.
This amount will be disallowed.
Captiva seeks $5,920.00 for photocopies and creation of trial exhibits.
Fidelity complains that Captiva’s documentation is inadequate to identify which
exhibits were copied and the purpose of these exhibits. An invoice attached to
Captiva’s amended bill of costs lists the exhibits in sufficient detail to identify them.
Fidelity’s objection is overruled. Fidelity does not make a specific objection to
Captiva’s request for $587.61 for trial exhibits and they will be allowed. Costs for
exemplification and copying in the total amount of $6,507.61 will be taxed.
IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that plaintiff’s amended motion for bill of costs
[Doc. #422] is granted in part and denied in part.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that the Clerk of Court shall tax costs in favor of
plaintiff and against defendant in the amount of $29,298.62.
CAROL E. JACKSON
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
Dated this 7th day of March, 2016.
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