Gray v. The Outsource Group
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER re: 35 MOTION for Leave to file First Amended Complaint filed by Plaintiff Lawrence G. Gray, Jr. IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that Plaintiff's motion for leave to file first amended complaint is DENIED. Signed by Magistrate Judge Thomas C. Mummert, III on May 7, 2014. (MCB)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF MISSOURI
THE OUTSOURCE GROUP,
Case No. 4:13cv2537 TCM
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER
Lawrence Gray (Plaintiff) moves this Court for leave to file a first amended
complaint. The Outsource Group (Defendant) opposes the motion on grounds of futility.
Plaintiff requests in his motion to amend his complaint leave to include allegations
he was subjected to a discriminatory hostile work environment during his 2007 employment.
He argues that these allegations are not time-barred because there is a discriminatory act that
falls within the statute of limitations period. In support of this allegation, Plaintiff submits
a November 21, 2007, e-mail exchange between Defendant's human resources officers about
Plaintiff's position relative to his background check, his termination, and whether he needed
to re-apply if, within thirty days, he provided updated information that the background check
results showing a felony conviction were not accurate. (Pl.'s Mot. at 5-6.)
In his reply to Defendant's opposition, Plaintiff states "he has a legal right to cure any
legal deficiencies" in his original complaint and that he is "entitled to file an amended
complaint if new evidence is discovered, action can be taken, justice and relief can be
sought." (Pl.'s Reply at 1.) Plaintiff also argues that his allegations of a hostile work
environment are timely because those claims, the failure to hire him, the charges of unlawful
termination, and retaliation are "one unlawful employment practice." (Id. at 4.)
Rule 15 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure provides that a plaintiff may amend
his complaint "once as a matter of course" within 21 days after serving it or 21 days after
service of a responsive pleading, whichever is earlier. Fed.R.Civ.P. 15(a)(1). Both periods
have passed. Thus, contrary to Plaintiff's position, he may not amend his complaint as a
matter of right.
"In all other cases, a party may amend its pleading only with the opposing party's
written consent or the court's leave. The court should freely give leave when justice so
requires." Fed.R.Civ.P. 15(a)(2). "'[F]utility constitutes a valid reason for denial of a motion
to amend.'" U.S. ex. rel. Raynor v. Nat'l Rural Utilities Co-op., 690 F.3d 951, 958 (8th
Cir. 2012) (quoting Knapp v. Hanson, 183 F.3d 786, 790 (8th Cir. 1999)). See also Geier
v. Mo. Ethics Comm'n, 715 F.3d 674, 678 (8th Cir. 2013) ("[W]hile Rule 15 [governing the
amendment of complaints] is broadly construed to allow amendments, district courts need
not indulge in futile gestures.") (internal quotations omitted).
The Court earlier granted Defendant's motion to dismiss Plaintiff's allegations of
discriminatory conduct, whether they be of termination, failure to rehire, or retaliation,
before March 10, 2012. (Order of April 7, 2014.) One week later, the Court denied
Plaintiff's motion for reconsideration in which he advanced similar arguments to the ones he
now raises. Indeed, the e-mail attached to Plaintiff's current motion was earlier submitted
as an attachment to his motion for reconsideration.
Because the proposed amended allegations would be futile,
IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that Plaintiff's motion for leave to file first amended
complaint is DENIED [Doc. 35]
/s/Thomas C. Mummert, III
THOMAS C. MUMMERT, III
UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
Dated this 7th day of May, 2014.
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