Robinson v. United States of America
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER re: 1 MOTION to Vacate, Set Aside or Correct Sentence (2255) filed by Petitioner Joe Robinson. IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that movant's motion to vacate, correct or set aside his sentence brought pursuant to 28 U.S.C. Section 2255 is DENIED. A separate Order of Dismissal shall accompany this Memorandum and Order. Signed by District Judge E. Richard Webber on July 8, 2014. (MCB)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF MISSOURI
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
No. 4:14CV01124 ERW
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER
This matter is before the Court on movant=s motion to vacate, set aside or
correct sentence pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2255. For the reasons set forth below, the
motion will be denied.
Following a jury trial, movant was found guilty of possession with intent to
distribute heroin and cocaine, in violation of 21 U.S.C. § 841(a)(1), and conspiracy
to possess with the intent to distribute heroin and cocaine, in violation of 21 U.S.C. §
846. On October 30, 1998, movant was sentenced to 380 months= imprisonment.
United States v. Robinson, 4:97-CR-259-ERW (E.D. Mo.). On direct appeal, the
United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit affirmed.
In the instant action, movant claims that the recent Supreme Court case of
Alleyne v. United States, 133 S.Ct. 2151 (2013), should be retroactively applied to
reduce his sentence.
Movant claims that the trial court, rather than the jury,
increased his sentence and that this is unlawful under the holding of Alleyne.1
Movant's argument is without merit. The Supreme Court resolved Alleyne
on direct, rather than collateral review, and it did not declare that its new rule applied
retroactively on collateral attack. Alleyne enunciates a rule of constitutional law.
A[A] new rule for the conduct of criminal prosecutions is to be applied retroactively
to all cases, state or federal, pending on direct review or not yet final, with no
exception for cases in which the new rule constitutes a >clear break= with the past.@
Griffith v. Kentucky, 479 U.S. 314, 328 (1987) (emphasis added). Generally, new
constitutional rules of criminal procedure are not applied to cases being considered
on collateral review, such as the case at bar. See Teague v. Lane, 489 U.S. 288, 303
(1989). Two exceptions to this rule, however, permit the retroactive application of
a new rule when: 1) the rule places certain kinds of primary, private individual
conduct beyond the power of the criminal law-making authority to proscribe or
otherwise prohibits imposition of a certain type of punishment for a class of
defendants because of their status or offense; or 2) the rule announces a new
Awatershed@ rule of criminal procedure implicating the fundamental fairness and
In Alleyne, the Supreme Court held that because mandatory minimum
sentences increase the penalty for the crime, any fact that increases the mandatory
minimum is an Aelement@ of the crime that must be submitted to the jury.
accuracy of the criminal proceeding.@ In re Carl Green, 144 F.3d 384, 386 (6th Cir.
1998), citing Caspari v. Bohlen, 510 U.S. 383, 396 (1994). This Court finds that
Alleyne does not fall within either of these exceptions and declines to apply Alleyne
in movant's § 2255 proceeding.2 See Hart v. U.S., 2014 WL 1910270 at *3 (E.D.
Mo. 2014) (Alleyne does not fall within either of the two exceptions to Teague);
Santana v. U.S., 2014 WL 636437 at *2 (E.D. Mo. 2014) (same); Schoultz v. U.S.,
2013 WL 6512657 at *2-4 (D.S.C. 2013) (same; Alleyne is not a watershed case that
will apply retroactively to cases on collateral review).
IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that movant=s motion to vacate, correct or set
aside his sentence brought pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2255 is DENIED.
A separate Order of Dismissal shall accompany this Memorandum and Order.
So Ordered this 8th day of July, 2014.
E. RICHARD WEBBER
SENIOR UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
Alleyne is an extension of Apprendi v. New Jersey, 530 U.S. 466 (2000).
Simpson v. U.S., 721 F.3d 875, 876 (7th Cir. 2013). The Justices of the Supreme
Court have decided that other rules based on Apprendi do not apply retroactively on
collateral review. Id. at 876 (declining to apply Alleyne retroactively on collateral
review); Schriro v. Summerlin, 542 U.S. 348 (2004).
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