Myers v. Casino Queen, Inc.
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER: IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that, not later than August 12, 2013, defendant shall file a supplemental memorandum in support of its motion for protective order. IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that, pending a ruling on the defendants motion fo r a protective order, plaintiff is prohibited from disclosing or disseminating to any third-party the materials and information produced by defendant. Response to Court due by 8/12/2013. Signed by District Judge Carol E. Jackson on 8/5/2013. (KMS)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF MISSOURI
CASINO QUEEN, INC.,
Case No. 4:11-CV-1273 (CEJ)
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER
On July 1, 2013, the Court directed defendant to produce documents and
materials regarding crimes against casino patrons. Defendant seeks a protective order
barring plaintiff from disseminating any produced materials to third parties. Plaintiff
opposes the motion and the issues are fully briefed.
Generally, parties may discover relevant, non-privileged information that is
reasonably calculated to lead to admissible evidence. Fed.R.Civ.P. 26 (b). However,
a court may issue a protective order to prevent or limit discovery in order to “protect
a party or person from annoyance, embarrassment, oppression, or undue burden or
expense.” Fed.R.Civ.P. 26(c). Under Rule 26(c), a court may grant a protective order
only upon a showing of good cause by the moving party. Miscellaneous Docket Matter
No. 1 v. Miscellaneous Docket Matter No. 2, 197 F.3d 922, 925 (8th Cir. 1999). The
movant must articulate a particular and specific demonstration of fact, as distinguished
from “stereotyped and conclusory statements.” Id. When evaluating the need for a
protective order, courts must “include a consideration of the relative hardship to the
non-moving party should the protective order be granted.” Id. at 925. “Rule 26(c)
confers broad discretion on the trial court to decide when a protective order is
appropriate and what degree of protection is required.”
Seattle Times Co. v.
Rhinehart, 467 U.S. 20, 36 (1984).
In support of its motion, defendant states that the material to be produced
includes information about defendant’s internal security measures, the disclosure of
which is governed by unspecified rules of the Illinois Gaming Board.
information may be entitled to protection from dissemination to third parties,
defendant has not “articulate[d] a particular and specific demonstration of fact” from
which the Court can evaluate the appropriateness of its request to limit plaintiff’s use
of this information. Defendant will be given the opportunity to supplement its motion
to more fully address these issues.
Defendant also argues that there is a risk that a “correlation . . . may be drawn
between the criminal acts of third parties and Casino Queen’s business.” Such a
correlation would “cause [defendant] annoyance, embarrassment, and oppression.”
Again, defendant has relied on a conclusory statement without providing particularized
facts regarding the harm that would result from disclosure.
embarrassment may be a factor satisfying the ‘good cause’ standard, an applicant for
a protective order whose chief concern is embarrassment must demonstrate that the
embarrassment will be particularly serious.” Miscellaneous Docket Matter, 197 F.3d
at 926 (quoting Pansy v. Borough of Stroudsburg, 23 F.3d 772, 787 (3rd Cir. 1994)).
Defendant has not met this standard.
Defendant also states that the materials include videotapes of casino patrons
with no involvement in the litigation and whose interest in privacy deserves protection
from public disclosure. The Court agrees. Furthermore, limiting disclosure of these
videotapes will not impose an undue burden on plaintiff.
Defendant did not provide a proposed protective order for the Court’s
consideration and it should do so when it files its supplemental memorandum. The
proposed order must specify methods for designating protected material and for
challenging the designation.
In addition, the proposed order must identify the
categories of persons -- e.g., court personnel, attorneys, etc. -- entitled to access to
IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that, not later than August 12, 2013, defendant
shall file a supplemental memorandum in support of its motion for protective order.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that, pending a ruling on the defendant’s motion
for a protective order, plaintiff is prohibited from disclosing or disseminating to any
third-party the materials and information produced by defendant.
CAROL E. JACKSON
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
Dated this 5th day of August, 2013.
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