Givens v. USA
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER -.... IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that the instant motion to vacate is DENIED, without prejudice, because movant did not obtain permission from the Court of Appeals to bring the motion in this Court. See 28 U.S.C. § 2255(h). IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that the Clerk shall TRANSFER the instant motion to the United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1631. TRANSFERRED to the Eighth Circuit Court of appeals pursuant to 28 U.S.C. 1631. signed by District Judge Charles A. Shaw(MRC)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF MISSOURI
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
No. 4:15-CV-1126 CAS
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER
This matter is before the Court on movant=s motion to vacate, set aside or correct sentence
pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2255 and two supplements. In addition, movant moves in the alternative
for relief under 28 U.S.C. § 2241, and for a writ of coram nobis. For the following reasons, the
Court will transfer this successive habeas action to the United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth
In the instant motion, movant claims that the new Supreme Court case of Johnson v. United
States, 135 S.Ct. 2551 (2015), decided in June of 2015, should be applied to his case in order to
reduce his sentence. The motion is a “second or successive motion” within the meaning of 28
U.S.C. §§ 2244 & 2255, but has not been certified by the United States Court of Appeals for the
Eighth Circuit as required by the AEDPA.
On June 21, 2005, after movant pled guilty to Count II of the indictment, felon in possession
of a firearm, the Court sentenced him to 180 months imprisonment followed by three (3) years of
supervised release. Movant did not file an appeal.
On August 18, 2008, movant filed his first motion to vacate under § 2255. Givens v. United
States, No. 4:08-CV-1207 CAS (E.D. Mo.). On October 21, 2008, the District Court denied the
motion as time barred, which is a decision on the merits.
Under 28 U.S.C. § 2255:
A second or successive motion must be certified as provided in
section 2244 by a panel of the appropriate court of appeals to
newly discovered evidence that, if proven and viewed in light
of the evidence as a whole, would be sufficient to establish by clear
and convincing evidence that no reasonable factfinder would have
found the movant guilty of the offense; or
a new rule of constitutional law, made retroactive to cases on
collateral review by the Supreme Court, that was previously
28 U.S.C. § 2255(h).
Movant submitted his successive § 2255 motion without the required certification. When
a second or successive habeas petition is filed in a district court without the authorization of the
Court of Appeals, the Court should dismiss it, or, in its discretion, transfer the motion to the
appellate court so long as it is in the interests of justice. Boyd v. United States, 304 F.3d 813, 814
(8th Cir. 2002). Generally, new constitutional rules of criminal procedure are not applied to cases
considered on collateral review. See Teague v. Lane, 489 U.S. 288, 303–11 (1989). Two exceptions
to this rule, however, permit the retroactive application of a new rule, when: 1) the rule places
certain kinds of primary, private individual conduct beyond the power of the criminal law-making
authority to proscribe; or 2) the rule announces a new “watershed” rule of criminal procedure
implicating the fundamental fairness and accuracy of the criminal proceeding. Danforth v.
Minnesota, 552 U.S. 264, 274–75 (2008); Teague, 489 U.S. at 307.
At least one Circuit Court has decided that Johnson can be applied retroactively, although
the Eighth Circuit has not yet addressed the issue. See Price v. United States, --- F.3d ---, 2015 WL
4621024, No. 15-2427 (7th Cir. Aug. 4, 2015). As this matter is relatively time sensitive, and it
appears that movant has a tenable claim for relief under Johnson, the Court finds that it is in the
interest of justice to transfer movant’s petition to the Eighth Circuit Court of Appeals as a request
to file a second or successive § 2255 motion based on Johnson, and its new law ruling.
IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that the instant motion to vacate is DENIED, without
prejudice, because movant did not obtain permission from the Court of Appeals to bring the motion
in this Court. See 28 U.S.C. § 2255(h).
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that the Clerk shall TRANSFER the instant motion to the
United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1631.
CHARLES A. SHAW
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
day of August, 2015.
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