Taylor v. Steele et al
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that plaintiffs motion to proceed in forma pauperis [ECF No. 2] is GRANTED. IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that the plaintiff must pay an initial filing fee of $4.00 within thirty (30) days of the date of this Or der. Plaintiff is instructed to make his remittance payable to Clerk, United States District Court, and to include upon it: (1) his name; (2) his prison registration number; (3) the case number; and (4) that the remittance is for an original proceedi ng. IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that the Clerk is directed to send plaintiff a prisoner civil rights complaint form.IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that plaintiff must file an amended complaint within twenty-eight days of the date of this Order. IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that if plaintiff fails to comply with this Order, the Court will dismiss this action without further proceedings. 2 Signed by District Judge Jean C. Hamilton on 11/2/15. CC: Prisoner civil rights complaint mailed to petitioner.(CLA)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF MISSOURI
SAMUEL LEWIS TAYLOR,
TROY STEELE, et al.,
No. 4:15CV1618 JCH
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER
Plaintiff, a prisoner at Crossroads Correctional Center, seeks leave to proceed in forma
pauperis in this civil action under 42 U.S.C. § 1983. Having reviewed plaintiff’s financial
information, the Court assesses a partial initial filing fee of $4.00, which is twenty percent of his
average monthly deposit. See 28 U.S.C. § 1915(b).
Standard of Review
Under 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e), the Court is required to dismiss a complaint filed in forma
pauperis if it is frivolous, malicious, or fails to state a claim upon which relief can be granted.
To state a claim for relief under § 1983, a complaint must plead more than “legal conclusions”
and “[t]hreadbare recitals of the elements of a cause of action [that are] supported by mere
conclusory statements.” Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662, 678 (2009).
A plaintiff must
demonstrate a plausible claim for relief, which is more than a “mere possibility of misconduct.”
Id. at 679. “A claim has facial plausibility when the plaintiff pleads factual content that allows
the court to draw the reasonable inference that the defendant is liable for the misconduct
alleged.” Id. at 678. Determining whether a complaint states a plausible claim for relief [is] a
context-specific task that requires the reviewing court to draw on its judicial experience and
common sense. Id. at 679.
Plaintiff was incarcerated at Potosi Correctional Center (“PCC”) during all times relevant
to the complaint. Defendants are officials there. Plaintiff alleges that defendants retaliated
against him for filing lawsuits against prison officials by filing false conduct violations, taking
items from his cell, placing him in administrative segregation, and transferring him to another
institution. Plaintiff also complains that the food at PCC was contaminated and that it made him
The complaint does not state whether defendants are being sued in their official or
individual capacities. Where a “complaint is silent about the capacity in which [plaintiff] is
suing defendant, [a district court must] interpret the complaint as including only official-capacity
claims.” Egerdahl v. Hibbing Community College, 72 F.3d 615, 619 (8th Cir. 1995); Nix v.
Norman, 879 F.2d 429, 431 (8th Cir. 1989). Naming a government official in his or her official
capacity is the equivalent of naming the government entity that employs the official, in this case
the State of Missouri. Will v. Michigan Dep=t of State Police, 491 U.S. 58, 71 (1989). “[N]either
a State nor its officials acting in their official capacity are >persons= under § 1983.” Id. As a
result, the complaint fails to state a claim upon which relief can be granted.
Because plaintiff is proceeding pro se, the Court will allow him to file an amended
complaint. Plaintiff is warned that the filing of an amended complaint replaces the original
complaint, and so he must include each and every one of his claims in the amended
complaint. E.g., In re Wireless Telephone Federal Cost Recovery Fees Litigation, 396 F.3d
922, 928 (8th Cir. 2005). Any claims from the original complaint that are not included in
the amended complaint will be considered abandoned. Id. Plaintiff must allege how each
and every defendant is directly responsible for the alleged harm.
In order to sue
defendants in their individual capacities, plaintiff must specifically say so in the complaint.
If plaintiff fails to follow the instructions in this paragraph, the Court may dismiss the complaint.
IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that plaintiff’s motion to proceed in forma pauperis [ECF
No. 2] is GRANTED.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that the plaintiff must pay an initial filing fee of $4.00
within thirty (30) days of the date of this Order. Plaintiff is instructed to make his remittance
payable to “Clerk, United States District Court,” and to include upon it: (1) his name; (2) his
prison registration number; (3) the case number; and (4) that the remittance is for an original
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that the Clerk is directed to send plaintiff a prisoner civil
rights complaint form.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that plaintiff must file an amended complaint within
twenty-eight days of the date of this Order.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that if plaintiff fails to comply with this Order, the Court
will dismiss this action without further proceedings.
Dated this 2nd day of November, 2015.
/s/ Jean C. Hamilton
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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