Gonzales v. USA
MEMORANDUM: In this case, movant has not shown the type of extraordinary circumstances that warrant equitable tolling. Therefore, his motion will be denied. A separate judgment will be filed with this Memorandum. Signed by District Judge Carol E. Jackson on 3/30/16. (JAB)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF MISSOURI
SAMUEL ANGUIANO GONZALES,
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
No. 4:16CV299 CEJ
This matter is before the Court on the motion of Samuel Anguiano Gonzales
motion to vacate, set aside, or correct sentence under 28 U.S.C. § 2255. Upon review,
the Court finds that the motion is time-barred and movant is not entitled to relief. See 28
U.S.C. § 2255 Rule 4.
Movant pled guilty to production of and receipt of child pornography.
February 13, 2014, the Court sentenced him to 600 months’ imprisonment. Movant
appealed. The Court of Appeals affirmed, issuing its judgment on October 27, 2014.
United States v. Gonzales, No. 14-1510 (8th Cir. 2014) (per curiam). Movant filed the
instant motion on February 29, 2016.
Under 28 U.S.C. § 2255:
A 1-year period of limitation shall apply to a motion under this section.
The limitation period shall run from the latest of-(1) the date on which the judgment of conviction becomes
(2) the date on which the impediment to making a motion
created by governmental action in violation of the
Constitution or laws of the United States is removed, if the
movant was prevented from making a motion by such
(3) the date on which the right asserted was initially
recognized by the Supreme Court, if that right has been newly
recognized by the Supreme Court and made retroactively
applicable to cases on collateral review; or
(4) the date on which the facts supporting the claim or claims
presented could have been discovered through the exercise of
For a defendant who does not file a petition for a writ of certiorari, the judgment
of conviction becomes final when the time for filing a certiorari petition with the United
States Supreme Court expires. Clay v. United States, 537 U.S. 522, 527 (2003). Under
the Rules of the Supreme Court of the United States, the time to file a petition for writ of
certiorari is ninety days after the date of entry of the judgment appealed from. Supreme
Court Rule 13(1). The time does not run from the date of mandate. Id.; Clay, 537 U.S. at
527, 529. A § 2255 petitioner therefore has one year and ninety days from the judgment
of the appellate court to file a § 2255 motion.
In this case, the statute of limitations expired on January 25, 2016, which is one
year and ninety days after October 27, 2014. Thus, the motion is time-barred and must
be dismissed unless circumstances warranting equitable tolling are present.
Under the doctrine of equitable tolling, the AEDPA’s statutory limitations period
may be tolled if a movant can show that (1) he has been diligently pursuing his rights and
(2) an extraordinary circumstance stood in his way. Holland v. Florida, 560 U.S. 631,
649 (2010). Equitable tolling is a flexible procedure that involves both recognition of the
role of precedent and an “awareness of the fact that specific circumstances, often hard to
predict in advance, could warrant special treatment in an appropriate case.” Id. at 649-50.
In support of his claim to equitable tolling, movant states that his attorney
miscalculated the statute of limitations. According to movant, defense counsel calculated
the limitations period from the date of the appellate court’s mandate instead of from the
date of the judgment. He also claims that his attorney was delayed in obtaining a “certain
relevant document contained in [his] criminal file.”
Movant does not identify the
document nor does he state how it was “relevant.”
Ineffective assistance of counsel “generally does not warrant equitable tolling.”
Riddle v. Kemna, 523 F.3d 850, 857 (8th Cir. 2008) abrogated on other grounds by
Gonzalez v. Thaler, 132 S. Ct. 641, 181 L. Ed. 2d 619 (2012); see Walker v. Norris, 436
F.3d 1026, 1032–33 (attorney’s lack of knowledge of verification requirement on state
petition); Baker v. Norris, 321 F.3d 769, 772 (attorneys’ statement that “no other court
would hear her case”); Beery v. Ault, 312 F.3d 948, 951–52 (8th Cir.2002) (attorney’s
false representations about petition, which did not prevent timely filing); Kreutzer v.
Bowersox, 231 F.3d 460, 463 (counsel’s confusion about applicable statute of
limitations). “Even in the case of an unrepresented prisoner alleging a lack of legal
knowledge or legal resources, equitable tolling has not been warranted.” Kreutzer v.
Bowersox, 231 F.3d at 463.
In this case, movant has not shown the type of extraordinary circumstances that
warrant equitable tolling. Therefore, his motion will be denied.
A separate judgment will be filed with this Memorandum.
Dated this 30th day of March, 2016.
CAROL E. JACKSON
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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