IN RE: K-V Pharmaceutical Company Securities Litigation
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that Plaintiffs motion for econsideration is DENIED. (Doc. No. 118.) IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that efendants motion to dismiss the complaint for failure to state a claim is GRANTED. A separate Judgment shall accompany this Memorandum and Order. Signed by District Judge Audrey G. Fleissig on 6/6/14. (JWJ)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF MISSOURI
IN RE K-V PHARMACEUTICAL
COMPANY SECURITIES LITIGATION )
No. 4:11CV01816 AGF
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER
This consolidated securities fraud class action is before the Court on Plaintiffs’ motion
for reconsideration of the scope of the leave to amend their complaint, granted in the Court’s
Memorandum and Order dated March 27, 2014. For the reasons set forth below, the motion
shall be denied, and final judgment shall be entered in favor of Defendants.
Defendants are K-V Pharmaceutical Company and three of its officers (collectively, “KV”). The putative class of Plaintiffs consists of all purchasers of publically traded securities of
K-V between February 14 and April 4, 2011. This litigation is based on allegedly materially
false and misleading statements and omissions made by K-V, during the class period, regarding
K-V’s distribution and sale of the prescription medicine Makena.
As more fully explained in the Court’s March 27, 2014 Memorandum and Order, the
gravamen of Plaintiff’s claims is that K-V knew or should have known that if it charged $1,500
per dose for Makena as planned, the FDA would not enforce K-V’s exclusive marketing rights
under the Orphan Drug Act (“ODA”), making it impossible for Makena, and in turn K-V, to be
commercially successful. According to Plaintiffs, this knowledge rendered both K-V’s
statements during a February 14, 2011 investor conference call, as well as its failure to mention
during the call the likelihood of the FDA’s nonenforcement, materially false or misleading in
violation of Section 10(b) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended by the Private
Securities Litigation Reform Act (“PSLRA”), and Rule 10b-5 promulgated thereunder. One of
these statements was that K-V would implement a financial assistance program for patients who
could not afford Makena at the $1,500 per dose price.
The allegation regarding K-V’s knowledge was based in large part on alleged warnings
by three confidential witnesses (“CWs”) that if K-V charged $1,500 per dose of Makena, the
FDA would not enforce K-V’s exclusive rights. Indeed, K-V did charge the $1,500 and the
FDA did not enforce K-V’s exclusive rights, leading to the sharp decline in the value of
Plaintiffs’ investments in K-V.
The Court concluded that the bulk of K-V’s challenged statements were protected
by the safe harbor provision of the “PSLRA” because they were forward-looking and
accompanied by meaningful cautionary language. Further, with regard to the omission of
a statement that there was a risk of nonenforcement of Makena’s exclusivity due to the
planned price for Makena, the Court concluded that the amended complaint failed
sufficiently to plead scienter (a mental state embracing intent to deceive, manipulate, or
The Court concluded that Plaintiffs’ reliance on the CWs’ alleged statements to
establish K-V’s scienter failed because the amended complaint did not allege sufficient
facts from which the Court could conclude that the CWs knew or were in a position to
know that the FDA would not, or very likely would not, enforce Makena’s exclusivity
rights. The Court noted that such knowledge on the part of the CWs seemed “improbable
in light of the FDA’s own statement that its decision was based on a ‘unique situation.’”
The Court rejected Plaintiffs’ suggestion at oral argument that they could possibly further
amend their amended complaint to state that the CWs had the requisite knowledge, as follows:
Plaintiffs have had ample opportunity to fully explore what the CWs knew and the
basis for their supposed knowledge. By the time of oral argument, the case had
been pending for over two years. The CWs are Plaintiffs’ own witnesses to whom
they had access at least since the filing of the amended complaint in July 2012.
And given the questionable ability of Plaintiffs to establish K-V’s required
scienter based on the CWs, the Court does not believe that giving Plaintiffs leave
at this point in the proceedings to amend their current complaint regarding this
particular claim is warranted. This is especially true inasmuch as the Court finds
K-V’s statements with regard to FDA enforcement of exclusivity to be protected
(Doc. No. 116 at 24.)
The Court concluded that K-V’s statement about the financial assistance program for
patients who could not afford Makena at the planned price was not forward looking, but that the
amended complaint was deficient with regard to the falsity of this statement. The Court
afforded Plaintiffs leave to file a second amended complaint limited to how this statement was
false. The Court granted K-V’s motion to dismiss in all other regards.
K-V now asks the Court to reconsider the scope of its leave to amend, seeking the right to
amend its allegations with respect to the CWs’ knowledge that the FDA would not enforce
Makena’s exclusivity. The proposed new allegations include that one of the CWs informed KV that even if the FDA sought to enforce exclusivity, its ability to do so was extremely limited
due to its limited resources; that according to CWs that Plaintiffs have re-interviewed or new
CWs, no comprehensive market research was conducted by K-V to support the pricing of
Makena. Plaintiffs also assert that they are “prepared to provide greater background information
on all of the CWs in an amended pleading as well as several new CWs that will demonstrate the
CWs had far greater experience and expertise in the area of pharmaceutical marketing, sales and
pricing than did the members of K-V management who ignored their warnings” with regard to
pricing Makena at $1,500 per dose. (Doc. 119 at 3).
Plaintiffs state that they have no further allegations concerning the financial assistance
program and do not intend to amend their allegations in that regard.
Defendants argue that the Court should apply the standard of Federal Rule of Civil
Procedure 60(b) to K-V’s motion for reconsideration, and deny the motion pursuant to that
standard.1 They maintain that the motion should be denied even if the less-exacting standard of
Rule 54(b)2 applied because Plaintiffs’ proposed amendments do not present any new evidence
that was not available earlier, and any amendment would be futile in light of the Court’s
alternative holding that the statements now at issue were protected by the safe harbor, a
conclusion Plaintiffs have not challenged. According to K-V, even under Rule 59(b), a motion
Reconsideration under Rule 60(b) is appropriate only if the moving party can
demonstrate one of the following:
(1) mistake, inadvertence, surprise, or excusable neglect;
(2) newly discovered evidence that, with reasonable diligence, could not
have been discovered in time to move for a new trial under Rule 59(b);
(3) fraud (whether previously called intrinsic or extrinsic),
misrepresentation, or misconduct by an opposing party;
(4) the judgment is void;
(5) the judgment has been satisfied, released or discharged; it is based on an
earlier judgment that has been reversed or vacated; or applying it
prospectively is no longer equitable; or
(6) any other reason that justifies relief.
This rule allows a district court to revise a decision that adjudicates, but does not enter
final judgment on, any but not all claims in an action with multiple claims.
for reconsideration should only be granted to correct manifest errors of law or fact or to present
newly discovered evidence.
Plaintiffs reply that Rule 54(b) applies here, and that reconsideration under that rule is not
limited to manifest error or the presentation of previously unavailable evidence. In their reply,
Plaintiffs also question the Court’s conclusions with respect to whether K-V’s statements at
issue were forward-looking.
The Court agrees with Plaintiffs that Rule 54(b) applies to Plaintiffs’ motion for
reconsideration as the Court did not yet direct entry of judgment as to any of Plaintiffs’
claims. The standard for reconsideration under Rule 54(b) is not entirely clear. Some
courts have expressed the lenient standard urged by Plaintiffs. See, e.g., United States v.
Renda, 709 F.3d 472, 479 (5th Cir. 2013) (“Rule 54(b) authorizes a district court to
reconsider and reverse its prior rulings on any interlocutory order for any reason it deems
sufficient.”). But in this Circuit and District the standard is stricter, such that a Rule
54(b) motion for reconsideration “may not serve as a vehicle to identify facts or raise
legal arguments which could have been, but were not, raised or adduced during the
pendency of the motion of which reconsideration was sought.” See Evans v. Contract
Callers, Inc., No. 4:10CV02358 FRB, 2012 WL 234653, at *2 (E.D. Mo. Jan. 25, 2012)
(citation omitted); see also Chism v. W.R. Grace & Co., 158 F.3d 988, 992 n.4 (8th Cir.
1998); Evans v. Contract Callers, Inc., No. 4:10CV2358 FRB, 2012 WL 234653, at *2
(E.D. Mo. Jan. 25, 2012) (“Although the Court has the power [under Rule 54(b)] to
revisit prior decisions of its own . . . [it] should be loathe to do so in the absence of
extraordinary circumstances such as where the initial decision was clearly erroneous and
would work a manifest injustice.”).
Here, under either standard for a Rule 54(b) motion, Plaintiffs’ motion fails.
The Court gave careful consideration to the legal arguments Plaintiffs presented earlier in
opposition to K-V’s motion to dismiss, and again now for reconsideration. None of
Plaintiffs’ arguments for reconsideration are deemed sufficient by the Court. And though
the Court granted Plaintiffs leave to amend with respect to the financial assistance
program, they say they do not intend to amend in this regard. Thus, it appears that it is
time for the Eighth Circuit Court of Appeals to consider the Court’s rulings, should
Plaintiffs choose to file an appeal.
IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that Plaintiffs’ motion for reconsideration is DENIED.
(Doc. No. 118.)
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that Defendants’ motion to dismiss the complaint for
failure to state a claim is GRANTED.
A separate Judgment shall accompany this Memorandum and Order.
AUDREY G. FLEISSIG
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
Dated this 6th day of June, 2014.
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