Braun v. Earls
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that Petitioners Motion for Preliminary Injunction, and the post script request for a temporary restraining order, [Doc. No. 14 are denied. Signed by District Judge Henry E. Autrey on 9/14/12. (CLA)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF MISSOURI
Case No. 4:11CV1751 HEA
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER
This matter is before the Court on Petitioner’s Request for an Injunction
directed at Respondent, Alan Earls, [Doc. No. 14]. In a letter to the Clerk of the
Court, Petitioner states that he has this habeas corpus petition pending before this
Court, that he has requested that the warden authorize him to use the law library
the maximum amount of time allowed at his place of incarceration, and that he has
been denied this access to the library. Petitioner seeks an injunction directed to
the warden to allow him library access. Petitioner also asks for a “T.R.O. order to
stop any retaliation that may be brought on by my legal work here.”
In determining whether a temporary restraining order or preliminary
injunction is warranted, the Court is guided by Dataphase Systems, Inc. v. C L
Systems, Inc., 640 F.2d 109 (8th Cir.1981). “The primary function of a preliminary
injunction is to preserve the status quo until, upon final hearing, a court may grant
full, effective relief.” Kansas City Southern Trans. Co., Inc. v. Teamsters Local
Union # 41, 126 F.3d 1059, 1065 (8th Cir.1997) (internal quotation omitted).
Injunctive relief is only appropriate where the party seeking the relief has no
adequate remedy at law. The relevant factors to be considered by a district court
are: “(1) the probability of success on the merits; (2) the threat of irreparable harm
to the movant; (3) the balance between this harm and the injury that granting the
injunction will inflict on the other interested parties; and (4) whether the issuance
of an injunction is in the public interest.” Entergy, Arkansas, Inc. v. Nebraska, 210
F.3d 887, 898 (8th Cir . 2000) (citing Dataphase, 640 F.2d at 114).
No one factor is dispositive of a request for injunction; the Court considers
all of the factors and decides whether “on balance, they weigh towards granting the
injunction.” Baker Elec. Co-Op, Inc. v. Chaske, 28 F.3d 1466, 1472 (8th Cir.1994)
(quoting Calvin Klein Cosmetics Corp. v. Lenox Lab., 815F.2d 500, 503 (8th
Cir.1987). The burden of establishing that preliminary relief is warranted is on the
party seeking the injunction. Id. In this case, the Court finds that the Dataphase
factors have not been satisfied, and a preliminary injunction will not issue.
Petitioner has not established any of the relevant factors used to assess the
need for a restraining order or an injunction. Petitioner merely states that he has is
not receiving access per the institution’s limits. Petitioner has not advised the
Court of the administrative measures he has taken to receive access. Petitioner has
failed to set forth any irreparable harm he has suffered or will suffer if he does not
receive the maximum allowed time. Petitioner has not filed any motions with this
Court to demonstrate that he needs more time to prepare his case. Moreover,
Petitioner has failed to present any evidence that there is no reason the institution is
refusing him the maximum time allowed, for example, legitimate penal concerns
regarding the amount of time spent by this particular inmate in the law library.
The internal workings of the prison system are left to the administrators of
the prison, based upon the penological goals of the system. This Court does not
interfere with the prison rules unless Petitioner can establish that he has followed
the administrative procedure required or that even following those procedures is a
violation of Petitioner’s rights.
All four factors weigh against Plaintiff. In the final analysis, Petitioner seeks
equitable remedies without supporting evidence that he is entitled to such.
IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that Petitioner’s Motion for Preliminary
Injunction, and the post script request for a temporary restraining order, [Doc. No.
14], are denied.
Dated this 14th day of September, 2012
HENRY EDWARD AUTREY
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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