Ford v. Colvin
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER: IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that Defendant's motion to dismiss (Doc. 12 ) is GRANTED. IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that Plaintiff's complaint (Doc. 1 ) is DISMISSED with prejudice. Signed by Magistrate Judge Shirley P. Mensah on 5/14/14. (JWD)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF MISSOURI
LAMONT EDGAR FORD,
CAROLYN W. COLVIN,
Acting Commissioner of Social Security,
Case No. 4:13-cv-2441-SPM
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER
This matter is before the court on Defendant Carolyn W. Colvin’s Motion to Dismiss
Plaintiff’s case on the ground that Plaintiff’s complaint was not timely filed. (Doc. 12).1 For the
reasons stated below, the court will grant Defendant’s motion.
FACTUAL AND PROCEDURAL BACKGROUND
On December 20, 2012, an Administrative Law Judge issued a decision finding that
Plaintiff Lamont Edgar Ford (“Plaintiff”) was not entitled to disability insurance benefits under
Title II of the Social Security Act (the “Act”), 42 U.S.C. §§ 401 et seq., or supplemental security
income under Title XVI of the Act, 42 U.S.C. §§ 1381 et seq. (Doc. 12-1). On September 23,
2013, the Appeals Council denied Plaintiff’s request for review, and it sent a letter to Plaintiff
informing him of that decision. (Doc. 12-2). The letter is titled “Notice of Appeals Council
Action” and is dated September 23, 2013. It states, in part:
The parties have consented to the jurisdiction of the undersigned United States Magistrate
Judge under 28 U.S.C. § 636(c)(1). (Doc. 11).
Time To File a Civil Action
• You have 60 days to file a civil action (ask for court review).
• The 60 days start the day after you receive this letter. We assume you received
this letter 5 days after the date on it unless you show us that you did not
receive it within the 5-day period.
• If you cannot file for court review within 60 days, you may ask the Appeals
Council to extend your time to file. You must have a good reason for waiting
more than 60 days to ask for court review. You must make the request in
writing and give your reason(s) in the request.
(Doc. 12-2, at p.2).
On December 2, 2013, Plaintiff, acting pro se, filed a complaint under 42 U.S.C. 402(g)
for judicial review of the decision denying benefits. (Doc. 1). In his complaint, Plaintiff stated
that he had received notice of the decision of the Appeals Council on September 23, 2013. On
February 7, 2014, Defendant filed a motion to dismiss the case based on Plaintiff’s failure to file
the lawsuit within sixty days of his receipt of the notice of Appeals Council action. (Doc. 12).
On March 18, 2014, the court granted Plaintiff until March 31, 2014, to respond to Defendant’s
motion. (Doc. 13).
On March 20, 2014, Plaintiff filed a response, in which he stated that he had been late to
his third hearing because of confusion over who was taking him there, that he had been getting
benefits for seventeen years, that he had had major surgery on his intestines and lungs, that he
had had a stroke on February 24 and had been in the hospital for four days, and that he did not
have money for medicine. (Doc. 14). Plaintiff also filed with the court records of his February
2014 hospitalization. (Doc. 15). On May 8, 2014, Plaintiff filed a memorandum that he states he
wrote to help his case in 2013; this memorandum states that Plaintiff was judged unfairly, that
Plaintiff’s attorney had not brought information to Plaintiff’s hearing, that Plaintiff was behind in
rent and bills, and that Plaintiff has tried to work but cannot keep up. (Doc. 16). 2
When ruling on a Rule 12(b)(6) motion to dismiss, the court must accept as true all of the factual
allegations in the complaint, though it need not accept the legal conclusions. Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S.
662, 678 (2009). To survive a motion to dismiss, “a complaint must contain sufficient factual matter,
accepted as true, to ‘state a claim to relief that is plausible on its face.’” Id. (quoting Bell Atl. Corp. v.
Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 570 (2007)). A claim satisfies the plausibility standard “when the plaintiff
pleads factual content that allows the court to draw the reasonable inference that the defendant is liable
for the misconduct alleged.” Id. “Where the allegations show on the face of the complaint there is some
insuperable bar to relief, dismissal under Rule 12(b)(6) is appropriate.” Benton v. Merrill Lynch & Co.,
524 F.3d 866, 870 (8th Cir. 2008).
The Commissioner argues that Plaintiff’s complaint should be dismissed because he filed
it more than sixty days after he received notice of the Appeals Council’s decision. 42 U.S.C.
§ 405(g) provides:
Any individual, after any final decision of the Commissioner of Social Security
made after a hearing to which he was a party, irrespective of the amount in
controversy, may obtain a review of such decision by a civil action commenced
within sixty days after the mailing to him of notice of such decision or within
such further time as the Commissioner of Social Security may allow. Such
action shall be brought in the district court of the United States for the judicial
district in which the plaintiff resides.
(emphasis added). An action filed outside of this sixty-day time limit is subject to dismissal. See
Bess v. Barnhart, 337 F.3d 988, 989-90 (8th Cir. 2003).
This memorandum is dated August 2013 and is addressed to “Judge Mensah”; however,
Plaintiff’s case was not before the undersigned until it was filed in December 2013.
The regulations provide that the sixty-day time period begins to run on the date the notice
of the Appeals Council decision “is received by the individual.” See 20 C.F.R. §§ 422.210(c)
(stating that a civil action for review of the final decision of the Commissioner “must be
instituted within 60 days after the Appeals Council’s notice of denial of request for review of the
administrative law judge’s decision or notice of the decision by the Appeals Council is received
by the individual . . . .”); see also 20 C.F.R. §§ 404.981, 416.1481 (“You may file an action in a
Federal district court within 60 days after the date you receive notice of the Appeals Council’s
action.”). The regulations further provide that “the date of receipt of notice of denial of request
for review of the presiding officer’s decision or notice of the decision by the Appeals Council
shall be presumed to be 5 days after the date of such notice, unless there is a reasonable showing
to the contrary.” 20 C.F.R. § 422.210(c). See also Bess, 337 F.3d at 989-90 (discussing the fiveday presumption).
Here, the date of the Appeals Council notice letter is September 23, 2013. Thus, Plaintiff
is presumed to have received it on September 28, 2013, absent a reasonable showing to the
contrary. Plaintiff has made no attempt to show that he did not receive this letter by September
28, 2013. To the contrary, in his complaint, he stated that he received notice of the decision of
the Appeals Council on September 23, 2013. Thus, Plaintiff was required to file an action for
judicial review no later than November 27, 2013, unless the Commissioner allowed him
Plaintiff does not allege that he sought any extension of time from the
Commissioner, and a representative of the Commissioner states that he is unaware of any request
for extension of time. (Doc. 12-3, at p. 3). However, Plaintiff did not file an appeal until
December 2, 2013.
The sixty-day limitation period may be equitably tolled under some circumstances. See
Bowen v. City of New York, 476 U.S. 467, 480 (1986) (“While in most cases the Secretary will
make the determination whether it is proper to extend the period within which review must be
sought, cases may arise where the equities in favor of tolling the limitations period are so great
that deference to the agency’s judgment is inappropriate.”) (internal quotation marks omitted).
However, the Eighth Circuit has noted that equitable tolling is has been allowed “only in cases
where the government has hindered claimant’s attempts to exercise rights by acting in a
misleading or clandestine way.” Bess, 337 F.3d at 990; see also Turner v. Bowen, 862 F.2d 708,
710 (8th Cir. 1988) (“Generally, equitable circumstances that might toll a limitations period
involve conduct (by someone other than the claimant) that is misleading or fraudulent.”).
Here, Plaintiff does not suggest that the government or anyone else hindered his attempts
to file a timely appeal, nor does he assert that anyone acted in a misleading or fraudulent way
with respect to the timing of his appeal. The “Notice of Appeals Council Action” clearly
informed Plaintiff of the time he had to bring his appeal, and Plaintiff does not claim that he ever
received contrary information. Indeed, Plaintiff has not provided any explanation whatsoever for
his failure to file his appeal by November 27, 2013. Instead, in his response to Defendant’s
motion, he discusses the issues he had with getting to a hearing on time, his financial problems,
and a February 2014 hospitalization.3 These facts do not warrant equitable tolling of the sixtyday filing period in this case.
Plaintiff’s complaint was not filed within sixty days after his presumed receipt of the final
decision of the Defendant or within any time as extended by the Appeals Council, and there are
The documentation of the February 2014 hospitalization may have been an attempt to explain
his late filing of a response to Defendant’s motion to dismiss.
no circumstances present that would warrant equitable tolling of the sixty-day period. Thus,
Plaintiff’s complaint is untimely and must be dismissed.
IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that Defendant’s motion to dismiss (Doc. 12) is
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that Plaintiff’s complaint (Doc.1) is DISMISSED with
/s/Shirley Padmore Mensah
SHIRLEY PADMORE MENSAH
UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
Dated this 14th day of May, 2014.
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