Alexander v. 3D Star Insurance Services et al
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER re: 2 MOTION for Leave to Proceed in forma pauperis filed by Plaintiff Larken Alexander. Motion is GRANTED..IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that plaintiff shall show cause no later than twenty-one (21) days from the date of this Order why this action should not be dismissed( Show Cause Response due by 5/8/2014.) Signed by District Judge Stephen N. Limbaugh, Jr on 4/17/14. (MRS)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF MISSOURI
3D STAR INSURANCE SERVICES, et al.,
No. 4:14CV748 SNLJ
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER
Plaintiff brings this action pursuant to Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, 42
U.S.C. ' 2000e-5, for alleged race discrimination in the workplace. Pending before the Court is
plaintiff’s motion for leave to proceed in forma pauperis. Upon consideration of plaintiff’s
financial affidavit, it appears that plaintiff cannot afford to pay the filing fee, and the Court will
therefore grant the motion. See 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a). Under 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e), the Court is
required to review any case filed in forma pauperis and to dismiss it if it is frivolous, malicious,
or fails to state a claim upon which relief can be granted. Having reviewed the case, it appears
that plaintiff’s claims are barred by Title VII’s exhaustion requirements, and the Court will order
plaintiff to show cause why the complaint should not be summarily dismissed.
Plaintiff brings this action against 3D Star Insurance and Denise Dockendorf. 1 Plaintiff
worked in housekeeping for 3D one day per week. Plaintiff alleges that he was unlawfully
terminated in February 2012 because of his race, African-American. Attached to plaintiff=s
Title VII provides a remedy only against an Aemployer.@ The Eighth Circuit Court of Appeals
has held that Asupervisors may not be held individually liable under Title VII.@ BonomoloHagen v. Clay Central-Everly Community School District, 121 F.3d 446, 447 (8th Cir. 1997)
(citing Spencer v. Ripley County State Bank, 123 F.3d 690, 691-92 (8th Cir. 1997) (per curiam));
see Bales v. Wal-Mart Stores Inc., 143 F.3d 1103, 1111 (8th Cir. 1998).
complaint is a copy of an Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (“EEOC”) right-to-sue
letter, as well as his charge of discrimination filed with the EEOC. He filed his charge of
discrimination on January 24, 2014, nearly two years after he was discharged.
“[T]o initiate a claim under Title VII a party must timely file a charge of discrimination
with the EEOC and receive a right-to-sue letter.” Stuart v. General Motors Corp., 217 F.3d 621,
630 (8th Cir. 2000). Plaintiff was required to file his charge of discrimination with the EEOC (or
with the Missouri Commission on Human Rights (“MCHR”)) within 300 days of the allegedly
discriminatory occurrence. See 42 U.S.C. ' 2000eB5(e)(1) (providing for such a period where
claims are filed with “a State or local agency with authority grant or seek relief from such
practice or to institute criminal proceedings with respect thereto . . .”); see also Holland v. Sam’s
Club, 487 F.3d 641, 643 & n. 3 (8th Cir.2007) (holding that the MCHR is such an agency per
Mo. Rev. Stat. ' 213.030). Title VII plaintiffs are required to exhaust their administrative
remedies with the EEOC, or the comparative state agency, before bringing a formal action.
Tyler v. Univ. of Ark. Bd. of Trs., 628 F.3d 980, 989 (8th Cir.2011); Harris v. P.A.M. Transp.,
Inc., 339 F.3d 635, 638 (8th Cir.2003) (failure to exhaust administrative remedies requires
dismissal of ADA action, precluding plaintiff from obtaining review of his ADA claim); Malone
v. Ameren UE, No. 4:09CV00053, 2010 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 18611, at *6, 2010 WL 750075 (E.D.
Mo. Mar. 2, 2010) (dismissing plaintiff for failure to exhaust his administrative remedies with
respect to his claims of gender and disability discrimination). “Exhaustion of administrative
remedies is central to Title VII’s statutory scheme because it provides the EEOC the first
opportunity to investigate discriminatory practices and enables it to perform its roles of obtaining
voluntary compliance and promoting conciliatory efforts.” Williams v. Little Rock Mun. Water
Works, 21 F.3d 218, 222 (8th Cir.1994) (citing Patterson v. McLean Credit Union, 491 U.S. 164,
180B81, 109 S. Ct. 2363, 105 L.Ed.2d 132 (1989)). To exhaust administrative remedies an
individual must: (1) timely file a charge of discrimination with the EEOC setting forth the facts
and nature of the charge and (2) receive notice of the right to sue. 42 U.S.C. ' 2000eB5(b), (c),
The complaint alleges that the discriminatory termination occurred in February 2012.
Assuming the allegations in favor of plaintiff, the charge of discrimination was filed outside the
permissible 300Bday period. Therefore, plaintiff's Title VII claims appear to be time-barred by
42 U.S.C. ' 2000eB5(e)(1) and subject to dismissal for failure to timely exhaust administrative
remedies. See Myers v. Vogal, 960 F.2d 750, 751 (8th Cir. 1992). As a result, the Court will
direct plaintiff to show cause why the complaint should not be dismissed.
IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that plaintiff’s motion for leave to proceed in forma
pauperis [ECF No. 2] is GRANTED.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that plaintiff shall show cause no later than twenty-one
(21) days from the date of this Order why this action should not be dismissed.
Dated this 17th day of April, 2014.
STEPHEN N. LIMBAUGH, JR.
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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