Watson v. State of Missouri et al
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER: IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that plaintiff's post-dismissal request to amend his complaint Doc. # 12 is DENIED. Signed by District Judge Rodney W. Sippel on 6/3/13. (ARL)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF MISSOURI
STATE OF MISSOURI, et al.,
No. 4:13CV782 RWS
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER
Before the Court is plaintiff's post-dismissal request to file a second
amended complaint.1 For the following reasons, plaintiff's request will be denied.
The Dismissal of the Amended Complaint
On April 24, 2013, plaintiff filed this action against the State of Missouri,
the St. Louis County Police Department and Chris Koster, the Missouri Attorney
General. As grounds for filing this case in Federal Court, plaintiff stated, “Case of
Action: De Facto Theft by Unlawful Takings, Conflict of Interest of the State of
On May 13, 2013, ten (10) days after the dismissal of this action, plaintiff
filed an amended complaint without filing an accompanying motion for leave to
file an amended complaint. Because plaintiff is proceeding pro se in this action,
the Court will presume plaintiff is seeking leave of Court to amend his action, as is
proper under the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure after dismissal for failure to
state a claim.
Missouri Under Color of Law (Negligence): This Action is Brought Under the
Civil Rights Act of 1871 (42 U.S.C.A. Section 1983) Fourteenth Amendment.”
In the body of his amended complaint, filed on May 3, 2013, plaintiff
described a dispute with his loan company over the financing of his 2005 Chevy
Uplander. As background for the allegations concerning what he described as a
“taking” occurring in March of 2013, plaintiff described an incident that occurred
in his driveway involving his vehicle. In short, plaintiff claimed that two persons
showed up in his driveway in December of 2012 with a tow truck and began
attempting to tow his Chevy Uplander from his driveway. Plaintiff asserted that he
called the St. Louis County police to the scene, and the police allowed the
individuals to take his vehicle, telling plaintiff that it was a “civil matter.” Plaintiff
claims that he was told by the agent who took his vehicle that he could get his
Uplander back if he would pay $1500.
The allegations in the amended complaint concerned an alleged “taking”
that occurred in March of this year. Plaintiff alleged that on March 11, 2013 his
2005 Chevy Uplander was taken from the driveway of his home on Castle Drive in
St. Louis, Missouri. He claimed he made a police report to a St. Louis County
police officer and filed a claim with his insurance company. Plaintiff asserted that
his insurance company first approved a rental car for his use, but after a day or so
they took back the rental car and demanded that he pay for its use. Plaintiff alleges
that the police refused to get involved in the matter and stopped investigating the
“disappearance” of his car. In the body of his amended complaint, plaintiff stated
that on “2/20/2013 plaintiff contacted HSBC by certified U.S. Mail Requesting a
notarized lien release, 7007 0710 0004 0039 0871 to declare additional proof of
The Court found that although plaintiff had asserted that he was bringing his
action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983 for a violation of his civil rights, he had failed
to describe an act by a government official that had violated his rights. Although
plaintiff claimed that his Chevy Uplander was unconstitutionally “taken” from his
home, he did not actually accuse the State of Missouri, St. Louis County or Chris
Koster of participating in the alleged taking.2 Rather, he alleged that private
actors, or persons related to his lien-holder or their assignees, were involved in the
Attached to the amended complaint, and therefore part of the pleading
pursuant to Fed.R.Civ.P. 10, was a copy of plaintiff’s retail installment contact and
security agreement, entered into with Auto Centers of St. Louis and assigned to
HSBC Motor Credit. Also attached to the amended complaint was a copy of the
Certificate of Title issued by the State of Missouri wherein the lienholder was
listed as HSBC Motor Credit.
The Court noted that plaintiff's conclusory allegations of the named
defendants entering into a conspiracy with the private actors were insufficient to
support a conspiracy or “due process” claim, however it was styled. See Larson v.
Miller, 76 F.3d 1446, 1454 (8th Cir.1996).
taking of his vehicle from his driveway. Accordingly, he did not state a
constitutional claim under § 1983 against the named defendants.
The Court further noted that even if plaintiff had stated a claim for a
“taking,” or some other constitutional violation, the State of Missouri was
absolutely immune from liability under § 1983. See Will v. Michigan Dept. of
State Police, 491 U.S. 58, 63 (1989). Furthermore, any § 1983 allegations against
the St. Louis County Police Department also failed, as police departments are not
suable entities. Ketchum v. City of West Memphis, Ark.,974 F.2d 81, 82 (1992).
Last, plaintiff’s allegations against Chris Koster, Attorney General of the State of
Missouri, sound in respondeat superior, and could not sustain a cause of action
under § 1983. “Liability under § 1983 requires a causal link to, and direct
responsibility for, the alleged deprivation of rights.” Madewell v. Roberts, 909
F.2d 1203, 1208 (8th Cir. 1990); see also Martin v. Sargent, 780 F.2d 1334, 1338
(8th Cir. 1985) (claim not cognizable under § 1983 where plaintiff fails to allege
defendant was personally involved in or directly responsible for incidents that
injured plaintiff); Boyd v. Knox, 47 F.3d 966, 968 (8th Cir. 1995)(respondeat
superior theory inapplicable in § 1983 suits).
In light of the aforementioned, plaintiff's amended complaint was dismissed
pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B). Any remaining state law claims were
dismissed pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1367(c).
Plaintiff's Proposed Second Amended Complaint
Plaintiff's proposed second amended complaint again makes claims against
defendants, the State of Missouri, St. Louis County (Police Department) and Chris
Koster. Plaintiff asserts at the beginning of his second amended complaint that he
is bringing his action for "the denial of federally secured rights of unlawful search
The body of the second amended complaint makes similar allegations to
those made in the first amended complaint. Plaintiff claims that an officer with the
St. Louis County Police Department allowed an individual named Scott with the
"United Auto for Standard Consumer USA" Company to repossess his Chevy
Uplander from his driveway on March 11, 2013, without requiring Scott to have
the proper "notice, judgment or order of the court."
Plaintiff states that he believes defendants, the State of Missouri and Chris
Koster, "own, operates and manage," the St. Louis County Police Department,"
such that the police were allowed to violate his rights under the Constitution.
Rule 15 directs courts to grant leave to amend “freely ... when justice so
requires.” While Rule 15 envisions a liberal amendment policy, justice does not
require the filing of a futile amendment. Stricker v. Union Planters Bank, N.A.,
436 F.3d 875, 878 (8th Cir.2006). A proposed amendment is futile if it could not
withstand a motion to dismiss for failure to state a claim. Zutz v. Nelson, 601 F.3d
842, 850 (8th Cir.2010).
Plaintiff's allegations, as stated in his second amended complaint, would not
withstand a motion to dismiss. To the extent that plaintiff's allegations for
improper "search and seizure" are against St. Louis County, rather than St. Louis
County Police Department, these allegations fail to state a claim. Plaintiff has
failed to state that a policy or custom of the County is responsible for the alleged
constitutional violation. Monell v. Department of Social Services, 436 U.S. 658,
690-91 (1978). As a result, the complaint fails to state a claim upon which relief
can be granted. Furthermore, as noted above, his claims cannot legally survive
against the St. Louis County Police Department, as police departments are not
suable entities. Ketchum, 974 F.2d at 82.
Moreover, plaintiff's allegations against the State of Missouri and Chris
Koster sound in respondeat superior and cannot form the basis for relief under §
1983. Madewell, 909 F.2d at 1208; see also Martin, 780 F.2d at 1338; Boyd, 47
F.3d at 968. And, as plaintiff is aware, the State of Missouri is absolutely immune
from liability under the statute. See Will, 491 U.S. at 63.
IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that plaintiff's post-dismissal request to
amend his complaint [Doc. #12] is DENIED.
Dated this 3rd day of June, 2013.
RODNEY W. SIPPEL
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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