Jones v. Colvin
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER:IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that Defendants Motion to Reverse and Remand Doc. 17 is GRANTED. IT IS FURTHER HEREBY ORDERED, ADJUDGED, AND DECREED that the decision of the Commissioner of Social Security is REVERSED and this matter is REMANDED for further proceedings pursuant to the fourth sentence of 42 U.S.C. § 405 (g). Signed by Magistrate Judge Shirley P. Mensah on 8/19/2013. (RAK)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF MISSOURI
KIMNATTA M. JONES,
CAROLYN W. COLVIN,
Acting Commissioner of Social Security
Case No. 4:13-CV-824-SPM
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER
This case is before the Court on Defendant Carolyn W. Colvin’s Motion to Reverse and
Remand the case to Defendant for further administrative action pursuant to sentence four of 42
U.S.C. § 405(g). (Doc. 17).
On April 30, 2013, Plaintiff filed a Complaint seeking review of Defendant’s decision that
Plaintiff was not under a disability within the meaning of the Social Security Act. (Doc. 1).
Both Plaintiff and Defendant consented to have the undersigned United States Magistrate Judge
conduct all proceedings in the case, including trial and entry of a final judgment, in accordance
with 28 U.S.C. § 636(c)(1). (Doc. 13). On July 8, 2013, Defendant filed its answer and the
transcript of the administrative record. (Docs. 15 & 16).
On July 10, 2013, Defendant filed the instant motion to reverse and remand. Defendant
states that after careful review of the record, agency counsel requested that the Appeals Council of
the Social Security Administration reconsider Defendant’s decision, and the Appeals Council
determined that remand was appropriate. Defendant states that upon receipt of a remand order
from this Court, the Appeals Council will remand this case to an ALJ with directions to (1) further
consider Plaintiff’s residual functional capacity (RFC) and in so doing, articulate the specific
limitations in terms of work-related functioning; (2) obtain evidence from a vocational expert (VE)
to clarify the effect of the assessed limitations on the occupational base and to determine whether a
significant number of jobs exist in the national economy that Plaintiff can perform; and (3) issue a
In her response, Plaintiff agrees that the ALJ’s RFC finding and the lack of a vocational
expert require reversal and remand. She also requests that this Court not limit its remand to those
findings while affirming the remaining findings of the ALJ, but that this Court rather require the
ALJ to issue a new decision entirely.
Under sentence four of 42 U.S.C. § 405(g), “The court shall have power to enter, upon the
pleadings and transcript of the record, a judgment affirming, modifying, or reversing the decision
of the Commissioner of Social Security, with our without remanding the cause for a rehearing.”
The Court agrees with both Plaintiff and Defendant that the ALJ’s decision must be reversed,
because the decision is plainly missing an RFC finding1 and because the ALJ found Plaintiff had
severe mental impairments and yet relied on the Medical-Vocational Guidelines instead of on the
testimony of a VE. (Tr. 33, 37-38). See 20 C.F.R. § 416.920(e) (describing the role of the RFC
in the five-step disability evaluation process); King v. Astrue, 564 F.3d 978, 979 (8th Cir. 2009)
(“[W]e can find no case in our circuit sanctioning the Commissioner’s use of the
[Medical-Vocational Guidelines] at step five, as opposed to VE testimony, in a case involving a
severe mental nonexertional impairment”). It is unclear at this time whether there are other errors
in the ALJ’s decision or whether the ALJ’s other findings are supported by substantial evidence.
Thus, the Court does not affirm any part of the ALJ’s decision. On remand, the ALJ should
ensure that her entire decision complies with the relevant regulations.
The ALJ’s decision states, “After careful consideration of the entire record, I find that the
claimant has the residual functional capacity to perform a full range of work at all exertional levels
but with the following nonexertional limitations:”. No limitations follow the colon. (Tr. 33).
IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that Defendant’s Motion to Reverse and Remand (Doc. 17)
IT IS FURTHER HEREBY ORDERED, ADJUDGED, AND DECREED that the
decision of the Commissioner of Social Security is REVERSED and this matter is REMANDED
for further proceedings pursuant to the fourth sentence of 42 U.S.C. § 405(g).
/s/Shirley Padmore Mensah__________
SHIRLEY PADMORE MENSAH
UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
Dated this 19th day of August, 2013.
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