Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. v. PDX, Inc, et al
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER... IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that Defendants' Motion to Strike and Objection to the Use of Prior Depositions (ECF No. 57 ) is GRANTED. IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that Defendants' Motion to Compel Discovery Responses (ECF No. [6 1]) is GRANTED, in part, and DENIED, in part, as discussed herein. Plaintiff shall provide any amended responses no later than March 11, 2016. IT IS FINALLY ORDERED that Plaintiffs Motion for Extension of Time to Produce Expert Witnesses (ECF No. [6 3]) and Defendants' Request for Extension of Time to Disclose and Produce Expert Witness (ECF No. 73 ) are GRANTED. The parties should refer to the Amended Case Management Order, filed herewith, for the new expert disclosure and deposition deadlines. Signed by District Judge Ronnie L. White on 3/2/2016. (NEB)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF MISSOURI
WAL-MART STORES, INC.,
Case No. 4:14CV1805 RLW
PDX INC., et al.,
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER
This matter is before the Court on Defendants' Motion to Strike and Objection to the Use
of Prior Depositions (ECF No. 57), Defendants' Motion to Compel Discovery Responses (ECF
No. 61), Plaintiffs Motion for Extension of Time to Produce Expert Witnesses (ECF No. 63), and
Defendants' Request for Extension of Time to Disclose and Produce Expert Witness (ECF No.
73). These matters are fully briefed and ready for disposition.
A. Defendants' Motion to Strike (ECF No. 57)
In Plaintiffs Second Supplemental Designation of Expert Witnesses, Plaintiff identified
four individuals as experts "who will be presented via transcript in the proceeding Jean Pendino
and Paul Pendino as next friend of Minor Paul Pendino, Jr. v. Rebecca J Graham, D. 0., Cedar
Hill Medical, Inc. d/bla Cedar Hill Medical Center, Tenent Healthsystem Dl-TPS, Inc. d/b/a
Cedar Hill Medical Center, Dale J Brewer, D. 0., Daniel J Meshoto, D. 0., Tenet Healthsystem
Dl-TPS, Inc. d/b/a Women 's & Children 's Center, Sheryle Del Principe, MD., Deaconess
Medical Center-West Campus dlbla Deaconess West Hospital dlbla Normandy Osteopathic
Hospital and Wal-Mart Campus dlb/a Deaconess West Hospital d/b/a Normandy Osteopathic
Hospital and Wal-Mart Stores, Inc., no. 012-00491, which was filed in the Circuit Court for the
City of St. Louis, Missouri (' Underlying Action' )."
(ECF No. 58-1). Plaintiff identified Larry
Ereshefsky, Pharm. D., Terry Martinez, Ph.D, Elias Chalub, M.D., and Steven Whitehead, M.D.,
as experts. Plaintiff provided transcripts of the prior depositions and CV s of all of the experts.
(ECF No. 58 at 3-4).
Defendants ask the Court to strike these expert designations because they
do not comply with Fed. R. Civ. P. 26. Defendants argue that the deposition transcripts, which date
back to 2003 and 2004, constitute hearsay because Defendants were not parties to the prior lawsuit
and did not have an opportunity to cross-examine these witnesses.
(ECF No . 58 at 4-5).
Defendants further argue that use of the prior deposition transcripts do not comply with Rule
804(b)(1) because there is no evidence that the declarants are currently unavailable or that there
was a "predecessor in interest" at their depositions that developed testimony through direct or
cross-examination. (ECF No. 58 at 5).
In response, Plaintiff argues that Defendants cannot complain about providing prior
testimony because Defendants have also designated prior testimony of experts. (ECF No. 59 at
1-2). Plaintiff states that, under Fed. R. Civ. P. 26, expert testimony submitted via testimony does
not require a report because the "testimony is a report."
(ECF No. 59 at 2).
As to the
admissibility of testimony under Fed. R. Evid. 804, Plaintiff notes that these experts are
unavailable. (ECF No. 59 at 2-3). First, Dr. Martinez is deceased. Second, the other three
experts reside outside of the Court's subpoena power under Fed. R. Civ. P. 45 , and are unavailable
pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 32(a)(3).
(ECF No. 59 at 2-3).
Finally, Plaintiff claims that
predecessors in interest were present at the depositions of Martinez, Ereshefsky, Chalub, and
Fed. R. Evid. 804(b )( 1) provides that former testimony is not excluded by the rule against hearsay
if the declarant is unavailable as a witness and if the testimony "(A) was given as a witness at a
trial , hearing, or lawful deposition, whether given during the current proceeding or a different one;
and (B) is now offered against a party who had - or, in a civil case, whose predecessor in interest
had - an opportunity and similar motive to develop it by direct, cross-, or redirect examination."
Whitehead, and those predecessors in interest addressed the matters and opinions of these expert
witnesses. (ECF No. 59 at 3-4).
The Court strikes Plaintiffs expert designations of Martinez, Ereshefsky, Chalub, and
Whitehead. The Court finds it to be unfair under these circumstances for Plaintiff to designate
four experts that are "unavailable". The Court notes that Plaintiffs designation does not comply
with Rule 26. The CVs and depositions are all from 2003 and 2004, and the CVs have not been
Although Plaintiff claims that Defendants' predecessors in interest were able to
participate in the experts' depositions, Defendants have provided evidence that the parties
involved in the prior depositions did not have the same interests in the monographs as the
Defendants in this case. (ECF No. 60 at 5-6). Because Plaintiffs designations do not comply
with Rule 26 or Fed. R. Evid. 804, the Court will strike Plaintiffs Martinez, Ereshefsky, Chalub,
and Whitehead. The Court, however, will amend the case management order and give Plaintiff an
opportunity to comply with the rules and provide proper expert disclosures.
B. Defendants' Motion to Compel (ECF No. 61)
1. Interrogatory Numbers 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6
Plaintiff agreed to provide nonprivileged information in response to Interrogatory numbers
2, 3, 4, 5 and 6. (ECF No . 65 at 1). Plaintiff shall provide these answers no later than March 11,
2. Interrogatory Number 7
Plaintiff has agreed to answer interrogatory number 7 (a) and (b). Interrogatory number
7(c) requests the full name and phone number of each person who has personal knowledge or
claims to have personal knowledge as to the terms ... of the Addendum, as alleged in Paragraph 14
of Plaintiffs Amended Complaint. (ECF No. 62-3). Plaintiff claims that this is overbroad in
that it requires Plaintiff to speculate regarding what people claim to have personal knowledge of
the Addendum. (ECF No. 65 at 1). The Court holds that this is not overbroad. Plaintiff shall
identify any people who hold themselves out as having knowledge of the Addendum.
3. Interrogatory Numbers 8-11 and Requests Numbers 8-21
These interrogatories relate to the terms and conditions of a Memorandum of
Understanding, which was previously produced by Plaintiff, between Wal-Mart and the American
International Specialty Lines Insurance Company and its member and associated companies
regarding Contractual Liability Occurrence Policy Number 12184 79, a Contractual Liability
Occurrence Policy Number 1218479, the Wal-Mart File Transfer and the Loss Portfolio
Plaintiff claims that these documents are not relevant to their claim for
(ECF No. 65 at 3). Plaintiff maintains that this information is not relevant to
resolving the issues relating to the monographs at issue. (Id.).
Plaintiff also asserts that it should
not be required to withdraw all of its objections, including claims of privilege.
In response, Defendants claim that these documents are relevant to their pleaded defenses.
(ECF No. 67 at 2 (citing ECF Nos. 28-29, affirmative defenses numbers 1, 2, 4, 5, 10, 12, 13, 14,
15 and 16)). Defendants argue that the Memorandum of Understanding and the Wal-Mart File
Transfer Requirements are relevant because they regard transactions and/or a "buyout" between
Plaintiff and AIG which resulted in "all" of the settlement dollars coming from AIG. (ECF No.
67 at 3). Therefore, Plaintiff claims that Defendants' discovery requests "are seeking relevant
information in that it is unclear, at this time, as to who has the right to seek contribution in this case
and therefore goes to the issue of standing and the right of Plaintiff to contribution, as alleged
inthier [sic] current Complaint." (ECF No. 67 at 3). As further support, Defendants note that
Defendants' counsel alleged in their Motion for Leave to Withdraw that "American International
Recovery, Inc. is the party that paid for the settlement of the Underlying Lawsuit for which
Contribution is sought." Defendants claim that such documents do not qualify for any protection
and that these documents are relevant to the issue of standing and the right to contribution. (ECF
No. 67 at 4). Defendants assert that privilege is not applicable because Plaintiff has "opened the
door to these documents by filing a claim for contribution." (ECF No. 67 at 4).
The Court notes that this case was filed as a contribution claim. (ECF No. 18). At this
stage of the litigation, the Court will limit the parties to issues regarding Defendants' liability for
the underlying lawsuit. Defendants' attempt to discover information regarding the insurance
coverage for the settlement seems irrelevant, particularly given that the Circuit Court of the
Twenty-Second Circuit found that the Addendum to the Release was valid and enforceable,
supported by consideration, and released PDX, Landmark, and their respective successors and
assigns. (ECF No. 65 at 4). Likewise, the Court does not find that Defendants' pleaded defenses
require the information sought in these requests.
Therefore, the Court denies the motion to
compel Interrogatory Numbers 8-11 and Requests Numbers 8-2.
4. Requests Numbers 3, 4, 5, 6, and 7
Plaintiff claims that it has produced responsive documents in this litigation and prior
litigation and that these requests are duplicative of those requests. Defendants claim that such
documents have not been identified in this litigation. (ECF No. 67 at 5). The Court orders
Plaintiff to identify the responsive documents produced in this litigation. If Plaintiff has not
produced the responsive documents in this litigation, then Plaintiff must produce those responsive
documents no later than March 11 , 2016.
C. Plaintiff's Motion for Extension of Time (ECF No. 63) and Defendants' Request
for Extension of Time (ECF No. 73)
The parties have both requested extension of time to produce their expert witnesses. As
previously indicated, the Court will amend the Case Management Order and provide the parties
with new expert disclosure deadlines. The Court, therefore, grants these motions, in part and in
accordance with the new Case Management Order filed herewith.
IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that Defendants' Motion to Strike and Objection to the Use
of Prior Depositions (ECF No. 57) is GRANTED.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that Defendants' Motion to Compel Discovery Responses
(ECF No. 61) is GRANTED, in part, and DENIED, in part, as discussed herein. Plaintiff shall
provide any amended responses no later than March 11, 2016.
IT IS FINALLY ORDERED that Plaintiffs Motion for Extension of Time to Produce
Expert Witnesses (ECF No. 63) and Defendants' Request for Extension of Time to Disclose and
Produce Expert Witness (ECF No. 73) are GRANTED. The parties should refer to the Amended
Case Management Order, filed herewith, for the new expert disclosure and deposition deadlines .
Dated this 2nd day of March, 2016.
RONNIE L. WHITE
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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