Holmes v. State of Missouri
OPINION MEMORANDUM AND ORDER IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that the Courts November 25, 2013 Memorandum and Order is VACATED. IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that the Clerk shall docket this petition as Glenn M. Holmes, Jr. v. Ellis McSwain, Jr. Signed by District Judge Henry E. Autrey on 1/17/14. (CLA)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF MISSOURI
GLENN M. HOLMES, JR.,
ELLIS MCSWAIN, JR.1,
No. 4:13CV2258 HEA
OPINION, MEMORANDUM AND ORDER
This matter is before the Court upon review of the record.
Upon review of the habeas corpus petition, it has become apparent that
petitioner is seeking relief from his original conviction for possession of a
controlled substance. See State v. Holmes, Case No. 22021-01806-01.
On August 19, 2004, the state trial court sentenced petitioner to (2) two
concurrent terms of three (3) years and one term of one year. The court then
Petitioner has named as respondent the State of Missouri. The proper
respondent for a prisoner currently in custody pursuant to a state court judgment is
the state officer having custody of the applicant. See 28 U.S.C. § 2254, Rule 2(a).
However, it appears petitioner is currently on parole, thus, the proper respondent is
“the particular . . . parole official in charge of the parole agency.” Rule 2 of the
Rules Governing § 2254 Cases in the United States District Courts (Advisory
Comm. Notes). Ellis McSwain, Jr., the Chairman of the Missouri Board of Prob.
and Parole, is the proper respondent in this petition. The Court will substitute
Ellis McSwain, Jr. As the proper respondent.
suspended the execution of the sentence (“SES”) and placed petitioner on
probation for two (2) years. At that time, petitioner did not appeal his conviction
It appears from a review of Mo.Case.Net, that an order for probation
suspension was entered by the trial court on July 20, 2006, and petitioner’s
probation was revoked on March 1, 2007. Petitioner did not file his first postconviction relief motion until April 5, 2007. See Holmes v. State, Case No. 0722CC01098. The Court presumes that his post-conviction relief motion was filed in
relation to his probation revocation, which would form the basis for a separate
habeas corpus petition before this Court.2
As the Court misunderstood petitioner’s intentions regarding his writ of
habeas corpus in its prior Order to Show Cause, the Court will vacate its
November 25, 2013 Memorandum and Order and issue a new Order to Show
Cause with respect to petitioner’s application for writ of habeas corpus, as it, too
appears to be time-barred.
Rule 2(e) of the Rules Governing § 2254 Cases requires that petitioner file
a separate petition for each state court judgment he challenges. Under Missouri
law, an SES is an entry of judgment, because the sentence has been assessed and
only the act of executing the sentence has been suspended. E.g., State v. Nelson, 9
S.W.3d 687, 688 (Mo.Ct.App. 1999). Moreover, probation is not part of the
sentence and operates independently of the sentence. See Barnes v. State, 826
S.W.2d 74, 76 (Mo.Ct.App. 1992).
IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that the Court’s November 25, 2013
Memorandum and Order is VACATED.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that the Clerk shall docket this petition as
Glenn M. Holmes, Jr. v. Ellis McSwain, Jr.
Dated this 17th day of January, 2014.
HENRY EDWARD AUTREY
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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