United States of America v. 131,675 Square Feet of Space, More or Less, et al
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER : IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that plaintiff's motion in limine [Doc. #57 ] is granted.. Signed by District Judge Carol E. Jackson on 7/27/15. (KKS)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF MISSOURI
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
131,675 RENTABLE SQUARE FEET OF
SPACE (114,500 ANSI BOMA OFFICES
AREA (ABOA) USABLE SQUARE FEET OF )
SPACE, MORE OR LESS, TOGETHER
WITH SUCH APPURTENANT PARKING AS )
IDENTIFIED IN THE EXISTING LEASE
(TO-WIT: THIRTY-FIVE (35) COVERED
PARKING SPACES AND ELEVEN (11)
SURFACE PARKING SPACES), ALL
LOCATED GENERALLY AT 400 SOUTH
18TH STREET, ST. LOUIS, MISSOURI,
GSA-VA ST. LOUIS PROPERTY, LLC,
Case No. 4:14-CV-1077 (CEJ)
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER
This matter is before the Court on the United States’ motion in limine to
exclude evidence related to a “rental premium” due to the alleged uncertainty of
Defendant has responded in opposition, and the issues are fully
On June 10, 2014, after the expiration of a long-term lease, plaintiff, the
United States, filed a declaration of taking for the Veterans Benefits Administration
to occupy the subject building in downtown St. Louis consisting of 131,675 rentable
square feet of office space together with parking spaces.
Defendant GSA-VA St.
Louis Property, LLC is the lessor of the property. Plaintiff condemned a possessory
interest in the property for a fixed term of 33 months, commencing on June 11,
2014 and ending on March 10, 2017, with no option for further occupation. As an
$4,701,185.27 into the Court’s registry on June 11, 2014. Prior to the expiration of
the condemned leasehold in March 2017, the federal occupants of the subject
building plan to move to the federally owned Charles F. Prevedel Building in
Overland, Missouri when renovations on that building are complete.
In response to the complaint in condemnation, defendant did not challenge
the taking, but demanded a jury trial on the issue of just compensation. See Fed.
R. Civ. P. 71.1(e).
Contemporaneous to responding to defendant’s motion to
compel, plaintiff filed the instant motion in limine to exclude from trial all evidence
or argument related to a “rental premium” in excess of fair market rental rates,
including evidence related to the Prevedel Building, the potential move by the
Veteran Benefits Administration from the subject property to the Prevedel Building,
or the power of the United States to condemn additional periods of possession on
the expiration of the instant condemnation. Plaintiff argues that such evidence or
argument is inadmissible and irrelevant to any issue to be tried in this action.
Specifically, plaintiff takes issue with reports or depositions from four of
defendant’s experts, Kevin Bittmann, Richard Shepard, D. Lynn Whitt, and Edward
Mr. Bittman is a real estate broker who defendant anticipates will
provide opinion testimony at trial regarding “[t]he impact on the market rental rate
of provisions in a lease that (1) allows indefinite holdover after expiration of the
lease term and (2) gives up the right to evict the tenant for holding over.” Bittman
1-2 [Doc. #57-2].
Mr. Shepard, a real estate consultant, prepared a report for
defendant opining on the uncertainty of the completion date for renovations on and
funding for the Prevedel Building.
Shepard 2-5 [Doc. #57-3].
Mr. Whitt also
provided a report, opining that 33 months was inadequate for the government’s
renovation plans for the Prevedel Building given his belief that Congress had not yet
approved funding for the project. Whitt 655-61 [Doc. #57-5]. Mr. Dinan, a real
estate appraiser, provided to defendant his estimate of fair market rental for the
property taken. Based on the alleged uncertain status of funding and renovation
plans for the Prevedel Building, Mr. Dinan included a “rental premium” in his
estimate of the value. Dinan 87-92 [Doc. #57-6].1
The parties’ arguments regarding the relevance of the evidence in dispute
here are the same as those presented in the briefing on defendant’s motion to
compel discovery. Defendant contends it is entitled to an uncertain rental premium
based on the effect the risk of a future taking in the absence of a holdover provision
has on its ability to rent or market the building space to a new commercial tenant.
Plaintiff asserts that the measure of compensation for a fixed, temporary leasehold
is the market rent for the occupied premises for the term specified, excluding any
consequential losses or other penalty for the government’s condemnation power.
For the same reasons discussed in the order denying defendant’s motion to compel,
the Court concludes that any evidence related to the Prevedel Building or the
government’s power to condemn additional periods of possession is irrelevant to
the issue of just compensation and should be excluded from trial.
In contrast to defendant’s contentions, Congress fully approved funding for the Prevedel Building
renovations from Fiscal Year 2014 appropriations on April 3, 2014, in advance of plaintiff’s taking of
the subject property on June 10, 2014. See Pl.’s Exs. 8-14 [Doc. ##57-8-15]. Congressional
approval of the funding was publicly available information prior to the taking. See Pl.’s Exs. 17-19
The argument to exclude this evidence is even stronger here because of the
district court’s role as a gatekeeper in condemnation cases set for jury trial on the
issue of just compensation.
See Fed. R. Civ. P. 71.1(h).
As explained by the
Eighth Circuit, “[i]n trying a case of this kind, a federal district judge is under an
independent obligation, at least to a reasonable extent, to see to it that the
landowner’s claim is submitted to the jury on competent evidence, and with the
jury being given proper legal guidelines for decision.” United States v. 91.90 Acres
of Land, 586 F.2d 79, 90 (8th Cir. 1978) (remanding the case to the district court
for a new trial because the jury was exposed to impermissible consequential
IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that plaintiff’s motion in limine [Doc. #57] is
CAROL E. JACKSON
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
Dated this 27th day of July, 2015.
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