Maxwell v. Express Scripts, Inc.
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER. (see order for details) IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that defendant's motion to compel plaintiff's deposition [# 46 ] is GRANTED. IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that plaintiff's motion to compel certain discovery responses [# 49 ] is GRANTED in part and DENIED in part. Defendant shall respond to Interrogatories Nos. 5 and 6 from plaintiff's First Set of Interrogatories. Signed by District Judge Catherine D. Perry on 01/28/2013. (CBL)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF MISSOURI
LAKEISTA J. MAXWELL,
EXPRESS SCRIPTS, INC.,
) Case No. 4:11-CV-1315 CDP
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER
This action is before me on the parties’ cross-motions to compel. On November
27, 2012, defendant filed a motion to compel plaintiff to appear for her deposition.
Defendant contends that plaintiff has refused to be deposed “unless and until certain of
her discovery requests were answered to her satisfaction.” Plaintiff did not respond
directly to defendant’s motion, but on December 3, 2012, she filed her own motion to
compel. In that motion, plaintiff requests that the court compel defendant to respond
more fully to her interrogatories and requests for production of documents. I will address
defendant’s motion to compel first.
Defendant’s Motion to Compel Plaintiff’s Deposition
Under Rules 26(d)(2) and 30(a)(1), Fed. R. of Civ. P., defendant is entitled to
depose plaintiff at any point during the discovery period. The Case Management Order I
entered in this case makes clear that defendant may take plaintiff’s deposition at any time
until April 25, 2013. Neither the Order nor the federal rules requires defendant to wait
that long. Plaintiff’s dissatisfaction with defendant’s answers to her discovery requests is
not a valid reason for refusing to be deposed.
Accordingly, I will grant defendant’s motion to compel plaintiff to appear at her
deposition. Plaintiff should be advised that failing to appear for her deposition may lead
to sanctions, including the dismissal of her complaint, see Setzke v. Whitmill, 241 Fed.
Appx. 351, 352 (8th Cir. 2007), and payment of defendant’s reasonable expenses,
including attorneys’ fees. See Fed. R. Civ. P. 37(d).
Plaintiff’s Motion to Compel Certain Discovery Responses
In her motion to compel, plaintiff contends that defendant made invalid objections
to certain interrogatories (Nos. 1–3, 5–17) and her requests for production of documents.
She also argues that the answers provided by defendant are incorrect. She asks that the
court compel defendant to respond accurately to all of her discovery requests.
Plaintiff’s remaining claims are that she was discriminated against and harassed
because she is African American. She alleges that she was disciplined for errors that her
white coworkers were not disciplined for; that she was moved around on different
accounts with different supervisors; and that she was singled out for not providing reports
that coworkers were also not providing.
Interrogatories nos. 1, 2, 7, 8, 10, 12, 13, 14, and 17
Interrogatories 1, 2, 7, 8, 10, 12, 13, 14, and 17 are vague, vastly overbroad, and
appear to have nothing to do with plaintiff’s remaining claims or even plaintiff herself.
For these reasons and those stated by defendant in its opposition to plaintiff’s motion to
compel, I will not compel defendant to respond to them.
Interrogatory no. 3
Given the information that I have at this point, it appears that defendant has
provided all the nonprivileged information it has that is responsive to plaintiff’s
interrogatory no. 3. Therefore, I will not compel defendant to respond further.
Interrogatory nos. 5 and 6
These interrogatories seek to know what discipline or coaching Kathleen Harmon
received after she made racially insensitive comments. I agree with defendant that these
interrogatories are vague and ambiguous on their face. However, plaintiff identifies
specific remarks by Harmon in her complaint, and the approximate date on which those
remarks were allegedly made. This clears up the ambiguity in this interrogatory.
Defendant also objects that the comments were made before the EEOC filing
period began, so they cannot form a basis for plaintiff’s claim. Although true, this court
may consider plaintiff’s untimely allegations as background evidence. Therefore, I will
compel defendant to respond to interrogatories nos. 5 and 6.
Interrogatory no. 9, 11, 15, and 16
These interrogatories seek to discover information about whether defendant
“monitored” plaintiff. When read in a certain light, these interrogatories are plausibly
related to plaintiff’s allegation that she was held to a higher standard than her white
coworkers. But as written, they are overbroad and vague, and they encompass
information far afield of plaintiff’s remaining claims. I cannot compel defendant to
respond to these interrogatories because it is unclear what specific information they seek.
Requests for Production of Documents
Plaintiff has also requested that the court compel defendant to respond to her
requests for production of documents. She does not identify which requests she pursues.
Although I do not have all the requests before me, she has submitted requests 1 through
20 as an exhibit attached to her motion. With the exception of the information that
defendant represents that it has already produced, each of those requests is overbroad, as
written. Accordingly, I will deny plaintiff’s motion to compel defendant to produce
documents in response to these requests.
Accuracy of Defendant’s Responses
Plaintiff contends that certain of defendant’s responses are inaccurate, such as the
number of African American employees in defendant’s Account Management
Department. Of course, providing false interrogatory answers may be an abuse of the
discovery process and provide ample reason for sanctions. See Martin v.
DaimlerChrysler Corp., 251 F.3d 691, 694 (8th Cir. 2001). But there is no evidence at
this point that defendant’s responses were false. Therefore, I will not compel defendant
to somehow revise its interrogatory responses.
IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that defendant’s motion to compel plaintiff’s
deposition [#46] is GRANTED.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that plaintiff’s motion to compel certain discovery
responses [#49] is GRANTED in part and DENIED in part. Defendant shall respond to
Interrogatories Nos. 5 and 6 from plaintiff’s First Set of Interrogatories.
CATHERINE D. PERRY
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
Dated this 28th day of January, 2013.
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