Hawkins v. Norman
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER: IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that petitioner's motion for leave to proceed in forma pauperis [Doc. # 2 ] is GRANTED. IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that petitioner shall pay an initial partial filing fee of $2.05 within thirty (30 ) days from the date of this order. Petitioner is instructed to make his remittance payable to "Clerk, United States District Court," and to include upon it: (1) his name; (2) his prison registration number; (3) the case number; an d (4) that the remittance is for an original proceeding. IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that petitioner shall show cause within thirty (30) days of the date of this Order as to why the Court should not dismiss the instant action as time-barred. Petitioner 039;s failure to file a show cause response shall result in the dismissal of this action as time-barred. (Initial Partial Filing Fee due by 10/16/2013. Show Cause Response due by 10/16/2013.) Signed by District Judge E. Richard Webber on September 16, 2013. (BRP)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF MISSOURI
BRODERICK K. HAWKINS,
No. 4:13CV01246 ERW
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER
This matter is before the Court upon the application of Broderick K. Hawkins
(registration no. 528853) for leave to commence this action without payment of the
required filing fee [ECF No. 2]. For the reasons stated below, the Court finds that
petitioner does not have sufficient funds to pay the entire filing fee, and therefore, the
motion will be granted, and petitioner will be assessed an initial partial filing fee of
$2.05. See 28 U.S.C. § 1915(b)(1). Furthermore, based upon a review of petitioner’s
“Motion pursuant to Federal Rules of Civil Procedure 60(b),” the Court will order
petitioner to show cause why this action should not be dismissed as time-barred.
28 U.S.C. § 1915(b)(1)
Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(b)(1), a prisoner bringing a civil action in forma
pauperis is required to pay the full amount of the filing fee. If the prisoner has
insufficient funds in his prison account to pay the entire fee, the Court must assess and,
when funds exist, collect an initial partial filing fee of 20 percent of the greater of (1)
the average monthly deposits in the prisoner's account; or (2) the average monthly
balance in the prisoner's account for the prior six-month period. See 28 U.S.C. §
1915(b)(1). After payment of the initial partial filing fee, the prisoner is required to
make monthly payments of 20 percent of the preceding month's income credited to the
prisoner's account. See 28 U.S.C. § 1915(b)(2). The agency having custody of the
prisoner will forward these monthly payments to the Clerk of Court each time the
amount in the prisoner's account exceeds $10, until the filing fee is fully paid. Id.
Plaintiff has submitted an affidavit and a certified copy of his prison account
statement for the six-month period immediately preceding the submission of his motion.
See 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a)(1),(2). A review of plaintiff's account statement indicates an
average monthly deposit of $10.25, and an average monthly account balance of $.25.
Plaintiff has insufficient funds to pay the entire filing fee. Accordingly, the Court will
assess an initial partial filing fee of $2.05, which is 20 percent of plaintiff's average
28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)
Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B), the Court may dismiss a complaint filed
in forma pauperis at any time if the action is frivolous, malicious, fails to state a claim
upon which relief can be granted, or seeks monetary relief against a defendant who is
immune from such relief. An action fails to state a claim upon which relief can be
granted if it does not plead “enough facts to state a claim to relief that is plausible on
its face.” Bell Atlantic Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 570 (2007).
In reviewing a pro se complaint under § 1915(e)(2)(B), the Court must give the
complaint the benefit of a liberal construction. Haines v. Kerner, 404 U.S. 519, 520
(1972). The Court must also weigh all factual allegations in favor of the plaintiff,
unless the facts alleged are clearly baseless. Denton v. Hernandez, 504 U.S. 25, 32-33
On April 17, 1997, a jury convicted petitioner of first degree murder, first degree
assault, and two counts of armed criminal action. See State v. Hawkins, 973 S.W.2d
179, 180 (Mo. Ct. App. E.D. 1998). He was sentenced on May 29, 1997, to four
consecutive terms of life without parole. On direct appeal, the Missouri Court of
Appeals for the Eastern District of Missouri modified petitioner’s sentence to correct
a technical matter, but affirmed the judgment of conviction in all other respects. Id.
Petitioner next sought relief from the state trial court’s judgment pursuant to Rule
29.15 of the Missouri Rules of Criminal Procedure. The Missouri Court of Appeals
affirmed the denial of his Rule 29.15 motion on November 21, 2000. See Hawkins v.
State, 34 S.W.2d 835 (Mo. Ct. App. E.D. 2000). Petitioner's motion for rehearing
and/or transfer to the Missouri Supreme Court was denied on January 17, 2001. Id.
In addition to his direct appeal and Rule 29.15 motion, petitioner filed a petition
for writ of habeas corpus pursuant to Rule 91 of the Missouri Rules of Civil Procedure.
Petitioner states that the Rule 91 action was dismissed without an evidentiary hearing
on November 2, 2001.
The Court’s records indicate that petitioner filed his first federal petition for writ
of habeas corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2254 on May 30, 1997. See Hawkins v. St.
Louis Cnty. Circuit Court, 4:97-CV-1142-ERW (E.D. Mo.). The Court dismissed the
case without prejudice on June 18, 1997, for failure to exhaust state remedies.
Petitioner filed his second § 2254 petition for writ of habeas corpus on May 30,
2002. See Hawkins v. Luebbers, 4:02-CV-793-ERW (E.D. Mo.). The Court denied
habeas relief on January 24, 2003, on the ground that the action was time-barred. On
March 24, 2003, the United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit denied
petitioner a certificate of appealability. Id. On February 12 and April 1, 2003, this
Court denied petitioner’s motions for relief from alleged mistakes in calculating the
timeliness issue in the Court’s January 24 Order. Thereafter, on August 31, 2012, this
Court denied petitioner’s Rule 60(a) motion for relief, after noting that the motion was
actually a motion for reconsideration of the Court’s finding that his habeas petition was
Petitioner filed his third § 2254 petition for writ of habeas corpus on October 14,
2004. See Hawkins v. Purkett, 4:04-CV-1416-ERW (E.D. Mo.). This Court denied
habeas relief on November 17, 2004, finding that the action was untimely. On
February 14, 2005, the Eighth Circuit denied petitioner a certificate of appealability.
The Rule 60(b) Motion
Petitioner brings this Rule 60(b) motion seeking relief from this Court’s aforementioned January 24 and February 12, 2003 Orders, entered in Hawkins v. Luebbers,
4:02-CV-793-ERW (E.D. Mo.). Petitioner claims that there was a “mistake in
calculating time stopped arising from excusable neglect.” As such, the Court will
liberally construe the instant motion as having been brought pursuant to Rule 60(b)(1),
(b) Grounds for Relief from a Final Judgment, Order, or
Proceeding. On motion and just terms, the court may relieve a party or
its legal representative from a final judgment, order, or proceeding for the
(1) mistake, inadvertence, surprise, or excusable neglect.
See also Gonzalez v. Crosby, 545 U.S. 524, 532 n.4 (2005) (petitioner may bring a
Rule 60(b) motion when he merely asserts that a previous ruling which precluded a
merits determination was in error, for example, a statute-of-limitations bar).
Relevant to the case at bar is the fact that there is a time limit for filing a motion
under Rule 60(b)(1). Specifically, Rule 60(c)(1) states that a motion filed under Rule
60(b)(1) must be made “no more than a year after the entry of the judgment or order
or the date of the proceeding.” In the instant action, however, more than ten years have
lapsed since the entry of the January 24 and February 12, 2003 Orders. As such, the
Court will instruct petitioner to show cause why this action should not be dismissed as
IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that petitioner’s motion for leave to proceed in
forma pauperis [Doc. #2] is GRANTED.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that petitioner shall pay an initial partial filing
fee of $2.05 within thirty (30) days from the date of this order. Petitioner is instructed
to make his remittance payable to "Clerk, United States District Court," and to include
upon it: (1) his name; (2) his prison registration number; (3) the case number; and (4)
that the remittance is for an original proceeding.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that petitioner shall show cause within thirty
(30) days of the date of this Order as to why the Court should not dismiss the instant
action as time-barred. Petitioner’s failure to file a show cause response shall result in
the dismissal of this action as time-barred.
So Ordered this 16th day of September, 2013.
E. RICHARD WEBBER
SENIOR UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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