Amieva v. USA
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER : IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that Movant must show cause, within twenty-one (21) days of the date of this Order, why this action should not be dismissed as time- barred. IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that if Movant fails to comply with this Order, this action will be dismissed without further proceedings. Signed by District Judge Audrey G. Fleissig on 09/14/2016. (KCB)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF MISSOURI
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
No. 4:15-CV-1795 AGF
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER
This matter is before the Court on the motion of Ernesto Amieva to vacate, set aside, or
correct sentence under 28 U.S.C. § 2255. It appears that the motion is barred by the limitations
period, and the Court will order him to show cause why this action should not be dismissed.
On September 18, 2012, Movant pled guilty to possession with intent to distribute
cocaine in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 2 and 21 U.S.C. § 841(b)(1)(A). On December 20, 2012, the
Court sentenced him to 120 months’ imprisonment. Movant did not file an appeal. On the same
day he was sentenced, Movant executed a Notice of Compliance with Local Rule 12.07(A). The
Notice was signed by Movant, and it provided, “I have been fully informed of my right to appeal
the final judgment in this case, I do not wish to file a Notice of Appeal, and I have instructed by
attorney not to file a Notice of Appeal.”
Movant filed a Notice of Appeal on September 8, 2015, two years and eight months after
he was sentenced. In his request to file a late appeal before the Court of Appeals for the Eighth
Circuit, Movant claimed he instructed plea counsel to file a Notice of Appeal. He said he is now
subject to deportation as a result of his guilty plea, and he stated that counsel was ineffective for
failing to advise him of the immigration consequences of his conviction and for failing to file a
Notice of Appeal as instructed. The Court of Appeals dismissed the appeal as untimely. United
States v. Amieva, No. 15-3131 (8th Cir. Oct. 8, 2015).
In the instant motion, Movant claims that counsel was ineffective for failing to advise
him of the immigration consequences of his conviction and for failing to file a Notice of Appeal
as instructed. He requests equitable tolling on the basis that he believed plea counsel filed a
Notice of Appeal and that his appeal was pending before the Court of Appeals. He says when he
learned he did not have a pending appeal he hired present counsel to represent him.
Under 28 U.S.C. § 2255(f)(1), a petitioner has one year from the date the criminal
judgment became final to file a motion to vacate. An unappealed criminal judgment becomes
final for purposes of calculating the time limit for filing a motion under § 2255 when the time for
filing a direct appeal expires, ten days after the judgment is entered. Moshier v. United States,
402 F.3d 116, 118 (2nd Cir. 2005); Fed. R. App. Proc. 4(b)(1). The time for filing a direct
appeal in this case expired on December 30, 2012. This action was not filed until December 7,
2015, nearly three years after the limitations period expired.
Under the doctrine of equitable tolling, the limitations period may be tolled if a petitioner
can show that (1) he has been diligently pursuing his rights and (2) an extraordinary
circumstance stood in his way. Holland v. Florida, 560 U.S. 631, 649 (2010). Equitable tolling
is a flexible procedure that involves both recognition of the role of precedent and an “awareness
of the fact that specific circumstances, often hard to predict in advance, could warrant special
treatment in an appropriate case.” Id. at 649-50.
It does not appear either that Movant has diligently pursued his rights or that an
extraordinary circumstance prevented him from filing a timely motion to vacate. First, the
record contradicts his recent assertion that he instructed his counsel to file a Notice of Appeal.
Second, he could have easily inquired about the status of any appeal before the limitations period
Therefore, Movant must show cause why this action should not be summarily
dismissed. See 28 U.S.C. § 2255 Rule 4; Day v. McDonough, 547 U.S. 198, 210 (2006).
IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that Movant must show cause, within twenty-one (21) days
of the date of this Order, why this action should not be dismissed as time-barred.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that if Movant fails to comply with this Order, this action
will be dismissed without further proceedings.
Dated this 14th day of September, 2016.
AUDREY G. FLEISSIG
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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