Dixon v. Farmington Correctional Center et al
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER : IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that plaintiff's motion to proceed in forma pauperis [ECF No. 2 ] is GRANTED. IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that the plaintiff must pay an initial filing fee of $1.50 within thirty (30) days of the da te of this Order. Plaintiff is instructed to make his remittance payable to "Clerk, United States District Court," and to include upon it: (1) his name; (2) his prison registration number; (3) the case number; and (4) that the remittance is for an original proceeding. An Order of Dismissal will be filed separately. MOTION for Leave to Proceed in forma pauperis under 42:1983 (prisoner) filed by Plaintiff Joseph LaMar Dixon. Signed by District Judge Carol E. Jackson on 9/19/16. (KKS)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF MISSOURI
JOSEPH LAMAR DIXON,
CENTER, et al.,
No. 4:16-CV-1463 CEJ
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER
Plaintiff, a prisoner, seeks leave to proceed in forma pauperis in this civil action under 42
U.S.C. § 1983. Having reviewed plaintiff’s financial information, the Court assesses a partial
initial filing fee of $1.50, which is twenty percent of his average monthly deposit. See 28 U.S.C.
Standard of Review
Under 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e), the Court is required to dismiss a complaint filed in forma
pauperis if it is frivolous, malicious, or fails to state a claim upon which relief can be granted.
To state a claim for relief, a complaint must plead more than “legal conclusions” and
“[t]hreadbare recitals of the elements of a cause of action [that are] supported by mere
conclusory statements.” Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662, 678 (2009).
A plaintiff must
demonstrate a plausible claim for relief, which is more than a “mere possibility of misconduct.”
Id. at 679. “A claim has facial plausibility when the plaintiff pleads factual content that allows
the court to draw the reasonable inference that the defendant is liable for the misconduct
alleged.” Id. at 678. Determining whether a complaint states a plausible claim for relief is a
context-specific task that requires the reviewing court to draw on its judicial experience and
common sense. Id. at 679.
When reviewing a complaint under 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e), the Court accepts the well-pled
facts as true. Furthermore, the Court liberally construes the allegations.
Plaintiff brings this action against the Farmington Correctional Center (FCC) and
Brandon Moss, who was a correctional officer there. Plaintiff says Moss gave him a conduct
violation for “jumping the line.” He claims he was only attempting to get around another inmate
who was in his way. He also says Moss called him “boy,” a racist slur.
Plaintiff’s allegations against Moss do not state a plausible claim under § 1983. See
Burton v. Livingston, 791 F.2d 97, 99 (8th Cir. 1986) (“mere words, without more, do not invade
a federally protected right.”); Glick v. Sargent, 696 F.2d 413, 415 (8th Cir. 1983) (per curiam)
(“Unless an infringement upon constitutional or fundamental rights is involved, the courts are
reluctant to interfere with a prison’s internal discipline methods.”).
A suit against FCC is, in effect, a suit against the State of Missouri. The State of
Missouri, however, is absolutely immune from liability under § 1983. See Will v. Michigan
Dept. of State Police, 491 U.S. 58, 63 (1989). Therefore, the complaint must be dismissed as
Further, the Court finds that an appeal from the dismissal would not be taken in good
faith. Therefore, no certificate of appealability will issue.
IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that plaintiff’s motion to proceed in forma pauperis [ECF
No. 2] is GRANTED.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that the plaintiff must pay an initial filing fee of $1.50
within thirty (30) days of the date of this Order. Plaintiff is instructed to make his remittance
payable to “Clerk, United States District Court,” and to include upon it: (1) his name; (2) his
prison registration number; (3) the case number; and (4) that the remittance is for an original
An Order of Dismissal will be filed separately.
Dated this 19th day of September, 2016.
CAROL E. JACKSON
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
Prisoners must pay the full amount of the $350 filing fee. After payment of the initial partial filing fee, the
prisoner is required to make monthly payments of 20 percent of the preceding month’s income credited to the
prisoner’s account. The agency having custody of the prisoner will deduct the payments and forward them to the
Court each time the amount in the account exceeds $10. 28 U.S.C. § 1915(b)(2).
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