Whittaker v. USA
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER...IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that the instant motion to vacate is DENIED, without prejudice, because movant did not obtain permission from the court of appeals to bring the motion in this Court. See 28 U.S.C. § 2255 (h). IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that the Clerk shall TRANSFER the instant motion to the United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1631.. signed by District Judge Charles A. Shaw(MRC)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF MISSOURI
MAJKIA CARL WHITTAKER,
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER
This matter is before the Court on movant=s motion to vacate, set aside or correct sentence
pursuant to 28 U.S.C. ' 2255. In the instant motion, movant claims that the new Supreme Court
case of Johnson v. United States, 135 S.Ct. 2551 (2015), decided in June 2015, should be applied
to his case in order to reduce his sentence. The motion is a Asecond or successive motion@ within
the meaning of 28 U.S.C. §§ 2244 and 2255 but has not been certified by the United States Court of
Appeals for the Eighth Circuit as required by the AEDPA.
On January 14, 2004, movant was indicted on one count of being a felon in possession of a
firearm in violation of 18 U.S.C. §§ 922(g)(1) and 924(e). On April 27, 2004, movant entered a
plea of guilty. On October 29, 2004, the Court sentenced movant as an Armed Career Criminal to
188 months of imprisonment. Movant filed a direct appeal to the Eighth Circuit Court of Appeals,
which reversed the sentence and remanded for resentencing. The Court entered an amended
judgment on June 20, 2006, sentencing movant to 180 months of imprisonment, the mandatory
minimum under 18 U.S.C. § 924(e). Movant did not appeal the amended judgment.
The Court’s records indicate that movant has previously filed a motion to vacate, set aside
or correct sentence pursuant to 28 U.S.C. ' 2255 that was denied on the merits on December 19,
2014. See Whittaker v. United States, No. 4:14-CV-1089-CAS (E.D. Mo.).
Under 28 U.S.C. § 2255:
A second or successive motion must be certified as provided in
section 2244 by a panel of the appropriate court of appeals to
newly discovered evidence that, if proven and viewed in
light of the evidence as a whole, would be sufficient to establish by
clear and convincing evidence that no reasonable factfinder would
have found the movant guilty of the offense; or
a new rule of constitutional law, made retroactive to cases on
collateral review by the Supreme Court, that was previously
28 U.S.C. § 2255(h).
Movant submitted his successive § 2255 motion without the required certification. When
a second or successive habeas petition is filed in a district court without the authorization of the
court of appeals, the court should dismiss it, or, in its discretion, transfer the motion to the
appellate court so long as it is in the interests of justice. Boyd v. United States, 304 F.3d 813, 814
(8th Cir. 2002).
Generally, new constitutional rules of criminal procedure are not applied to cases
considered on collateral review. See Teague v. Lane, 489 U.S. 288, 303–11 (1989). Two
exceptions to this rule, however, permit the retroactive application of a new rule, when: (1) the rule
places certain kinds of primary, private individual conduct beyond the power of the criminal
law-making authority to proscribe; or (2) the rule announces a new “watershed” rule of criminal
procedure implicating the fundamental fairness and accuracy of the criminal proceeding.
Danforth v. Minnesota, 552 U.S. 264, 274–75 (2008); Teague, 489 U.S. at 307.
At least one Circuit Court has decided that Johnson can be applied retroactively, although
the Eighth Circuit has not yet commented on the issue. See Price v. United States, --- F.3d ---, 2015
WL 4621024, No. 15-2427 (7th Cir. August 4, 2015). As this matter is relatively time sensitive
and it appears that movant has a tenable claim for relief under Johnson, the Court finds that it is in
the interest of justice to transfer movant’s petition to the Eighth Circuit Court of Appeals as a
request to file a second or successive § 2255 motion based on Johnson and its new law ruling.
IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that the instant motion to vacate is DENIED, without
prejudice, because movant did not obtain permission from the court of appeals to bring the motion
in this Court. See 28 U.S.C. § 2255(h).
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that the Clerk shall TRANSFER the instant motion to the
United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1631.
CHARLES A. SHAW
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
day of September, 2015.
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