Whitner et al v. City of Pagedale
ORDER denying 18 MOTION to Strike Class Allegations from Plaintiffs' Civil Rights Class Action Complaint filed by City of Pagedale. Signed by District Judge Rodney W. Sippel on 1/22/16. (CAR)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF MISSOURI
VALERIE WHITNER et al.,
CITY OF PAGEDALE,
No. 4:15 CV 1655 RWS
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER
Plaintiffs Valerie Whitner, Vincent Blount, and Mildred Bryant are suing Defendant City
of Pagedale claiming, among other things, that the City’s policy and practice of relying on civil
and criminal fines and fees to generate revenue violates the Due Process and Excessive Fines
Clauses of the United States Constitution and exceeds the City’s police powers. Plaintiffs bring
four claims for relief under 42 U.S.C. § 1983. In Count I, Plaintiffs seek class action status for a
proposed class of “all persons who, at any time since January 1, 2010, have received warnings
that they may receive tickets, have been ticketed, or will be ticketed by the city of Pagedale.”
Defendant Pagedale has moved to strike the class allegations from Plaintiffs’ complaint
pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 12(f). Defendant argues that I should strike the class
allegations because Plaintiffs cannot plead the minimum facts necessary to establish the
commonality requirement for class certification under Fed. R. Civ. P. 23(a)(2) and because the
proposed class’ claims are not sufficiently cohesive under Fed. R. Civ. P. 23(b)(2).
Under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 12(f), “[t]he court may strike from a pleading an
insufficient defense or any redundant, immaterial, impertinent, or scandalous matter.” Fed. R.
Civ. P. 12(f). A motion to strike is a very narrow remedy and is not a substitute for a motion to
dismiss. Striking a party's pleadings is an extreme and disfavored measure. Lunsford v. United
States, 570 F.2d 221, 229 (8th Cir. 1977). There is general judicial agreement that a motion to
strike should be denied unless the challenged allegations have no possible relation or logical
connection to the subject matter of the controversy. N. Face Apparel Corp. v. Williams
Pharmacy, Inc., 4:09 CV 2029 RWS, 2010 WL 546928, at *1 (E.D.Mo. Feb. 9, 2010).
Moreover, “even when technically appropriate and well-founded, Rule 12(f) motions are not
granted in the absence of a showing of prejudice to the moving party.” Am. Home Assur. Co. v.
Pope, 2 4057 CV C SOW, 2005 WL 1312975, at *1 (W.D. Mo. June 1, 2005) (internal citations
While Plaintiffs’ proposed class does appear to be quite broad, nothing in Plaintiffs’
complaint is redundant, immaterial, impertinent, or scandalous. Nor do the challenged class
allegations have no possible relation or logical connection to the subject matter in controversy.
As a result, Defendants’ motion to strike will be denied.
IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that Defendant City of Pagedale’s Motion to Strike Class
Allegations from Plaintiff’s Civil Rights Class Action Complaint # is DENIED.
RODNEY W. SIPPEL
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
Dated this 22nd day of January, 2016.
Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.
Why Is My Information Online?